|President, Akhil Bharatiya Gorkha League|
|Born||June 1, 1948|
|Died||May 21, 2010 (aged 62)
Darjeeling, West Bengal, India
Madan Tamang was an Indian politician, a Gorkha leader, and the president of Akhil Bharatiya Gorkha League (ABGL), a moderate faction of the Gorkhaland movement. Opposed to violent methods for the process, he stood for a negotiated settlement to the Gorkhaland dispute. He was hacked to death allegedly by [Gorkha Janmukti Morcha] supporters on May 21, 2010 which led to spontaneous shutdown in the three divisions of the hills [Darjeeling] [Kurseong] [Kalimpong]
Madan Tamang was born on 1 June 1948 to Manbahadur Tamang and Lamu Tamang at Meghma village in Darjeeling district. He was the eldest of four brothers. He studied at St Robert’s School in Darjeeling and then completed his bachelor's degree in humanities from St Joseph’s College at North Point in Darjeeling. He was married to Bharati Tamang. Madan Tamang entered the tea business by establishing a tea estate in his ancestral land around Meghma on the Indo-Nepal border.
Madan Tamang entered into politics in 1969 while still in college when he became a close associate of the noted ABGL leader of the time, Deo Prakash Rai. Through the 1970s, he headed Tarun Gorkha, the youth wing of the Akhil Bharatiya Gorkha League (ABGL), and became well known for his oratory skills. Eventually, he became the District Secretary of the Gorkha League in 1977, though he resigned in 1980 to join a new outfit, Pranta Parishad, where he worked closely with Subhash Ghisingh for some time till Ghisingh started the Gorkha National Liberation Front (GNLF) in 1980 and demanded the state of Gorkhaland. Meanwhile, the Pranta Parishad along with organizations like the Nepali Bhasa Manyata Samiti started a campaign to include the Nepali language in the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution, and also turned an important rival of Ghisingh. Between 1986 and 1988, he openly criticized Ghisingh for corruption and use of violence for which his ancestral house at Meghma near Sandakphu was torched.
After lying low for some time, in 1992, Tamang started the Gorkha Democratic Front (GDF) to counter GNLF's opposition of the inclusion of the Nepali language in the Constitution because it wanted Gorkhali instead. In 2001, the GDF merged with ABGL, and Madan Tamang became the president of ABGL.
After the downfall of Subhash Ghisingh and GNLF and the rise of a new party Gorkha Janmukti Morcha (GJM) headed by Bimal Gurung in the Darjeeling hills, Madan Tamang became a vocal opponent of the GJM and levelled corruption charges against Bimal Gurung and other GJM leaders. ABGL set up an alliance of eight parties called Democratic Front along with Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and Communist Party of Revolutionary Marxists (CPRM) to fight for democracy in the hills through peaceful means and to oppose the GJM from accepting a compromised interim setup in place of a full-fledged state, as originally demanded by the Gorkhaland movement and GJM leaders.
On May 21, 2010, at around 9.30 am, Madan Tamang was supervising arrangements for a meeting scheduled for later in the day near Planters Club, Darjeeling to celebrate the 68th Foundation Day of Akhil Bharatiya Gorkha League, when some 150 armed assailants stormed the venue. While some attackers started throwing stones at the people gathered at the venue, three men attacked Tamang directly and hacked him with khukris, a Gorkha small sword. After being critically injured, he was rushed to the Darjeeling District Hospital where he soon died. Few days later on May 25, hundreds of mourners joined his funeral procession after which his body was taken to his native village of Meghma for the last rites. Later, his wife Bharati Tamang was elected as the president of ABGL.
- "Oolongs & Rhododendrons - Madan Tamang's Twin Passions". Himal News. May 22, 2010.
- Kumar, p. 99
- Samdara, p. 191
- "Voice of opposition, always: Madan Tamang/1948-2010". The Telegraph. Calcutta, India. May 22, 2010.
- "Interview with Mr. Madan Tamang, President of Gorkha League". Darjeeling Times. December 7, 2006.
- "Gorkha leader Madan Tamang killed, Darjeeling tense". The Indian Express. May 21, 2010.
- "Madan Tamang's body taken out in massive procession". The Hindu. Chennai, India. May 25, 2010.
- "Gorkha leader Madan Tamang hacked in public". The Times of India. May 22, 2010.
- Chhetri, Vivek (May 24, 2010). "'Boy' who delivered the killer blow". The Telegraph. Calcutta, India.
- "Hills mourn Tamang". Business Standard. May 25, 2010.
- "Tamang's murder threatens to derail Gorkhaland talks". The Times of India. May 26, 2010.
- Kumar, Braj Bihari (1998). Small states syndrome in India. Concept Publishing Company. ISBN 81-7022-691-0.
- Samdara, Ranbir (2005). The politics of autonomy: Indian experiences. SAGE. ISBN 0-7619-3452-9.
- Samanta, Amiya K. (2000). Gorkhaland movement: a study in ethnic separatism. APH Publishing. ISBN 81-7648-166-1.