McNulty

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McNulty
Family name
Meaning "son of the Ulsterman"[1]
Region of origin Ireland
Language(s) of origin Irish
Related names McAnulty, Donlevy, Dunleavy, McKinley (surname)

McNulty (Irish: Mac an Ultaigh)—also spelled MacNulty, McAnulty, and Nulty amongst other variations—is an Irish surname, meaning "son of the Ulsterman".[1][2] Usually considered a branch of the Ulaid ruling dynasty of Mac Duinnshléibhe (MacDonlevy) who fled Ulaid to Ailech after the formers conquest in 1177 by the Normans, DNA analysis points to descent from other Ulaid families as well.[3] After the Battle of Kinsale in 1602, some McDonlevy's and McNulty's migrated to the province of Connacht where their name is now common.[4]

Contents

Origin[edit]

The name is said to have arisen from a branch of the ruling Ulaid dynasty of Mac Duinnshléibhe (MacDonlevy) who had migrated to what is now present-day County Donegal in the Republic of Ireland after John de Courcy's conquest of Ulaid in 1177. Here some of the MacDonlevy's were nicknamed Ultagh/Ultach.[3] However historical records such as the 1659 "Census" as well as Griffith's Valuation (1848-1864) show that concentrations of McNulty's where found in parts of Ireland that the MacDonlevy's had little presence, coupled with DNA analysis showing that the McNulty's may actually derive from other Gaelic families that migrated from Ulaid and not just the MacDonlevy's.[3] The names Ultagh/Ultach and Mac an Ultaigh applied to only those that fled Ulaid and was not used for those that remained.[3]

Regardless of their actual origin, the first McNulty to be recorded is found in the Annals of the Four Masters under the year 1281, where an "Murtough Macan-Ulty" is listed as a distinguished fatality at the battle of Desertcreagh in present-day County Tyrone, Northern Ireland.[3]

The probable transition of the name Mac an Ultaigh from the Ultagh MacDonlevy's can be seen around 1601 where one "Morris Ultagh" is recorded as "Morris m'Nich Ultagh".[3] The surname prefix "m'Nich" appears to be an English confusion of the female prefix Nic with the male prefix Mac.[3]

Other variant spellings of McNulty include McNaulty,[5] McNalty,[5] and rarely as O'Nalty,[6] Nolty,[6] McNult,[7] McEnulty and McKnulty.[6][8] and others.

In County Clare and its adjacent County Tipperary in the southwest of the Republic of Ireland, the toponymics Connoulty and Kinoulty are encountered, and are believed to be Anglicisations of Mac an Ultaigh.[citation needed]

Diaspora[edit]

Belfast's reminder of "An Gorta Mór", the Great Famine (Ireland) or the genocide by starvation
The wrenching parting of Henry Doyle's 1868 Emigrants Leave Ireland

By 1980, there were 19,469 persons surnamed McNulty in the United States Social Security Administration data base. The surname McNulty was, then, the 2332 most frequently occurring surname in that database.[7] Some of the first McNulty immigrants to North America arrived in Philadelphia and New York City in the very early 19th century[9][10][11] and, later, more numerously, in both Philadelphia and New York City between 1840 and 1860, during which period the great Irish Potato Famine occurred.[12][13]

There are an estimated 421 persons surnamed McNulty in Australia.[14] Denis McInulty, one of the first McNulty to arrive in Australia, arrived there from Scotland on 16 May 1846 on the prisoner transport the China under a 10-year sentence of the Glascow Justiciary Court.[15]

In the United Kingdom the surname McNulty is shared by an estimated 7,888 people and is approximately the 1329th most popular surname in the country.[16]

Notable McNulty's[edit]

Dennis Day (1916–1988)
Dennis Day 1960.JPG
Dennis Day, the stage name of crooner, comic and radio and television personality Owen Patrick Eugene McNulty
Poster for Blondie Takes a Vacation (1939), starring Penny Singleton (1908–2003), the stage name of motion picture actress and radio personality Marianna Dorothy Agnes Letitia McNulty
Dr. Sir Arthur MacNalty (sometimes, McNalty) (1880–1969) was the 8th Chief Medical Officer (United Kingdom) (1935–1941) and a historian. A ground breaking medical scientist, he teamed with the Welshman Thomas Lewis (cardiologist) in 1908 to demonstrate that tracings from then nascent electrocardiography (ECG) could be used as a tool for diagnosing Heart block.[17] This use of electrocardiography to diagnose heart block was the earliest application of ECG technology in cardiology and clinical medicine. Above is an illustration of a turn-of-the-20th-century laboratory set up of the string galvanometer for the taking of an electrocardiograph. Many of Sir Arthur's histories, including his Henry VIII: The Difficult Patient (1952) and Mary, Queen of Scots: The Daughter of Debate (1960), remain relevant for scholars. At the behest of his friend Winston Churchill, Sir Arthur also served as editor-in-chief for compilation of the monumental over 20 volume Official Medical History of the Second World War (1968).
Interior courtyard of Boston City Hall, a building called in an AIA survey one of the ten proudest achievements of American architecture in the Nation's first 200 years, Campbell, Aldrich & Nulty, whose principals were Nelson Aldrich (architect) and Lawrence Frederick Nulty, architects

Fictional characters[edit]

Thelma Ritter (1902–1969), as Ellen McNulty
Thelma Ritter in The Mating Season trailer.jpg
from the trailer for The Mating Season (1951)
The motion picture actor Ray Milland, here, portraying Don Birnam in The Lost Weekend (1945), later, portrayed Prof. Ray McNulty in the early 1950s TV series Meet Mr. McNulty.
  • Jimmy McNulty, a character on HBO drama The Wire
    • Elena McNulty (Jimmy's estranged wife), Sean James McNulty (Jimmy's and Elena's eldest son) and Michael Barnes McNulty (Jimmy's and Elena's youngest son) also appear as characters on The Wire.
  • Liam McNulty, a fictional character in BBC Scotland soap opera River City
  • Middenface McNulty, post apocalyptic science fiction character
  • McNulty Rugrats
    • There are 7 McNulty characters in the Emmy nominated animated TV series.
    • 5 McNulty brother Rugrats (Timothy, Todd, Ty, Teddy and Terry)
    • The brothers' grandfather Conan
    • The brothers' mother Colleen
  • Lt. Ray McNulty and his son Van McNulty are characters in the U.S. TV series Smallville
  • Meet Mr. McNutley was a successful CBS television network series that ran 44 episodes from 1953 to 1955. The show's title and the last name of its main character were changed to "McNulty" in the second episode. The show was, later, again, retitled the Ray Milland Show. Milland played the show's main character Prof. Ray McNulty. The U.S. television actress Phyllis Avery played the professor's wife Peggy McNulty.
  • The eye patched rogue and heel Red McNulty "of Dublin, Ireland" and the outright villain Ivan Koloff "The Russian Bear" were ring personas of Canadian wrestler Oreal Perras (Oreal James Perras), a former WWE World Heavyweight Champion who fought 3,962 documented career bouts.[25]
  • Stephen Graham (actor) played the character Peter McNulty in 2 episodes of the TV series Jump.
  • Thelma Ritter won the Oscar for Best Supporting Actress for her portrayal of Ellen McNulty in the 1951 film the Mating Season.
  • Actress Gene Tierney played Maggie Carleton McNulty in the Mating Season (1951).
  • There is a McNulty character in both the movie Trancers and its sequel Trancers II. In both movies the McNulty character is portrayed by actor Art LaFleur.
  • Maggie Cline became famous in Vaudeville singing popular Irish songs, including How McNulty Carved His Duck.[26]
  • There is a Moshi Monsters moshling character in the puppies set named McNulty.
  • Patrick McNulty, the main character in the Twilight Zone episode A Kind of a Stopwatch
  • Lt. Nulty, Los Angeles, California police detective, a featured character in Raymond Chandler’s second Philip Marlowe detective novel, Farewell, My Lovely, which was thrice produced as a movie under various titles (1942, 1944, and 1975) and was adapted for radio broadcast.
  • In 23 episodes of the NBC television drama E-Ring, Dennis Hopper played the character Colonel Eli McNulty, who in story is a combat decorated former POW and Vietnam War veteran and principal staff officer of a “Special Operations Division”.[27]

20th and 21st century U.S. Representatives[edit]

Capitol dome
Frank Joseph McNulty
William Brodhead
Michael R. McNulty

Roman Catholic Bishops[edit]

In U.S. Navy and nautical history[edit]

Ship's & other commanders[edit]

This is an aerial view of United States Merchant Marine Academy. Then Commodore Robert R. McNulty, the Supervisor of the Merchant Marine Cadet Corps, founded the Academy during the Second World War and served as its third superintendent. The Kings Point, New York campus grew from a 12-acre property that was once the waterfront estate of Walter Chrysler. The estate's main house, "Forker House", is now the Academy's Wiley Hall.
This is the U.S. Naval War College in Newport, Rhode Island. The College was established in 1884. The College is the U.S. Navy research and educational institution charged with developing and disseminating to its officers new methods of naval warfare. Rear Admiral (then Captain) James F. McNulty was the institutions Chief of Staff in the 1970s. McNulty was particularly knowledgeable in the area of anti-submarine warfare. After his retirement from the U.S. Navy, Rear Admiral James F. McNulty became the Superintendent of the Great Lakes Maritime Academy in Michigan.

