The Madrasian culture is a prehistoric archaeological culture of South India, dated to the Lower Paleolithic, the earliest subdivision of the Stone Age. It belongs to the Acheulian industry, and some scholars consider the distinction between the Madrasian and the broader, regional Acheulian tradition defunct.
The Madrasian was named for its type site of Attirampakkam, discovered by British archaeologist and geologist Robert Bruce Foote in 1863, near to the city of Madras (now known as Chennai). The oldest tools at Attirampakkam have been dated to 1.5 million years ago using cosmic-ray exposure dating.
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