In 1724 Prince Ludwig, the son of Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, decided to build a hunting lodge near a small hamlet called Klenow. Later on, when he get the reign, he loved mostly to stay at this residence and called it Ludwigslust ("Ludwig's lust"). In 1765 Ludwigslust became the capital of the duchy instead of Schwerin. The town was enlarged by a residential palace (the castle). This situation lasted until 1837, when Grand Duke Paul Friedrich returned the capital status to Schwerin.
The Wöbbelin concentration camp—sometimes referred to as Ludwigslust concentration camp—was established by the SS near the city of Ludwigslust in 1945. At the end of World War II, as the Line of contact between Soviet and other Allied forces formed, Ludwigslust was captured by British troops initially, then handed over to American troops. After several months the US troops departed and allowed Soviet troops to enter per the Yalta agreement designating the occupation of Mecklenburg to be administered by the Soviets.
Citizens of Ludwigslust, Germany, inspect a nearby concentration camp under orders of the 82nd Airborne Division
Schloss Ludwigslust, a Baroque residential palace built in 1772-1776, after plans by Johann Joachim Busch. It is called as the "Little Versailles of Mecklenburg". The palace is located in the middle of the palace garden (Schlosspark), a vast park (120 ha.), created in English style, with canals, fountains and artificial cascades.
The Stadtkirche (Municipal- / City-Church), built in 1765-1770 in Neoclassical style with Baroque sway. Its classical design, with a portico resting on six doric columns, gives the church an appearance similar to a Greek temple.