"Acta Non Verba" ("Deeds Not Words"), the motto of the United States Merchant Marine Academy, founded 1943

Ships & their namesakes[edit]

USS McNulty (DE-581) National Archives

The USS McNulty (DE-581) was a World War II escort destroyer named for Lt. (j.g.) John Thomas McNulty of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (born 23 April 1897), a 24-year naval veteran, who died in combat in World War II while serving on the USS Astoria (CA-34) during the Battle of Savo Island on 9 August 1942.[35][36] The U.S.S. McNulty was sponsored by his widow[37] Helen K. McNulty, and, thereafter, received two battle stars for World War II service.

A Rudderow class destroyer escort, the USS McNulty was laid down on 17 November 1943. When launched on 8 January 1944, the USS McNulty (DE-581) had a length from stern through keel of 306 feet and a displacement of 1450 tons. Her beam was 36 feet and 10 inches, and she had a draft of 9 feet and 8 inches. She had 16 guns, 3 torpedo tubes, 8 depth charge throwers, 2 depth charge racks and 1 Hedgehog depth bomb thrower. Her compliment was 186 men. Her speed was 24 knots.

A completion photograph of the vessel in waters outside Boston Navy Yard on 5 April 1944 appears at section right.

Navy Cross recipients[edit]

Navycross.jpg For "Extraordinary heroism in combat not justifying the Medal of Honor" - the second highest medal of valor awarded to members of the U.S. Navy and its U.S. Marine Corps

  • World War I (U.S. 1917–1918) John McNulty (U.S. Marine Corps) of Revere, Massachusetts, Gunner, U.S. Marine Corps, 66th Company, 6th Machine-Gun Battalion, 6th Regiment (Marines), 2d Division, American Expeditionary Forces, "Navy Cross is presented to John McNulty … for extraordinary heroism … in action between Blanc Mont and St. Etienne, France, October 4, 1918. Although he was severely wounded during an enemy counterattack, Gunner McNulty voluntarily remained on the firing line under heavy artillery and machine-gun fire, operating a machine-gun, the crew of which had all been killed or wounded … until the enemy was repulsed and he was ordered to the rear by his commanding officer …"[38] McNulty was also promoted from 1st Sgt. to Marine Gunner for this heroism at Blanc Mont. He was later in 1921 commissioned a 2nd Lieutenant and retired from the U.S. Marine Corps in 1940 at the rank of major, having served a total 40 years with the Corps.[39]
  • 2nd Nicaraguan Campaign (1927–1933) William K. MacNulty of Willsboro, Pennsylvania (born Antrim, Pennsylvania), Captain, U.S. Marine Corps, 57th Company, 2d Battalion, 11th Regiment, "Navy Cross is presented to William K. MacNulty for distinguished service in the line of his profession as commander of a patrol operating in the vicinity of Bromoderos, Nicaragua, on 27 February 1928. Captain MacNulty, while on a mission assigned by his Battalion Commander, upon receiving word that a platoon of the 57th Company had been ambushed by a numerically superior force, immediately upon his own initiative proceeded to the scene, made a night march over unknown, most difficult terrain, in a bandit-infested area. Upon arrival at the spot, Captain MacNulty disposed his patrol with such military ability and strategy as to successfully defeat and put to rout the bandit force, thereby saving the lives of the remaining few of the beleaguered patrol, which were at that time greatly outnumbered."[40]

U.S. Navy recipients of the Distinguished Service Cross[edit]

Distinguished Service Cross (United States) For "Distinguishes himself by extraordinary heroism not justifying the Medal of Honor" - a second highest medal of valor that may be awarded U.S. Marines

U.S. Navy recipients of the Distinguished Flying Cross[edit]

Dfc-usa.jpg For "Heroism and extraordinary achievement while participating in an actual flight"

U.S. Navy Silver Star recipients[edit]

Silver Star medal.png For "gallantry in action against an enemy of the United States"

  • William K. MacNulty (USMC, World War I)
  • Sgt. John McNulty (U.S. Marine Corps) (World War I) was awarded two Silver Stars each for separate actions and each of these actions distinct from his 4 October 1918 valiantness between Blanc Mont and St. Etienne, France, for which as also noted in this article, this Sgt. John McNulty was awarded both the Navy Cross and the Distinguished Service Cross.[47] 1."By direction of the President, under the provisions of the act of Congress approved July 9, 1918 (Bul. No. 43, W.D. 1918), Gunner John McNulty (MCSN: 150063), United States Marine Corps, is cited by the Commanding General, SECOND DIVISION, American Expeditionary Forces, for gallantry in action and a silver star may be placed upon the ribbon of the Victory Medals awarded him. Gunner McNulty distinguished himself while serving with the 66th Company, Fifth Regiment (Marines), 2d Division, American Expeditionary Forces at Chateau-Thierry, France, 6 June to 10 July 1918." (FIRST Citation)[48][49] 2."By direction of the President, under the provisions of the act of Congress approved July 9, 1918 (Bul. No. 43, W.D., 1918), Gunner John McNulty (MCSN: 150063), United States Marine Corps, is cited by the Commanding General, SECOND Division, American Expeditionary Forces, for gallantry in action and a silver star may be placed upon the ribbon of the Victory Medals awarded him. Gunner McNulty distinguished himself while serving with the Sixth Machine-Gun Battalion, 2d Division, American Expeditionary Forces at Blanc Mont, France, 1–10 October 1918." (SECOND Citation)[48]
  • Thomas Arne McNulty (1938-2005)[50]
  • 1st Sgt. Thomas J. McNulty, U.S. Marine Corps (World War I) was awarded the silver star, after during the Battle of Belleau Wood being "badly wounded while leading and encouraging men of his company, displaying courage of the highest order."[51][52][53]
  • Maj. William McNulty U.S. Marine Corps (World War II) Citation: "The President of the United States of America takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star to Major William McNulty (MCSN: 0-6303), United States Marine Corps Reserve, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity while attached to the Third Battalion, First Marines, FIRST Marine Division, in combat against enemy Japanese forces on Cape Gloucester, New Britain, 27 and 28 December 1943. When the left assault company lost contact with the unit on its right, Major McNulty courageously worked his way alone through enemy territory despite hostile fire and succeeded in locating the endangered troops. Guiding them to a strategic position which closed the gap in our lines, he skillfully disposed his men along the battalion's left flank to provide protection against counterattack. The next day when the objective had been reached, he again visited the front lines and, exposing himself to enemy fire, aided the commanding officer in reorganizing the troops and protecting the battalion's left flank. By his timely assistance and outstanding tactical skill, Major McNulty contributed to the success of this hazardous operation, and his heroic conduct was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service"[54][55]
  • Lt. Thomas G. Nulty (USMC) (Vietnam War) Citation: "The President of the United States of America takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star to First Lieutenant Thomas G. Nulty (MCSN: 0-104424), United States Marine Corps, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action … he disregarded his own safety as he moved across the fire-swept terrain to the casualties and after a hasty examination, directed the corpsman to attend the most critically wounded men first. Seemingly oblivious to the enemy rounds impacting above him, First Lieutenant Nulty commenced treating the less serious casualties and while so engaged, was extensively wounded in his left arm. Although fully realizing the very real possibility of losing his arm without immediate medical attention, he nevertheless valiantly remained in his dangerously exposed position to encourage the casualties and to continue his lifesaving efforts to the best of his now limited ability. Determined to rout the enemy, he mustered the unwounded Marines near him and directed a grenade attack against the hostile positions which was so accurate and vigorous that the North Vietnamese Army soldiers were forced to retreat, thus enabling the other Marines to evacuate the casualties and providing his Company with the opportunity to trap the enemy in an encircling movement. While simultaneously directing the fire of his men and supervising the evacuation of the wounded men. First Lieutenant Nulty sustained a serious leg wound but, although unable to walk and suffering intense pain, steadfastly refused to leave his position on the battlefield until he had directed the medical evacuation of all the other casualties …"[56] A career Marine, Nulty was confirmed to rank of Lt. Col. in 1983 by a unanimous vote of U.S. Senate.[57]

U.S. Navy recipient of the U.S. Coast Guard Lifesaving Medal[edit]

Silverlife.gif U.S. Coast Guard Silver Lifesaving Medal

James McNulty (USN) received the U.S. Coast Guard Lifesaving Medal. While McNulty was serving on the USS Thatcher (DD-162), he saved the life of fireman 2nd class Frank E. Honyotski (USN). While the Thatcher was moored at Berth 9, Mare Island Straits, California on July 5, 1921, seaman Honyotski was accidentally knocked overboard from her deck and could not swim against the strong flood tides surrounding the ship. McNulty unhesitatingly and at great personal risk leaped overboard and kept Honyotski afloat until both were rescued. For this feat, McNulty received the Silver Lifesaving Medal on February 17, 1922.[58][59]

