M-PHY

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M-PHY
MIPI M-PHY
Year created2011
Created byMIPI Alliance
SupersedesD-PHY
Width in bits1-4 lanes, w/adaptive discovery (depending on higher-level protocol)
Speedup to 11.6 Gbit/s per data lane
Styleserial, embedded clock
External interfaceyes, with optical media converter
Websitehttps://mipi.org/specifications/m-phy

M-PHY is a high speed data communications physical layer standard developed by the MIPI Alliance, PHY Working group, and targeted at the needs of mobile multimedia devices..[1] The specification's details are proprietary to MIPI member organizations, but a substantial body of knowledge can be assembled from open sources. A number of industry standard settings bodies have incorporated M-PHY into their specifications including Mobile PCI Express,[2][3][4][5][6][7][8] Universal Flash Storage,[9][10][11] and as the physical layer for SuperSpeed Inter-Chip USB.[12][13][13][14][15][15][16][17]

M-PHY is generally transmitted using low-voltage differential signaling (similar to but not LVDS) over impedance controlled traces between two components within one circuit card, or over a short flexible flat cable, however M-PHY was designed to support optical media converters allowing extended distance between transmitters and receivers, and reducing concerns with electromagnetic interference.[15]

Applications[edit]

M-PHY (like its predecessor D-PHY) is intended to be used in high-speed point-to-point communications, for example video Camera Serial Interfaces. The CSI-2 interface was based on D-PHY (or C-PHY), while the newer CSI-3 interface is based on M-PHY. M-PHY was designed to supplant D-PHY in many applications, but this is expected to take a number of years.

The M-PHY the physical layer is also used in a number of different high-speed emergent industry standards, DigRF (High speed radio interface), MIPI LLI (Low latency memory interconnect for multi-processors systems), and one possible physical layer for UniPro (UniPort-M.)

Signaling speed[edit]

M-PHY supports a scalable variety of signaling speeds, ranging from 10 kbit/s to over 11.6 Gbit/s per lane. This is accomplished using two different major signaling/speed modes, a simple low-speed (using PWM) mode and high speed (using 8b10b).[18] Communications goes on in bursts, and the design of both high-speed and low-speed forms allows for extended periods of idle communications at low-power, making the design particularly suitable for mobile devices.

Gears[edit]

Within each signaling method, a number of standard speeds, known as "gears", is defined, with the expectation that additional gears will be defined in future versions of the standard.[19]

Termination[edit]

M-PHY is flexible with regard to bus termination impedance.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "MIPI M-PHY takes center stage". EDN. Retrieved 2018-04-22.
  2. ^ "M-PCIe – Goin' mobile!". EDN. Retrieved 2018-04-22.
  3. ^ "PCIe Follows USB 3.0 to Mobile Applications - PCI Express". eecatalog.com.
  4. ^ "PCI-SIG and MIPI Alliance Announce Mobile PCIe (M-PCIe) Specification - PCI Express". eecatalog.com.
  5. ^ "PCIe for Mobile Launched; PCIe 3.1, 4.0 Specs Revealed". 28 June 2013.
  6. ^ "Specifications" (PDF). pcisig.com.
  7. ^ "Moving PCI Express to Mobile (M-PCIe)". Design And Reuse.
  8. ^ "MindShare - Mobile PCI Express (M-PCIe) (Training)". www.mindshare.com.
  9. ^ "Universal Flash Storage (UFS) - JEDEC". www.jedec.org.
  10. ^ "Universal Flash Storage: Mobilize Your Data". Design And Reuse.
  11. ^ "UFS 3.0 standard released, offers 2x faster performance than UFS 2.1". www.fonearena.com.
  12. ^ "MIPI Alliance and USB 3.0 Promoter Group Announce Availability of SuperSpeed USB Inter-Chip". Edn.com. 2012-06-20. Retrieved 2018-04-22.
  13. ^ a b "MIPI M-Phy Testing Services". 29 May 2014.
  14. ^ "MIPI M-PHY". mipi.org.
  15. ^ a b c "MIPI™ MPHY - An introduction". Design And Reuse.
  16. ^ "MIPI M-PHY takes center stage". Design And Reuse.
  17. ^ "Specifications". eecatalog.com.
  18. ^ MIPIAlliance (18 December 2012). "MIPI M-PHY Electrical Characterisation & Challenges by Parthasarathy Raju, Tektronix - part 1" – via YouTube.
  19. ^ MIPIAlliance (18 December 2012). "MIPI M-PHY Electrical Characterisation & Challenges by Parthasarathy Raju, Tektronix - part 1" – via YouTube.