Ma'ale Efrayim (Hebrew: מַעֲלֵה אֶפְרַיִם, eng. Ascent of Ephraim) is a secular Israeli settlement and local council located along the eastern slopes of the Samarian mountains in the Jordan Valley, within the West Bank. It was founded in 1978 and named after the Biblical tribe of Ephraim. The settlement's municipal status was upgraded to local council in 1981. It has a population of approximately 1,800 people living in 450 households. The international community considers Israeli settlements in the West Bank illegal under international law, but the Israeli government disputes this.