U.S. Navy pilots and field surgeons fallen in action[edit]

  • Ensign Frank Bacon McNulty, Jr. (USN) crashed into the South Pacific Ocean while piloting his TBM Avenger (1C) torpedo bomber on 10 August 1944, the last day of the Second Battle of Guam.[60] The Ensign (rank) crashed into the same ocean (South Pacific Ocean) in the same year (1944) of the same war (WWII) and while flying the same make of plane (TBM Avenger) as did Lt. (j.g.) George H.W. Bush. George H.W. Bush however survived to become the 41st President of the United States. Frank Bacon McNulty, Jr. was the son of Dr. and Mrs. Frank Bacon McNulty, Sr., 223 Cathedral Mansions, Ellsworth Ave., Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania and a class of '43 Duke University alumnus.[61][62]
  • Lt. J. J. McNulty (USN) was killed on take-off during World War II on 27 April 1944 while piloting his PV-1 Ventura antisubmarine patrol aircraft and lost in the Pacific off the Aleutian Islands with all hands. The crash was attributed to engine failure.[63][64]
  • Eldon Halgene McAnulty, Pharmacists Mate (Hospital Corpsman), (USNR), died in line of duty during World War II on June 15, 1944 in the English Channel.[65]
  • 1st Lt. Milton Keith McNulty (USMCR) of Palmdale, California (1937-1968) was killed in action during the Vietnam War while piloting his Douglas F3D Skynight (-2) night fighter (the only Korean War era jet fighter to fly in Vietnam). He died after a nighttime mission flying electronic countermeasures to jam radar to suppress enemy surface-to-air missiles (SAM) fire. The 1st Lieutenant crashed into the sea off Da Nang, South Vietnam. He was killed along with CWO Vernard Jay Small. Vietnam Veterans Memorial Wall, National Mall, Washington, D.C., Panel 02E, Row 046.[66][67]
  • Corpsman William Francis McNulty (1946-1970), a U.S. Navy “Doc” transferred to Medical Field Service, U.S. Marine Corps, 5th Marine Regiment, 2nd Battalion, was killed by landmine in Quang Nam, Vietnam while treating battlefield wounded. He was the brother of U.S. Representative Michael R. McNulty. Vietnam Veterans Memorial Wall, National Mall, Washington, D.C., Panel 08W, Row 098.[68][69]

In U.S. Army history[edit]

World War II field commanders[edit]

  • Lt. Col. William A. McNulty of Roanoke City, Virginia (1910–2005) was a battalion commander of General George S. Patton's 3rd Army command. Lt. Col. McNulty was commanding officer of the 3rd Battalion, 301st Infantry Regiment, 94th Infantry Division, which in face of withering defensive artillery, tank, antitank and machine gun fire and with McNulty heroically at its lead,[70] forded in the dead of winter on 23 February 1945 the icy and swollen Saar River in southwest Germany at the then Siegfried Line to become the first Third Army (United States) troops to enter upon German soil, seizing the east bank German city of Serrig and establishing the vital bridgehead, which the balance of the Third Army used to sweep into the German Saarland,[71][72] thereafter, taking the German cities of Trier, Coblenz, Bingen, Worms, Mainz. Kaiserslautern and Ludwigshafen, while killing or wounding 99,000 German troops and capturing another 140,112 of them, which represented virtually all of the remnants of the German First Army and the German Seventh Army.[73]

World War I field commanders[edit]

  • U.S. Army First Lieutenant Herman L. McNulty, DSC, of Huntington, West Virginia at the head of his company and close upon a barrage led the advance of the company toward a point of offensive troop consolidation. Wounded in the leg by a machine-gun bullet, he refused to be evacuated. After having his wound simply bound up, he continued in advance of his company, his personal valor inspiring his men to achieve their objective of reaching the point of troop consolidation. Lieutenant McNulty continued to voluntarily remain on duty not only until the objective was achieved, but also consolidated. He subsequently died of his wound, likely, from femoral artery bleeding. For his "extraordinary heroism" in this action near Remonville, France on 1 November 1918, Lieutenant Herman L. McNulty of the 354th Infantry Regiment, 89th Division, American Expeditionary Forces was posthumously awarded the Distinguished Service Cross (United States).[74][75][76]

U.S. Civil War field commanders[edit]

Mexican-American War field commanders[edit]

U.S. Army recipients of the Distinguished Service Cross[edit]

Distinguished Service Cross (United States) For "Distinguishes himself by extraordinary heroism not justifying the Medal of Honor" - the second highest medal for valor awarded to members of the U.S. Army

Prisoners on the march from Bataan to the prison camp, May 1942. (National Archives).
  • Pvt. Clarence J. McNulty (World War I), U.S. Army, Medical Detachment, 128th Infantry Regiment, 32d Division, American Expeditionary Forces, Date of Action: 7 October 1918, Citation: "The Distinguished Service Cross is presented to Clarence J. McNulty, Private, U.S. Army, for extraordinary heroism in action near Gesnes, France, October 7, 1918. When his battalion was forced to retire under heavy artillery and machine-gun fire, Private McNulty, accompanied by Private William A. Jacobson, went out in front of the battalion, administering first aid and bringing in the wounded who had been left lying in exposed positions. While they were carrying back a wounded soldier, Private Jacobson was wounded, whereupon Private McNulty alone carried the wounded man to the dressing station and then immediately returned to assist Private Jacobson."[99][100][101]
  • Lt. Herman L. McNulty (World War I), American Expeditionary Forces, killed in action
  • 1st Sgt. William B. McNulty (World War II),[102] McNulty was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross (United States) for his extraordinary heroism, exemplary leadership and achievement in spearheading an attack against the Japanese early at the Battle of Bataan, which occurred in the Philippines from 22 December through 9 April 1941. During the U.S. forces' delaying action at the Layac Line, 1st Sgt. William McNulty led the point squad more than 100 yards in front of Capt. Thompson's L Company as it advanced against the Japanese into heavy fire. L Company succeeded in scattering and stalling the Japanese forces on the right, thereby, forcing them to continue their advance to the left into Bataan's formidable mountain spine where the 26th U.S. Calvalry awaited them on high ground, though the Japanese did eventually force this body's and the 31st Regiment's withdrawal.[103] Sgt. McNulty sadly did not survive the war. He perished in Japanese captivity in the subsequent Bataan Death March or at Camp O'Donnell, (section "History"), the final stop on the Bataan Death March, where 21,600 Filipino and American held captive by the Japanese died with many beheaded in front of open graves.[104]

U.S. Army recipient of the Distinguished Flying Cross[edit]

Dfc-usa.jpg For "Heroism and extraordinary achievement while participating in an actual flight"

  • Capt. John Thomas McNulty of Savannah, Georgia (USAAF) (1916-2008) was a lead pilot with the Eighth Air Force during World War II. He was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross (United States), the Air Medal with 4 Oak leaf clusters and a Presidential Unit Citation.[105] The “Mighty Eighth” bombed Leipzig (1944), devastating the German aircraft industry, it conducted the first daylight bombing raids over the German capitol of Berlin (1944), dropping over 4800 tons of high explosive on the city in just the first week of March 1944, the 8th bombed Northern France in prelude to Operation Overlord (D-Day), and after D-Day brought about the complete destruction of the German Luftwaffe and ruled the skies over Europe thereafter, bombing German targets at will and completely destroying the German oil industry. At its peak, the Eighth Air force comprised 200,000 personnel, 40 heavy bomber groups, fifteen fighter groups and four specialized support groups. It could send 2000 heavy four engine bombers and 1000 fighters on a single mission against multiple Axis powers targets. Half of the U.S. Army Air Force's casualties in World War II were suffered by Eighth Air Force (more than 47,000 casualties, with more than 26,000 dead).
  • 1st Lt. Kneeland McNulty (USAAF) (Born 1921, Soochow, China), WII[106]
  • Mark E. McNulty (USAAF) (1920-2007), WWII, B-26 pilot[107]
  • 1st Lt. William B. McNulty (USAAF), WWII, 373rd Bomber Squadron, 308th Heavy Bomber Group, MIA February 11, 1945 (presumed dead)[108]

U.S. Army Silver Star recipients[edit]

Silver Star medal.png For "gallantry in action against an enemy of the United States"

