Ludwig Goldscheider

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Ludwig Goldscheider
(1896-03-06)6 March 1896
Died26 June 1973(1973-06-26) (aged 77)
NationalityAustrian, British
OccupationPublisher, art historian, poet and translator
Known forCo-founding Phaidon Press (with Bela Horovitz)
Parent(s)Wilhelm Goldscheider, Julie (Itte) Goldscheider, née Lifschitz

Ludwig Goldscheider (3 June 1896 – 26 June 1973) was an Austrian-British publisher, art historian, poet and translator who is known for founding the world-renowned Phaidon Press.


Goldscheider was born in Vienna, to Wilhelm Goldscheider, a clockmaker from Galicia, and his first wife Julie (Itte) Goldscheider, née Lifschitz. After serving as an officer in the First World War, Goldscheider studied art history at the University of Vienna under Julius von Schlosser, and began working in various publishing houses. His first book, Die Wiese ("The Meadow"), an anthology of lyric poetry, appeared in 1921.

Goldscheider c0ofounded Phaidon Press in 1923 under the German name Phaidon Verlag, with Béla Horovitz and Fritz Ungar.[1] Phaidon Verlag became known throughout Europe for its inexpensive high-quality books about art and architecture. Goldschieder had a son with Muriel Breaks in 1941. The son's name is Jupiter 'Peter' Breaks, living in Mountain, Ontario, Canada.

Goldscheider emigrated to London in 1938 due to the Anschluss. He and Horovitz re-established the Phaidon Press in Britain, where they published, among many other art books, Ernst Gombrich's famous The Story of Art. Goldscheider stayed with the company for 35 years as author, editor and book-designer.[2] After Horovitz's death Goldscheider took over general management of the company.[1]

Selected works[edit]

  • Michelangelo. Paintings, sculpture, architecture. Phaidon Press, London 1996, ISBN 0-7148-3296-0.
  • Rodin. Sculptures. Phaidon Press, Oxford 1988, ISBN 0-7148-9000-6.
  • Roman portraits. Phaidon Press, London 2004, ISBN 0-7148-4436-5.
  • Die schönsten Gedichte der Weltliteratur. Ein Hausbuch der Weltlyrik, von den Anfängen bis heute. Phaidon Verlag, Wien 1934
  • Die Wiese. Gedichte. Amalthea-Verlag, Wien 1921.

His papers are held at the Getty Research Institute.[3]


  1. ^ a b William D. Rubinstein; Michael Jolles; Hilary L. Rubinstein, eds. (15 March 2011). The Palgrave Dictionary of Anglo-Jewish History. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 437. ISBN 978-1-4039-3910-4. Retrieved 9 May 2013.
  2. ^ 'Obituary: Ludwig Goldscheider, Publisher of art books', The Times, 30 June 1973, p.14
  3. ^ Inventory of the Ludwig Goldscheider Papers, 1911-1981. Accessed 9 May 2013.
  • Stadler, Friedrich (2004): Die vertriebene Vernunft. Emigration und Exil österreichischer Wissenschaft 1930–1940. LIT-Verlag, Münster
  1. 2004, ISBN 3-8258-7372-2, p. 528
  2. 2004, ISBN 3-8258-7373-0, p. 523–1106
  • Wendland, Ulrike. (1999) Biographisches Handbuch deutschsprachiger Kunsthistoriker im Exil. Leben und Werk der unter dem Nationalsozialismus verfolgten und vertriebenen Wissenschaftler. Saur, München, Bd. 1, pp. 208–210

External links[edit]