Loughton incinerator thefts
The Bank of England Printing Works, where the thefts took place
|Date||c. April 1988 – c. March 1992|
|Outcome||Between £600,000–£700,000 stolen|
|Convictions||Winwright sentenced to 18 months in prison; remaining participants ordered to repay £500,000 to the bank|
The Loughton incinerator thefts occurred between 1988 and 1992 at the Bank of England's incinerator plant in Loughton, Essex – four employees of the plant stole more than GB£600,000 in a series of regular thefts. The four participants and their spouses were arrested in 1992, with only one being prosecuted in criminal court. In a civil suit, the remaining members of the group were ordered to repay half a million pounds to the bank. The story of the case has been adapted into two feature-length films.
Between 1988 and 1992, four employees of the Bank of England's incinerator plant in Loughton conspired to steal in a series of thefts more than £600,000 worth of banknotes that were due to be destroyed. One participant, Christine Gibson, smuggled the notes out of the plant by stuffing them into her underwear. Gibson initially worked in collaboration with just two other employees, Kenneth Longman and Michael Nairne, before the trio were approached and joined by a fourth individual, Kevin Winwright, who acted as their "look-out" and distracted the guards. During this time, the group and their spouses lived a "life of Riley", spending their gains on expensive cars, motorcycles and jewellery.
Arrest and trial
The group was brought to the attention of the police after Gibson's husband, Peter, attempted to make a deposit of £100,000 at the Ilford branch of the Reliance Mutual Insurance Society entirely in 20- and 50-pound notes – soon after, Nairne attempted to make a deposit of £30,000 at the same branch. All four colleagues and their respective partners were soon arrested, but only Winwright was prosecuted – he admitted to stealing £170,000 from the plant and received an 18-month prison sentence.
The six remaining participants were tried at the High Court of Justice in April 1994. The case, Bank of England v Gibson, was overseen by Judge Norman Rudd, with Winwright giving evidence on behalf of the bank. After a two-week trial, Rudd delivered his judgment on 26 April 1994, ordering the three families to repay more than half a million pounds to the bank. As no witnesses who had given evidence in the High Court were willing to speak to the police, all three couples escaped criminal convictions.
The story of the thefts was adapted into two films: first in 2001 as Hot Money, a television movie made for ITV starring Caroline Quentin, then again as Mad Money, a 2008 film based on ITV's production, starring Diane Keaton.
A similar crime was committed in 2000, when two bank clerks stole 110 sacks of notes valued at £23,000 that were due to be incinerated – the two participants were sent to prison for six and nine months respectively.
- "Judgement – Bank of England v. Gibson". Cork: University College Cork. Retrieved 19 December 2012.
- Cannon, L. M. (1995). "Civil remedies for theft — issues for banks". Journal of Financial Crime. 2 (4): 290–294. doi:10.1108/eb025652.
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- MacKinnon, Ian (27 April 1994). "Banknote thieves told to repay pounds 1/2 m: Families' extravagant lifestyle ends with court order to give up ill-gotten gains". The Independent. London: Independent News & Media. ISSN 0951-9467. OCLC 240904920. Retrieved 17 December 2012.
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- "Bank clerks jailed for stealing notes". The Daily Telegraph. London: Telegraph Media. 4 November 2000. ISSN 0307-1235. OCLC 613316876. Retrieved 18 December 2012.
- Bank of England v Gibson at Law Index Pro (subscription required)