  • Harold McAnulty (World War II)[109][110]
  • Lt. Col. James M. McNulty, Jr. (U.S. Army Air Force) (World War II) Lt. Col. James Matthew McNulty, Jr. was awarded the Silver Star for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action.[111][112] The reason for this award, resulted from orders of the Army Air Force's Iceland headquarters, is not certain.[113] Luftwaffe reports, however, record that, then, First Lieutenant J. M. McNulty and his copilot Second Lieutenant Stenmgle of the U.S. 50th Fighter Squadron shot down a Luftwaffe reconnaissance aircraft in aerial combat over Keflavik, Iceland at 1406 hours on 24 April 1943.[114][115]
  • PFC Lyle E. McNulty (World War II)[116] Citation: "The President of the United States of America, authorized by Act of Congress July 9, 1918, takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star to Private First Class Lyle E. McNulty (ASN: 37558761), United States Army, for gallantry in action while serving with Headquarters Company, 242d Infantry Regiment, 42d Infantry Division. On 9 January 1945, near Hatten, France, when wire communications between two battalions were disrupted, Private McNulty with other members of the crew repeatedly re-established communications by laying wire under intense enemy artillery and mortar fire."[117][118]
  • Capt. Peter H. McNulty (United States Army Air Service) (World War I) Pilot, 88th Aero Squadron, American Expeditionary Forces, for distinguishing himself by gallantry in flight in action near Dun-Sur-Meuse, France 28 October 1918 while on photographic mission.[119] Peter McNulty began piloting with the United States Army Air Services’ predecessor the Aviation Section, U.S. Signal Corps (1914-1918). He was the son of New York State Senator and New York National Guard Major Peter H. McNulty (1818-1902).[120][121] Other McNulty, serving with this inaugural U.S. air force, the Aviation Section of the United States Army Signal Corps, were Lieutenants James P. McNulty and Lloyd T. McNulty, transferred from the Medical Reserve Corps.[122][123]
  • Robert W. McNulty (Korean War)[124][125]
  • Warren E. McNulty (World War II)[126]
  • CPL William McNulty (WWI), 10th Field Artillery Regiment[127]
  • Lt. Col. (later Colonel) William Anderson McNulty (World War II) Citation: "The President of the United States of America, authorized by Act of Congress, July 9, 1918, takes pleasure in presenting the Silver Star to Lieutenant Colonel (Infantry) William A. McNulty (ASN: 0-18871), United States Army, for gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with Headquarters, 301st Infantry Regiment, 94th Infantry Division, in action in Germany, on 23 February 1945. Colonel McNulty, after making a personal reconnaissance of the crossing site, fearlessly led the assault elements of his command across the Saar River near Serrig, Germany. Inspiring his men by his gallant leadership, he pressed forward in the face of withering enemy fire and directed the capture of the town of Serrig and the establishment of a vital bridgehead. Colonel McNulty's utter disregard for his own safety and courageous, aggressive actions reflect great credit upon himself and the military service."[128][129] The Colonel was also awarded the Legion of Merit.[130]
  • Hubert E. Nulty (World War II), “for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action against the enemy”[131][132]

Recipients of the Soldier's Medal[edit]

SoldMedal.gif For "Distinguishing oneself by heroism not involving actual conflict with an enemy"

  • 1st Lt. Charles See McNulty, Jr. (1914-1995), the brother of Col. William A. McNulty (1910-2005), for actions during World War II, also, Purple Heart[133]
  • CWO Thomas M. McNulty (1957-2015), served as either an attack or medivac helicopter pilot in Bosnia, Iraq, and Afghanistan[134]

Recipient of the Medal of Freedom[edit]

Medaloffreedom.jpg For "A meritorious act or service which has aided the United States in the prosecution of a war against an enemy or enemies"

In United States Air Force history[edit]

This section memorializes personnel of the United States Air Force (Estab. 1947). For personnel of the predecessor Aviation Section, U.S. Signal Corps (1914-1918), United States Army Air Service (1918-1926), United States Army Air Corps (1926-1941) or the United States Army Air Force (1941-1947), see Section "In U.S. Army history" above. Pioneer military aviators, the McNulty have served as pilots and flight surgeons with U.S. air forces since their inauguration as the Aviation Section of the U.S. Army Signal Corps.

Squadron commanders[edit]

C-119s drop paratroopers of the 187th Airborne Regimental Combat Team over Korea during the Korean war.
61st Airlift Squadron.jpg
Air Force PUC
Distinguished Unit Citation Ribbon

Maj. Gerald M. McNulty (USAF) commanded the 61st Airlift Squadron (the Green Hornets) of the 314th Airlift Wing during the highly successful 20 October 1950 U.N. airborne invasion of Sukchon and Sunchon, North Korea. The 61st Airlift Squadron received the Distinguished Unit Citation for extraordinary heroism in action against an armed enemy of the United States for its actions during the Korean War while under Maj. McNulty’s command.[139] For award of the Distinguished Unit Citation, the collective degree of valor (combat heroism) against an armed enemy by the unit nominated must be the same as that which would warrant an individual award of the Air Force Cross. The 314th successfully accomplished the aerial invasion by having its pilots, including Maj. McNulty's Green Hornets, fly their unarmed Fairchild C-119 Flying Boxcar at extreme low altitude during the invasion for drop precision while exposing their craft to withering enemy ground fire. The 314th Airlift Wing dropped 2,800 paratroopers of the 187th Airborne Infantry Regiment and 300 tons of war materials.

During the Korean War, U.N. forces, including U.S. armed forces, were pitted against North Korean and, later, also mainland Chinese communist forces. Prior to this airborne assault, the 1950 U.N. offensive in Korea had already resulted in the U.N. capture of the North Korean capital of Pyongyang. 30 miles north of Pyongyang, however, there still sat the heavily fortified and armed enemy positions at Sukchon and Sunchon. The unexpected U.N. precision airborne assault of Sukchon and Sunchon set the cities’ North Korean defenders back on their heels and reeling toward the Chinese border, abandoning strongly fortified positions and leaving behind loaded weapons with ammunition stockpiles beside them. One day later, on 21 October 1950, UN forces out of Pyongyang were able to link with the paratroopers of the 187th Airborne Regimental Combat Team to consolidate the position. The 314th Airlift Wing continued to bring in supplies thereafter to fortify the U.N. position. 4,000 more troops and 600 more tons of jeeps, trucks, howitzers and other war materials were airlifted.[140]

Maj. McNulty had earlier served as operations officer of the United States Army Air Force’s 668th Bomb Squadron, flying A-26 Invader bomber missions over the coasts of France and the Low Countries during World War II. Many of the highly experienced pilots of the 668th flew 60 or more bombing missions in the European theatre of World War II. The life expectancy of an Allied bomber crewman flying bomber missions over Europe during World War II was just 12 missions. McNulty arrived at the 668th at the rank of captain and already a seasoned aerial combatant.[141][142][143]

USAF recipient of the Distinguished Flying Cross[edit]

Dfc-usa.jpg For "Heroism and extraordinary achievement while participating in an actual flight"

  • Maj. Gerald M. McNulty (USAAF, USAF) (WWII, Korean War)[144]
  • Captain Richard “Dick” McNulty (Vietnam War), squadron leader, citation: “for heroism”[145]

USAF Silver Star recipient[edit]

Silver Star medal.png For "gallantry in action against an enemy of the United States"

  • Captain Richard “Dick” McNulty (Vietnam War), squadron leader[145]

Missing in action[edit]

F-80Cs of the 8th Fighter-Bomber Group Korean War
  • 1st Lieutenant Richard L. McNulty (born 1929) was originally with the Rhode Island Air National Guard, but became a U.S. Air Force F-80 Pilot with the 8th Fighter-Bomber Wing, 80th Fighter-Bomber Squadron at outbreak of the Korean War. While during the Korean War flying wing for his squadron leader and major, McNulty was credited with a confirmed kill of a technically superior Russian MiG-15 and awarded the Air Medal for a single act of heroism. During the entire Korean War, fewer than 6 MiG-15s were shot down by these even then archaic and outclassed World War II era design Lockheed F-80 Shooting Stars, the first jet fighters ever used operationally by the old United States Army Air Force. McNulty later received two oak leaf clusters for two subsequent awards of the Air Medal. The primary mission of fighter-bomber squadron is to fly ground troop support against communication and supply lines at low altitude, over often difficult terrain, often, also, in midst of heavy anti-aircraft fire and while laden with high explosives and napalm. 1st Lt. McNulty failed to return from a January, 1952 mission against Yangdok, North Korea. It is believed that he was shot down by Soviet MiG-15 ace Sergei Kramarenko. The Lieutenant left a daughter Karen, and a son, Patrick, who was born while the Lieutenant was serving in Korea and who the Lieutenant had never seen.[146]
B-26 Invader on a bombing run over Korea
  • John William McNulty, Airman First Class, was a tail gunner on B-26 Invader bomber with the 729th Bombardment Squadron of the 452nd Bombardment Group during the Korean War. Airman McNulty was awarded the Air Medal and the Purple Heart. On night mission on 19 July 1951 contact was lost with his aircraft between Kunu-ri and Kangye, North Korea. McNulty was listed as missing in action and presumed dead on December 31, 1953. His remains have never been recovered. John William McNulty’s name is inscribed on the Courts of the Missing at the Honolulu, Hawaii Memorial.[147]

US Armed Forces recipients of the Legion of Merit[edit]

Legionnaire of the Legion of Merit.jpg For "Exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services and achievements"

Buried at Arlington National Cemetery[edit]

In U.S. military intelligence service & U.S. intelligence and classified operations[edit]

Pioneer computer programmer Kathleen McNulty hands a print-out of ENIAC results to its inventors Pres Eckert (left) and John Mauchly (right) in a newsreel dating from 1946. Until this time, ENIAC was classified U.S. Army Project PX. ENIAC was later used in the early 1950s to perform calculations for development of the hydrogen bomb. Kathleen McNulty programmed ENIAC from 1945-1948.
SOG hidden.jpg

On CIA Memorial Wall[edit]

The CIA Memorial Wall with 83 stars. One of these stars honors Wayne J. McNulty.
The CIA Book of Honor for 1950–2005, with entries corresponding to the Wall. The 5th entry down in the second column of the open page on the reader's left is for the 1968 death of Wayne J. McNulty.

