Lucifer (prawn)

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Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Crustacea
Class: Malacostraca
Order: Decapoda
Suborder: Dendrobranchiata
Superfamily: Sergestoidea
Family: Luciferidae
De Haan, 1849
Genus: Lucifer
J. V. Thompson, 1829
Type species
Lucifer typus
H. Milne-Edwards, 1837 [1]
Synonyms [2]


Lucifer is a little-known and degenerate genus of prawns, the only genus in the family Luciferidae.[3] Lucifer has a long body, but many fewer appendages than other prawns, with only three pairs of pereiopods remaining, all without claws. It also bears no gills.[4] The females, uniquely among prawns, carry the fertilised eggs on her pleopods until they are ready to hatch. This parallels the development of a similar system in pleocyemates, although the attachment is less strong in Lucifer.[4] The length of the eye-stalks and the form of the petasma are used in distinguishing the eight species from each other. Seven species are recognised:[1]


  1. ^ a b Michael Türkay (2009). "Lucifer Thompson, 1829". World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved May 15, 2010. 
  2. ^ Thomas E. Bowman & Lipke B. Holthuis. "Lucifer or Leucifer: which spelling is correct?" (PDF). Crustaceana 14: 216–217. doi:10.1163/156854068x00638. 
  3. ^ Sammy De Grave; N. Dean Pentcheff; Shane T. Ahyong; et al. (2009). "A classification of living and fossil genera of decapod crustaceans" (PDF). Raffles Bulletin of Zoology. Suppl. 21: 1–109. 
  4. ^ a b Gary C. B. Poore & Shane T. Ahyong (2004). Marine decapod Crustacea of southern Australia: a guide to identification. CSIRO Publishing. ISBN 978-0-643-06906-0.