Malabar lark

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Malabar lark
Malabar Crested Lark (Galerida malabarica) Photograph By Shantanu Kuveskar.jpg
Malabar lark from Mangaon, Maharashtra
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Alaudidae
Genus: Galerida
Species: G. malabarica
Binomial name
Galerida malabarica
(Scopoli, 1786)
Synonyms
  • Alauda malabarica

The Malabar lark, or Malabar crested lark (Galerida malabarica) is a species of lark in the family Alaudidae found in western India.

Taxonomy and systematics[edit]

Originally, the Malabar lark was classified in the genus Alauda before being moved to its present genus. Also, some authorities have considered the Thekla lark to be a subspecies of the Malabar lark.[2]

Description[edit]

Malabar lark (Galerida malabarica) Sakleshpur India Oct 2008 sideview.jpg

This is a smallish lark, slightly smaller than the Eurasian skylark. It has a long spiky erectile crest. It is greyer than the skylark, and lacks the white wing and tail edges of that species, which is a winter visitor to India.

It is very similar to the crested lark, which breeds in northern India. The Malabar lark is smaller and dark-streaked reddish brown in plumage, whereas the crested lark is grey. The belly is white. The sexes are similar.

Sykes's lark is another Indian relative that also has reddish-brown plumage, but is smaller, shorter-billed, with a stiff upright crest and has plain rufous underparts.

Distribution and habitat[edit]

The Malabar lark is found in western India. It is a common bird of open country, cultivation and scrub, often at some altitude.

Behaviour and ecology[edit]

The Malabar lark is a sedentary breeding bird that nests on the ground, laying two or three eggs. Its food is seeds and insects, the latter especially in the breeding season.

References[edit]

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Galerida malabarica". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ "Galerida theklae - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2016-12-08.