"In Honor of those Members of the Central Intelligence Agency Who Gave Their Lives in the Service of Their Country"

103 stars representing Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) agents who died in service of their country are carved into the Memorial's white Vermont marble on the north wall of the original CIA headquarters building. One of these stars honors CIA case officer or senior operative Wayne J. McNulty of the CIA's paramilitary Special Activities Division, National Clandestine Service (responsible for covert operations). In 1968, during the "Secret War" in Laos, Hmong forces discovered a cache of North Vietnamese Army (NVA) weapons during cleanup operations. W.J. McNulty was killed by NVA ground fire while flying with Air America (airline) helicopters to seize and retrieve the weapons. McNulty was the first C.I.A. operative to be killed in Laos.[179][180]

A World War II veteran Wayne J. McNulty (1921-1968) was recruited to the CIA in early 1968 from U.S. Army Special Forces (Green Berets Airborne), where he had served for much of his 28 years in the U.S. Army. He retired from the service at the rank of Lieutenant Colonel before commencing work with the CIA and dying in the Agency's service less than a year later. For years the non-official cover for McNulty’s death was that he accidentally died while a private citizen working as a contract adviser to the Thailand National Police.[181][182]

World War II and post World War II Heroes of British and Commonwealth forces[edit]

Citation:

"On the 11th May, 1969 a platoon of A Company was pinned down in a heavy contact against an enemy battalion headquarters position. The platoon commander was seriously wounded ten yards in front of the enemy position and could not be extracted despite several frontal attacks. Sergeant McNulty, leading eleven men, made repeated attempts over a period of five hours to outflank the enemy and assault from the rear. Each attempt was met by heavy and accurate rocket, claymore, and machine gun fire. Despite the risk of almost certain death or wounding, Sergeant McNulty could not be deterred in his efforts to rescue the platoon commander. He finally succeeded in getting himself and a soldier with a flame thrower into a position from which effective fire could be delivered into the enemy long enough to achieve the recovery of the officer.
"In July, 1969, Sergeant McNulty was an adviser with a company of the Army of The Republic of Vietnam. The company came under sudden and heavy attack from an enemy company. The violence of the initial enemy rocket and machine gun fire caused seven casualties and created confusion amongst the friendly troops. Without regard for his own safety Sergeant McNulty advised and assisted the company commander in the organisation of his defences and the collection and evacuation of the wounded. As the enemy attack intensified Sergeant McNulty called for and calmly directed for several hours helicopter gunships and artillery, forcing the enemy to withdraw. His personal courage and professional advice was responsible for saving the South Vietnamese troops from further severe casualties and the possibility of being overrun by the enemy assault.
"In August, 1969, Sergeant McNulty's platoon was engaged in two separate major contacts with superior size enemy forces entrenched in bunkers. On both occasions Sergeant McNulty inspired all ranks with his aggressiveness and courage which by now had become expected of him in all contacts with the enemy. On 21 August 1969 while attacking an enemy battalion position, over fifteen members of his platoon including Sergeant McNulty were wounded. Sergeant McNulty covered the withdrawal of other members of his platoon, assisted in their evacuation and was finally wounded a second time during his own evacuation.
"Sergeant McNulty's outstanding conduct and personal courage has been inspirational to all members of his battalion and to South Vietnamese allies. His exemplary actions reflect great credit on himself, The Royal Australian Regiment and the Australian Army."[183]
Citation: "On the night of 10/11 December 1952, Sergeant McNulty commanded the reserve section and the assault pioneer group of the force which assaulted enemy positions on 'Flora' (CT 161208). As the force approached the objective it came under heavy enemy small arms and grenade fire. It quickly became apparent that the enemy holding the position was in far greater strength than anticipated. Sergeant McNulty's force was immediately committed in a mopping-up role. With his small party he searched for and located many enemy shelters and bunkers, inflicting casualties and serious material damage on the enemy. It was due to his energetic and courageous action during this period that many enemy posts, which had been bypassed in the initial assault, were destroyed, thus keeping friendly casualties to a minimum. As his force cleared the objective, an enemy machine-gun opened up, wounding one man. Sergeant McNulty helped to move the wounded man to safety but, in doing so, was struck by a bullet, which was fortunately deflected by his armored jacket. With complete disregard for his own safety and despite being shaken by his near miss, he personally assaulted the position with grenades and killed the crew. He then began the collection of wounded in the area, moving freely through the enemy defensive fire that was now beginning to fall. When the order for the withdrawal was given, Sergeant McNulty checked his troops through and waited until all had cleared the position before he himself withdrew from the area. Through his personal courage and disregard for his own safety he significantly contributed to maintaining the momentum of the assault. He set a splendid example to his men and infused them with a determination which contributed largely to the success of the operation."[184][185]
  • Air Crew Wireless Officer Gordon Patrick McNulty, DFC (1920–2011) Royal Canadian Air Force, World War II, Distinguished Flying Cross (United Kingdom), "for an act or acts of valour, courage or devotion to duty whilst flying in active operations against the enemy"[186][187]
  • Flight Lt. Patrick Joseph McNulty, DFC (1922-1945) Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF), KIA, WWII, Distinguished Flying Cross (United Kingdom), for gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations, citation: "completed numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which he has invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty"[188][189][190]

Died valorously in action[edit]

These airmen repeatedly went to the sky in defense of their country, family and other loved ones knowing that the life expectancy of an Allied bomber crewman flying in the European Theater during World War II was 12 missions and for a tail gunner like Peter McNulty much, much shorter.[193]

Places & their namesakes[edit]

This is a nighttime view of McNulty Hall, which is Seton Hall University's Technology and Research Center. The famed "Atom Wall" mural, depicting God, gifting scientific knowledge to man, can be viewed in the building's atrium. McNulty Hall also houses an observatory and large amphitheater.
The McAnulty School of Liberal Arts building at Duquesne University.

McNulty rhyolite[edit]

