Mühlacker

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Mühlacker
Herz-Jesu-Kirche Mühlacker.jpg
Coat of arms of Mühlacker
Coat of arms
Mühlacker   is located in Germany
Mühlacker
Mühlacker
Coordinates: 48°57′0″N 8°50′22″E / 48.95000°N 8.83944°E / 48.95000; 8.83944Coordinates: 48°57′0″N 8°50′22″E / 48.95000°N 8.83944°E / 48.95000; 8.83944
Country Germany
State Baden-Württemberg
Admin. region Karlsruhe
District Enzkreis
Government
 • Mayor Frank Schneider (FDP)
Area
 • Total 54.32 km2 (20.97 sq mi)
Elevation 240 m (790 ft)
Population (2015-12-31)[1]
 • Total 25,649
 • Density 470/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 75401–75417
Dialling codes 07041
Vehicle registration PF
Website www.muehlacker.de

Mühlacker is a town in the eastern part of the Enz district in Baden-Württemberg in southern Germany. Mühlacker station has direct rail connections with Stuttgart, Karlsruhe, Heidelberg, Pforzheim and the Northern Black Forest.

Since 1930, Mühlacker has been transmitter site, at which between 1934 and 1945 the tallest tower ever built of wood stood (height: 190 metres).

A further landmark is the water tower.

Water tower

Mühlhausen an der Enz where Spree killer Ernst August Wagner killed 13 people in 1913 has been a part of the city since 1972.

The community of Ötisheim joined onto the city so as to act as a single municipality for certain tasks.

Thirty Years' War[edit]

The Thirty Years' War brought hardship and misery. In 1648 were from originally 1242 inhabitants (1622) only 50 left. In the Nine Years' War (1688-1697) Dürrmenz was looted in 1692 by French troops. Eckenweiher was incorporated to Dürrmenz in 1832.

Industrialisation[edit]

With the opening of the Württemberg Western Railway Stuttgart - Bruchsal in 1853 the industrial age began in space Dürrmenz-Mühlacker. As the Karlsruhe-Mühlacker railway was built in 1863, Mühlacker was at the same railway junction and border station. As a curiosity, it had yet to 1930 two stations side by side, the larger Württemberg station and the Baden railway station. Favored by the dismantling of custom barriers 1819-1851 and the abolition of the compulsory guild (1862), industrial enterprises settled near the train station.

20th century[edit]

After World War I, inflation, great depression and high unemployment interrupted the further development. In 1930, the large Mühlacker radio transmitter was put into operation.

Radio transmitter

With the dissolution of Oberamt Maulbronn, young city Mühlacker came in 1938 to district Vaihingen. During the Nazi period five of the eight Jewish citizens of Mühlacker were murdered in Auschwitz. The World War II ended in Mühlacker with destruction by air raids and artillery shelling. After 1945, 3000 refugees and displaced persons found in Mühlacker a new home. As part of the district reform on January 1, 1973, the district Vaihingen was resolved. The western region, with the town of Mühlacker became part of the newly formed Enzkreis. The eastern part of the district Vaihingen came to the district of Ludwigsburg.

International relations[edit]

Mühlacker is twinned with:

Sons and daughters of the town[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]