Macarius of Corinth
|Saint Makarios of Corinth|
|Died||April 17, 1805
Hermitage of St. Peter, Chios
|Venerated in||Eastern Orthodox Church|
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Macarius of Corinth [birth name: Macarius Notaras (Greek: Μακάριος Νοταρᾶς)] was born in Corinth in 1731 and died in Chios in April 1805. St Macarius as Metropolitan bishop of Corinth, was a mystic and spiritual writer who worked to revive and mostly sustain the Orthodox Church under Turkish rule. He is most famous for working with St. Nicodemus of the Holy Mountain in collecting and compiling the ascetic text of the Philokalia.
Prayer of the Heart
With his friend St. Nicodemus, Makarios compiled the five tomes of the Philokalia that were first published in Venice in 1782. It was the publication of these sacred and spiritual texts that lead to a renewal of the hesychast movement within the Orthodox.
Beauty shall save the World
The term used Philokalia (love of the beautiful) for the texts, was to enshrine the history of the Jesus Prayer (the Prayer of the heart) and the spiritual practice of this is called Hesychasm. It is this love of beauty that revives and gives faith to the hopeless. The history of the prayer begins with its earliest fathers including St Anthony the Great and the text ends with St Gregory Palamas. The title conveys the contemplative tradition. In that it teaches understanding of the inner or mystical Kingdom of God within each person. The spirit of God is an ember, one must cultivate the ember into an open fire. This perpetual fire burns in the heart, in love for all things, which is to share in the energy of God, which is love. (Leviticus 9:24) It is within the Philokalia that one learns how to properly navigate through the passions and depravity of existence called the World. The object of contemplation being "the love of beauty" or infinite beauty which is God. For if existence was truly evil it could not contain nor express beauty. This expression conveys the truth about the divine (ascetic) life and purpose which the heart learns through practise of the Prayer. Which is called Hesychasm. God in his energies is love. However God is also the source of all that is truly beautiful, resplendent with divine glory. It is this beauty, the Russian philosophers held, that would "will save the World".
- Theosis (Eastern Orthodox theology)
- Ritual purification
- Sacred Heart as a Catholic doctrine of devotion.
- A New Dictionary of Saints: East and West by Michael Walsh pg 378, Published by Liturgical Press, 2007 ISBN 0-8146-3186-X, 9780814631867 
- Scripture in tradition: the Bible and its interpretation in the Orthodox Church by John Breck. Published by St Vladimir's Seminary Press, 2001 ISBN 0-88141-226-0, ISBN 9780881412260