Found in a single location on the earth's surface, that is McNulty Gulch near Leadville Colorado, McNulty rhyolite is a comparatively rare gem rock quality variety of rhyolite rock. McNulty rhyolite appears in the official U.S. Department of Interior, United States Geological Survey Lexicon of Geological Names of the United States.[201]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Robert Bell; The book of Ulster Surnames, page 180. The Blackstaff Press, 2003. ISBN 0-85640-602-3
  2. ^ Neafsey, Edward (2002). The Surnames of Ireland: Origins and Numbers of Selected Irish Surnames. Irish Roots. p. 168. ISBN 9780940134973. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Origin of the Surname, McNulty, and its Association with the McDonlevys/Dunleavys of County Down, Appendix 1, by Paul B. McNulty, Emeritus Professor, University College Dublin
  4. ^ Robert Bell; The book of Ulster Surnames, page 60. The Blackstaff Press, 2003. ISBN 0-85640-602-3
  5. ^ a b P. Hanks and F. Hodges, A Dictionary of Surnames, Oxford, Oxford University Press, ©1988, ISBN 0-19-211592-8, pp. 366-7
  6. ^ a b c Rev. Patrick Woulfe, Priest of the Diocese of Limerick, Member of the Council, National Academy of Ireland, Irish Names and Surnames, © 1967 Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, in Irish and English, pp. 125, 141, 319 and 356 (anglicized from Irish "Ónultaċáin", at Mac Duinnshléibhe)
  7. ^ a b Encyclopedia of American Family Names, H. Robb and A. Chesler, © 1995, New England Publishing Associates, Inc. (Harper Collins) ISBN 978-0-06-270075-9, p. 488
  8. ^ P. Hanks and F. Hodges, A Dictionary of Surnames, Oxford, Oxford University Press, ©1988, ISBN 0-19-211592-8, p 361
  9. ^ Passenger and Immigration Lists Index, P. William Filby and Mary K. Meyer, editors, in 3 volumes with subsequent annual bound supplements, © 1981 Detroit: Gale Research Company, Vol. 2 (H-N), p. 1412 McNulty, Dan'l (Philadelphia 1802), McNulty, James (Philadelphia 1813), McNulty, Sarah (New York 1823 with 3 children), p. 1539 Naulty, James (Philadelphia 1832), p. 1568 Nulty, Eugenius (Philadelphia 1834)
  10. ^ New World Immigrants, Michael Tepper ed., (c) 1979 Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., in 2 volumes, Volume II, Passenger Lists Published in the Shamrock or Irish Chronicle, for arrivals in New York, New York (before time of first official government compilations of arrival lists for port of New York), (1811) p. 339, Mac annulty, James, noted arriving in New York, New York and (1815–1816) p. 359 , MacAnalty, Patrick of Sligo, noted arriving in New York, New York, p. 362, MacNulty, Wm. of Tauley, noted arriving in New York, New York and from British Museum Transcripts, p. 313, McNalty, Hugh of Bangor, County Down, noted in 1806 departing Ulster for U.S. port unspecified
  11. ^ Ship Passenger Lists, National and New England (1600–1825), ed. Carl Boyer, Newhall, California, (c) 1977, ISBN 0-936124-00-8, p. 121, again, McNalty, Hugh, of Bangor, County Down, noted in 1806 departing Ulster for U.S. port
  12. ^ The Famine Immigrants - Lists of Irish Immigrants Arriving at the Port of New York, 1846–1851, in multiple volumes, Ira A. Glazier, editor, © 1983 Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., ISBN 0-8063-1024-3, Vol. 1 (January 1846 – June 1847), Mcanulty pp. 27, 372, 424, 559, Mcnalty pp. 259, 410, 461, 501, Mcnulty pp. 49, 63, 67, 68, 74, 93, 94, 110, 139, 148, 151, 187, 211, 230, 250, 255, 292, 308, 332, 343, 363, 388, 403, 411, 423, 461, 468, 489, 516, 537, 544, 554, 576, 604, 617, Nulty pp. 14, 67, 101, 146, 150, 173, 185, 188, 200, 231, 455, 498, 533, 605, Vol. 2 (July 1847-June 1848) Mcanulty pp 252, 382, Mcnalty p. 256, Mcnaulty pp. 16, 138, Mcnultay p. 521, Mcnulty pp. 12, 18, 21, 94, 114, 120, 172, 201, 278, 282, 292, 451, 468, 507, 508, Nulty pp. 10, 45, 53, 89, 137, 293, 373, 375, 414, 450, 459
  13. ^ Passenger and Immigration Lists Index, P. William Filby and Mary K. Meyer, editors, in 3 volumes with subsequent annual bound supplements, © 1981 Detroit: Gale Research Company, Vol. 2 (H-N), pp. 1412 , 1539 , and 1568
  14. ^ [1]
  15. ^ [2], Australia Joint Copying Project, microfilm roll 92, class piece number HO 11/15, page number 11 (7) from British convict transport registers 1787-1867 data base compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office, China departed Scotland 3 January 1846
  16. ^ sofeminine.co.uk surnames
  17. ^ "A note on the simultaneous occurrence of sinus and ventricular rhythm in man", Lewis T, Macnalty AS, J Physiol. 1908 Dec 15;37(5-6):445-58
  18. ^ [3] Douglas Martin "Barney McNulty Dies at 77, First to Use TV Cue Cards", NY Times, Arts, 26 December 2000
  19. ^ [4] Myrna Oliver "Barney McNulty; ‘Hollywood’s Honored King of the Cue Cards’" Los Angeles Times 22 December 2000
  20. ^ Dictionary of National Biography, Vol. 35 MacCarwell - Maltby (Sidney Lee Ed.). (1893). New York: MacMillan & Co., p. 52, "As the family originally came from Ulidia, the lesser Uladh, or Ulster, the members of the family are often called in Irish writings, instead of MacDonlevy, Ultach, that is, Ulsterman, and from this the name of MacNulty, Mac an Ultaigh, son of the Ulsterman, is derived."
  21. ^ [5]
  22. ^ https://www.facebook.com/McNultyMexico
  23. ^ "Nulty resigns over 'inappropriate' Facebook messages". RTÉ News. 23 March 2014. 
  24. ^ [6] Interlochen Center for the Arts high performing alumni
  25. ^ http://www.midatlanticgateway.com/resourcecenter/results/pages/results_koloff_ivan.htm
  26. ^ James, E.T., James, J.W., and Boyer, P.S. (Eds). Notable American Woman 1607-1950 A Biographical Dictionary (Vol. 1 A-F). © 1971 Cambridge, Massachusetts: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, p. 352
  27. ^ [7] IMDb
  28. ^ Clark G. Reynolds, Famous American Admirals, © 2002, Naval Institute Press, 1st Naval Edition, ISBN 9781557500069, pp. 215-216
  29. ^ [8], Naval History & Heritage Command catalogue of the U.S. Naval War College Library's naval military history source materials collection, Capt. James F. McNulty
  30. ^ Marquis Who's Who in America, Vol. 26 (1950–1952), Chicago, A.N. Marquis Co., © 1950, p. 1709
  31. ^ Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships, James L. Mooney, U.S. Naval Historical Center, ed., (1976) Navy Dept., Office of Chief of Naval Operations, Naval History Division, Vol. 6, p. 6, "Willard J. McNulty"
  32. ^ [9], chronology of commanding officers of the U.S.S. Maury (AGS-16)
  33. ^ Joseph McKenna. (2010). British Ships in the Confederate Navy. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, Inc., p. 189 ISBN 978-0-7864-4530-1
  34. ^ Lewis and Dryden's Marine History of the Pacific Northwest, E.W. Wright, ed., © 1895 Lewis and Dryden Printing Co., p. 93 (including importantly footnotes thereof), available on demand historically replicated in reprint as ISBN 9785884013193
  35. ^ [10] Naval History and Heritage Command history and detail for U.S.S. McNulty
  36. ^ [11] Naval History and Heritage Command , Ship Naming Conventions, adding that United States Navy destroyers are only named for U.S. Naval leaders and war heroes
  37. ^ [12], "MCNULTY, John Thomas, Lieutenant (jg), USN. Wife, Mrs. Helen K. McNulty, 1116 S. Paxon St., Philadelphia."
  38. ^ Authority, citation, Official Records, U.S. Department of Defense (also awarded Distinguished Service Cross (United States) in same action, source War Department: General Order No. 20)
  39. ^ Clark, George B. Decorated marines of the Forth Brigade in WWI © 2007: Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Co., p. 228 ISBN 978-0-7864-2826-7
  40. ^ Authority - USMC Communiqué: 0587-1-3 ACE-fjb (18 July 1930)
  41. ^ [13], Home of Heroes, also, notes award of Navy Cross for same action
  42. ^ [14], synopsis of Navy Cross citation noting rank of Sergeant instead of more specific Gunner or Gunnery
  43. ^ [15]
  44. ^ [16] Gannet Military Times, citing to Jane Blakeney Heroes of the U.S. Marine Corps 1861–1955 (1957) Washington, D.C. Blakeney Publishing
  45. ^ [17], citing Akron Beacon Journal for 11 February 2010
  46. ^ [18]
  47. ^ [19] Gannet Military Times Hall of Valor here providing full citations and general orders for award of all of U.S. Marine Corps Gunnery McNulty's Navy Cross, Distinguished Service Cross and both of his Silver Stars
  48. ^ a b General Orders: Citation Orders, 2d Division, American Expeditionary Forces
  49. ^ Clark, George B. Decorated marines of the Forth Brigade in WWI © 2007: Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Co., p.76 ISBN 978-0-7864-2826-7
  50. ^ [20] Las Vegas Review Journal obituary
