Mammals of New Zealand
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Prior to human settlement, the mammals of New Zealand consisted entirely of several species of bat, and several dozen marine mammal species (though the Miocene Saint Bathans Mammal shows that at some point there were terrestrial, "archaic" mammal species). The Māori brought the kurī (Polynesian dog) and kiore (Polynesian rat) in about 1250 CE, and Europeans from 1769 onwards brought the pig, mice, two additional species of rats, weasels, stoats, ferrets and possums and many other species, some of which cause conservation problems for indigenous species.
- Three recent species of bats: the long-tailed, short-tailed and lesser short-tailed. The Miocene Saint Bathans Fauna showcases a considerably higher diversity of at least four mystacine species, a vesper bat and several incertae sedis taxa.
- Several dozen species of whales and dolphins including the small endemic Hector's dolphin
- Seven species of seal or sea lion
- The Miocene Saint Bathans Mammal.
- The New Zealand greater short-tailed bat is considered critically endangered (CE), while both the other bats are considered vulnerable.
- The sei, fin and blue whales are all endangered (EN), as is the Hector's dolphin which is found only in New Zealand waters.
This article is incomplete.(September 2013)
|Species||Date of introduction||Further information|
|Cat||as early as 1820||Cats in New Zealand|
|Common brushtail possum||1837||Common brushtail possum in New Zealand|
|European hedgehog||1870||Hedgehogs in New Zealand|
|Moose||1900, 1910||Moose - New Zealand|
|Red deer||from 1851|
|Stoat||Stoats in New Zealand|
Agricultural animals such as cattle and sheep were also introduced, as well as alpacas and llamas.
- Lowe, David J. (November 2008). "Polynesian settlement of New Zealand and the impacts of volcanism on early Maori society: an update." (PDF). Guidebook for Pre-conference North Island Field Trip A1 ‘Ashes and Issues’: 142. ISBN 978-0-473-14476-0. Retrieved 2010-01-18.
- Worthy, Trevor; Hand, SJ; Worthy, TH; Archer, M; Worthy, JP; Tennyson, AJD; Scofield, RP (2013). "Miocene mystacinids (Chiroptera, Noctilionoidea) indicate a long history for endemic bats in New Zealand". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 33 (6): 1442-1448.
- King, Carolyn M. (1985). Immigrant Killers: Introduced Predators and the Conservation of Birds in New Zealand. Auckland: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-558115-7.