  51. ^ Clark, George B. Decorated marines of the Forth Brigade in WWI © 2007: Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Co., p. 167 ISBN 978-0-7864-2826-7
  52. ^ [21] Home of Heroes
  53. ^ [22] Casualties List provided at genealogical site
  54. ^ General Orders: Commander 7th Fleet: Serial 0746
  55. ^ [23] Gannet Military Times Hall of Valor
  56. ^ [24] Gannet Military Times Hall of Valor
  57. ^ [25]
  58. ^ Our Navy (Standard Publication of the United States Navy), Vol. 15, No. 15, April Issue, Washington, D.C.: March 16, 1922, p. 16
  59. ^ Annual Report of the United States Coast Guard for fiscal year ended June 30, 1922, Treasury Department Document No. 2917 (Coast Guard), p. 35, 1922, Washington, D.C., U.S. Govt. Printing Office
  60. ^ [26] Aviation Archeological Investigation and Research
  61. ^ [27], naval service and family info
  62. ^ [28], War Memorial
  63. ^ http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/src/USN/LLApr44.htm Aviation Archeological Investigation & Research
  64. ^ http://www.norpacwar.com/#!pv-1-losses-alaska-and-aleutian-islands/c20jf NORPAC
  65. ^ [29] Oklahoma War Memorial - World War II (monograph) – Part X, p. 75
  66. ^ http://vietnam-casualties.mooseroots.com/l/2719/Milton-Keith-Mcnulty Mooseroots
  67. ^ http://www.ejection-history.org.uk/Aircraft_by_Type/F_3D_Skynight/Douglas_F3.htm Douglas F3D Skynight Losses and Bailouts
  68. ^ https://navy.togetherweserved.com/usn/servlet/tws.webapp.WebApp?cmd=ShadowBoxProfile&type=Person&ID=355630 The Military Honor Wall
  69. ^ [30] Congressional Record, May 20, 2004, p. 10739
  70. ^ citation text of General Orders: Headquarters, 3d Army, General Order No. 158 (2 July 1945), awarding Lt. Col. William A. McNulty the Silver Star
  71. ^ Tony Le Tissier Patton's Pawns The 94th U.S. Infantry Division at the Siegfried Line (2007) University of Alabama Press, Chapter 8 "Crossing the Saar" (commencing at p. 147) p. 158
  72. ^ again, citation text of General Orders: Headquarters, 3d Army, General Order No. 158 (2 July 1945), awarding Lt. Col. William A. McNulty the Silver Star
  73. ^ See, generally, D'Este, Carlo (1995), Patton: A Genius for War, New York City, New York: Harper Collins, ISBN 0-06-016455-7
  74. ^ General Orders 87, United States Department of War, 1919
  75. ^ [31] Home of Heroes
  76. ^ [32] genealogy site detail
  77. ^ Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. (1902). Part 1 Register of the Commandery of the State of Pennsylvania, April 15, 1865 – September 1, 1902. (J.P. Nicholson, Compiler). Philadelphia: Press of J.T. Palmer, p. 99 (Google digitized 23 Oct. 2008), "James Madison McNulty Major and Surgeon 1st California Infantry Aug. 15, 1861; discharged to accept appointment in U.S. Volunteers April 16, 1863, Major and surgeon U.S. Volunteers; resigned and honorably discharged Feb. 5 1865. Brevetted Lieut.-Colonel U.S. Volunteers March 13, 1865, ‘for faithful and meritorious services as Medical Director of the department of New Mexico;’ Colonel March 13, 1865, ‘for gallant and distinguished services as Medical Director of the 2nd Army Corps.’"
  78. ^ United States Congress, Senate. (1887). Journal of the Executive Proceedings of the Senate of the United States, Vol. 14, Part 1. Washington, D.C.: United States Government Printing Office, pp. 321, 344 and 372 (Google digitized 15 October 2008)
  79. ^ Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. (1906). Register of the Military Order of the Loyal Legions of the United States. (J.H. Aubin, Compiler) published under auspices of Commandery of the State of Massachusetts, p.155 (Google digitized 16 October 2009)
  80. ^ a b c [33] Francis B. Heitman. 1903. Historical Register and Dictionary of the United States Army. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, p.680
  81. ^ Duis, E. The Good Old Times In McLean County Illinois © 1992 Bowie, Maryland: Heritage Books, Inc., p. 858 (facsimile reprint of work originally published in 1874 at Bloomington, Illinois by Leader Publishing and Printing House)
  82. ^ (1908) New York University, General Alumni Catalogue of New York University 1833-1907, Vol. 3, Medical Alumni, New York: General Alumni Society, p. 41 (Google digitized 25 March 2008), "1853 University Medical College John McNulty, brig. surgeon ‘Iron Brigade;’ med. dir. 12th Army Corps, Army of Potomac",
  83. ^ Louis C. Duncan, The Greatest Battle of the War – Gettysburg The Military Surgeon Vol. 33, No. 5, November 1913, p. 411-413, p. 429
  84. ^ Jonathan Letterman, M.D. (1866). Medical Recollections of the Army of the Potomac. New York: D. Appleton & Co., p. 134
  85. ^ Edward B. Stevens, M.D. and John A. Murphy, M.D., Eds. Cincinnati Lancet and Observer. Vol. 7, No. 4, April 1864. "Editors Table", "Army Medical Intelligence", p. 250 (Google digitized 20 Jan. 2006).
  86. ^ John Thomas Scharf 1819–1880 Volume 3 of History of Maryland from the Earliest Period to the Present Day J.B. Piet (1879) p. 609
  87. ^ Scott C. Patchan Shenandoah Summer: The 1864 Valley Campaign (2009) University of Nebraska Press pp. 287-289
  88. ^ J. Thomas Scharf History of Western Maryland (2003) Genealogical Publishing Co. p 337 ISBN 0806345659, 9780806345659, noting also that "This company (Baltimore Light Artillery) served with distinguished gallantry during the entire war in the Army of Northern Virginia."
  89. ^ David Power Conyngham The Irish Brigade and Its Campaigns Fordham University Press 1867 pp. 511 and 557 ISBN 0823215784, 9780823215782
  90. ^ a b Some of the Ancestors and Descendants of Samuel Converse, Jr. (Vol. II) (Ed. Charles Evans Converse) (1905) Boston: Eben Putnam, p. 443 (digitized by Google 24 September 2007)
  91. ^ Builders of Our Nation, published annually, "Men of 1913". (1914) Chicago: American Publishers Association, p. 122 (digitized by Google 6 June 2013)
  92. ^ Thomas William Herringshaw, The American Blue Book of Biography (1913) Chicago: American Publishers Association, p. 183 (digitized by Google 11 April 2011)
  93. ^ Charles Kitchell Gardner. A Dictionary of All Officers Who Have Been Commissioned or Appointed and Served in the Army of the United States Since the Inauguration of Their First President … Volunteers and Militias of the States Who Have Served in Any Campaign or Conflict With An Enemy Since That Date … (2nd Ed.). (1860). New York: D. Van Nostrand, p. 303 (Google digitized 30 April 2014)
  94. ^ Jefferson Davis. The Papers of Jefferson Davis: 1846-1848 (Vol. 3). (1981). Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press (reprint with introductory commentary) ISBN 0-8071-0786-7, p. 137, 139
  95. ^ Henry Clay Lewis. Louisiana Swamp Doctor.(1962). Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press (reprint), p. 47 (Google digitized 10 March 2008)
  96. ^ Sister Blanche Marie McEniry. American Catholics in the War with Mexico. (1937). Washington, D.C.: Catholic University Press, p. 163
  97. ^ Mexican War Veterans (Wm. Hugh Robarts, Compiler) (1887), p. 59 (Google Digitized 3 August 2006)
  98. ^ [34]
  99. ^ General Order No. 46, W.D., 1919
  100. ^ amedd.army Amedd Army
  101. ^ [35] Home of Heroes
  102. ^ [36] 31st Infantry Veterans
  103. ^ [37] 31st U.S. Infantry Regiment, History, Col. (ret.) Karl H. Lowe American's Foreign Legion, The 31st Infantry Regiment at War and Peace, A book in progress Chapter 6 "Bataan and Corregidor 1941–1942" pp. 16-18
  104. ^ [38] 31st U.S. Infantry Regiment, History, Col. (ret.) Karl H. Lowe American's Foreign Legion, The 31st Infantry Regiment at War and Peace, A book in progress Chapter 7 "Captivity 1942–1945", "Cabanatuan Roster" … "Company L"
  105. ^ [39] from the 20 December 2008 Savannah Morning News
  106. ^ [40] also 3 Air Medals and Purple Heart, BA Princeton ’43, Post Graduate Harvard ‘47, MLS Columbia ’52, son of Henry Augustus
  107. ^ [41]
  108. ^ [42] Walls of the Missing Memorial, Manila American Cemetery, also Air Medal and Purple Heart
  109. ^ General Orders: General Orders No. 15 (1944), Headquarters Fifth Armored Division
  110. ^ [43] Home of Heroes
  111. ^ General Orders: Headquarters, U.S. Army Air Forces, Iceland, General Orders No. 12 (1943)
  112. ^ [44] Gannet Military Times Hall of Valor
  113. ^ [45] "Hats Off to Mystery Serviceman" Dalton Daily Citizen 22 September 2011
  114. ^ http://www.lwag.org/forums/showthread.php?t=3251 Luftwaffe Archives and Records
  115. ^ http://www.lwag.org/forums/showthread.php?t=3249 Luftwaffe Archives and Records
  116. ^ [46], Home of Heroes
  117. ^ General Orders: Headquarters, 42d Infantry Division, General Orders No. 13 (1945)
  118. ^ [47] Gannet Military Times, Hall of Valor, photograph of PFC McNulty here also available for view
  119. ^ [48] Gannett Military Times Hall of Valor
  120. ^ Aerial Age Weekly, Vol. 6 No. 12, December 3, 1917, New York, New York, The Aerial Age Company, p. 510
  121. ^ [49] Brooklyn Daily Eagle October 4, 1917, p. 11
  122. ^ The Journal of the American Medical Association, Vol. 69 No. 24, December 15, 1917, p. 2053
  123. ^ The Journal of the American Medical Association, Vol. 70 No. 12, March 23, 1918, p. 859
  124. ^ General Orders: General Orders No. 38 (1951), Headquarters, 1st Cavalry Division (1951)
  125. ^ [50] Gannet Military Times Hall of Valor
  126. ^ Home of Heroes
  127. ^ [51]
  128. ^ General Orders: Headquarters, 3d Army, General Orders No. 158 (2 July 1945)
  129. ^ [52] Gannet Military Times Hall of Valor
  130. ^ [53]
  131. ^ [54] Military Times Hall of Valor database
  132. ^ [55] Home of Heroes database
  133. ^ [56], both awards memorialized on grave marker
  134. ^ a b [57] p. 13
  135. ^ [58] University of California San Francisco School of Dentistry Alumni Association The News Letter Vol. 104 March – April 1948, p. 4
  136. ^ [59] Futatabi Roster
  137. ^ [60] UC San Francisco School of Dentistry Alumni Association OraCal, 1986, Alumni Notes, p. 217
  138. ^ [61] Governor McMillin’s Guam Roster
  139. ^ [62] official web site Air Force Historical Research Agency fact sheet for 61st Airlift Squadron
  140. ^ [63] Global Security
  141. ^ Jim Roeder A-26 Invader Units of World War 2 © 2010 Oxford: Osprey Publishing Ltd., p. 36 ISBN 978 1 84603 431 2
  142. ^ [64], from USAF archives
  143. ^ [65], from USAF archives
  144. ^ [66] The Tennessean January 7, 1951, p. 10
  145. ^ a b [67] High, L. Born to be a Warrior
  146. ^ [68]
  147. ^ [69] American Battle Monuments Commission
  148. ^ Staff, Princeton Alumni Weekly, Vol. XLV, No. 15, January 26, 1945, p. 8
  149. ^ Staff, Princeton Alumni Weekly, Vol. XLV, No. 16, February 2, 1945, p. 22
  150. ^ Captain (USN), 35 years US Navy, naval intelligence officer, veteran of WW II, Korean War, Vietnam War, Coronado Eagle and Journal, No. 29, 19 July 1990, p. 8 [70]
  151. ^ Assembly, Vol. 5, No. 1, April, 1946, p 4 "We Salute", "Legion of Merit", magazine of "Association of Graduates, U.S.M.A.", noting award of Legion of Merit to West Point graduate John A. McNulty
  152. ^ a b Staff, "deaths Col. John McNulty, active in civic organizations"St. Petersburg Independent, Tuesday 8 Nov. 1983, p 9
  153. ^ [71]
  154. ^ [72], The Morning Calm Weekly, Vol. 3, Issue 38, July 22, 2005, p. 11
  155. ^ a b [73] Billion Graves, Lt. Col. William B. McNulty (U.S. Army) (1935-2007) Vietnam War Veteran, Buried Arlington National Cemetery, Section 54, Legion of Merit, also Bronze Star, Air Medal
  156. ^ [74] Vietnam War Honors for Willard McNulty
  157. ^ Sunday, September 3, 1944, Rochester, New York Democrat Chronicle, p. 31
  158. ^ [75] Iraq War Heroes
  159. ^ [76] Arlington National Cemetery official biography
  160. ^ [77]
  161. ^ [78]
  162. ^ [79] See Matt Benedetti, Massachusetts Minuteman Magazine, Spring, 2009, p.21.
  163. ^ [80] Lt. Col. McNulty relinquishes command of 102nd Squadron 2012
  164. ^ 102nd Intelligence Wing Seagull Vol. 28 No. 6 August 2013 p. 3, Announcements, Lt. Col. David McNulty assumes command of 102nd Intelligence Group August 25, 2013
  165. ^ [81] See 102nd Intelligence Wing Seagull Vol. 29 No. 4 May 2014, p. 4.
  166. ^ [82]
  167. ^ Congressional Record Volume 141, Number 116 (Tuesday, 18 July 1995) Page E1460
  168. ^ [83] United States State Department, Bureau of Diplomatic Security, History of the Bureau of Diplomatic Security of the United States State Department, 1st edition, (2011), printed Global Publishing Solutions, p. 208
  169. ^ [84] See Nixon Library, President Richard Nixon’s Diary, 27 February 1969, Air Force One manifest Bonn to Berlin.
  170. ^ [85] See Nixon Library, President Richard Nixon’s Diary, 2 March 1969, Air Force One manifest Paris to Rome.
  171. ^ ENIAC's first use was in calculations for the hydrogen bomb. Moye, William T (January 1996). "ENIAC: The Army-Sponsored Revolution". US Army Research Laboratory. Retrieved 2009-07-09. 
  172. ^ [86] Aerial Age Weekly, Vol. 6 No. 12, December 3, 1917, New York, New York, The Aerial Age Company, p. 510
  173. ^ [87] Naval History and Heritage Command
  174. ^ [88] chronology of commanding officers of the U.S.S. Maury (AGS-16)
  175. ^ [89] chronological photo archive of USS Renate AKA-36 and/or USS Maury AGS-16
  176. ^ [90] USS Maury AGS-16 tribute site noting ship's extensive surveys along eastern coast of Vietnam in 1966, 1967 and 1968 during the height of the Vietnam War.
  177. ^ [91]
  178. ^ [92] Vietnam War Honors
  179. ^ Billy G. Web The Secret War © 2010 Bloomington, Indiana: Xlibris, p. 297
  180. ^ corresponding goatskin Morocco leather bound, CIA Book of Honor at Memorial Wall in steel frame under 1" thick glass (26 of the 103 stars remain unnamed for national security reasons even in death. The identities of these "unnamed stars" are not included in the Book of Honor and remain secret.)
  181. ^ [93] Lt. Col. Wayne J. McNulty
  182. ^ [94]
  183. ^ [95] 5th Regiment Website
  184. ^ [96] Korean War Online
  185. ^ Brisbane Courier-Mail Thursday 11 March 1954, p. 6, "Queen's Interest in Korea Men (Twenty veterans at investiture) … Military Medal … Sergeant Edward John McNulty …"
  186. ^ [97], citing to London Gazette dated 10 October 1944 and AFRO 2534/44 dated 24 November 1944
  187. ^ [98]
  188. ^ Official Australian Government war memorial site
  189. ^ RAF Commands Forum
  190. ^ RAAF Casualty Data Base with portrait photograph
  191. ^ [99], referencing Ab Jansen Wespennest Leeuwarden, Vol. III, page 167, a copyrighted photograph therefrom of the Sergeant with the other of the four-engined Short Stirling bomber's crew is also here available for view
  192. ^ http://www.canadaatwar.ca/memorial/world-war-ii/140306/flying-officer-thomas-norman-mcnulty/
  193. ^ [100] Orleans Online Vol. 1, Week 51, Fred Sherwin's regular "View Point" column
  194. ^ Henry Stevens Washington Chemical Analysis of Igneous Rocks (USGS Professional Paper No. 14) Washington, D.C.: Govt. Printing Office (1903) p 163
  195. ^ A.H. Koschmann and M.H. Bergendahl Principal Gold Producing Districts of the United States (Geological Survey Professional Paper 610) Washington: U.S. Dept. of the Interior, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402 (1968) (Library of Congress catalog-card no. GS 68-341) p 117
  196. ^ O.J. Hollister The mines of Colorado Springfield, Massachusetts: S. Bowles & Co. (1867) p 326
  197. ^ A.H. Koschmann and M.H. Bergendahl Principal Gold Producing Districts of the United States (Geological Survey Professional Paper 610) Washington: U.S. Dept. of the Interior, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402 (1968) (Library of Congress catalog-card no. GS 68-341) p 86
  198. ^ The Mansfield Herald 6 March 1884, Vol. 34, No. 16
  199. ^ W.J. Davis An Illustrated History of Sacramento County Chicago: Lewis Publishing Co. (1890) Chapter 7 "County Government" pp 39-45
  200. ^ [101] St. Petersburg Times
  201. ^ Lexicon of Geological Names of the United States (Including Alaska) Part 2 M-Z (Geological Survey Bulletin 896) Mary Grace Wilmarth, compiler, p. 1260, United States Dept. of Interior, Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office (1938) (Univ. of Mich., Digitized 18 February 2010)

External links[edit]

  • Genealogy of the kings of the Ulaid
  • [102] Emmy TV Legends, Television Academy Foundation, Archive of American Television interview with Barney McNulty with video and audio
  • [103] Bio of Barney McNulty, the "Cue Card King", with photo from official web page of Lets Make A Deal television program
  • [104] Here courtesy of Motor Marques is a 1938 photograph of Australian automotive manufacturer, racer, engineer and designer William "Bill" Conoulty racing his "Conoulty Special Austin Comet".
  • [105] Here for view courtesy of BBC is Clare Collas' oil on canvas portrait of Dr. Sir Arthur Salusbury MacNalty in elder life, hanging in the collection of the Royal College of Physicians, London
  • [106] Here is the UK National Health Service official site's photograph portrait of Dr. Sir Arthur Salusbury MacNalty (there listed as Arthur McNalty #8) along with portraits of all of the other of the UK's Chief Medical Officers since Victorian times.
  • [107] Here are several photographs of the USS McNulty (DE 581) and a photograph in naval uniform of that ship's namesake Lt. (j.g.) John Thomas McNulty, from navsource.org.