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When the American colonies were successful in defeating the British in the U.S. Revolutionary War, some British Loyalists fled the country, traveling to the closest Crown territory, The Bahamas. Man-O-War Cay is one of the early Loyalist settlements in The Abacos, and beginning in 1798, its residents started farming.
In 1820, a shipwrecked sailor named Benjamin Albury met Eleanor Archer, the daughter of one of the first island settlers. She was working on a farm at that time. They fell in love and they married in 1821. Their descendants are the Alburys of today, industrious people who operate the many family-owned businesses found on this cay. 70% of the Alburys on the island today can trace their heritage back to this union.
On September 1, 2019, Hurricane Dorian made landfall on Man-O-War Cay in the Abaco Islands after 16:00 UTC with winds of 185 mph (295 km/h) and wind gusts up to 225 mph (360 km/h), tying Dorian with the 1935 Labor Day hurricane as the strongest landfalling Atlantic hurricane on record. There are reports of major damage throughout the islands which has been described as "catastrophic damage" and "pure hell". In the days following the storm, CNN reported that 90% to 100% of all buildings on Man-O-War Cay had sustained damage. 
This island is about 2.5 miles (4.0 km) long, but relatively narrow, often less than 100 metres between the harbor and beach side of the island. A section of island called "The Narrows" by visitors and "The Low Place" by locals is exceptionally narrow, with a beach on both sides separated by a roadway built into the rock formation between them, less than 10 metres across. The harbor side of the island faces Marsh Harbour, and a beach side runs the length of the opposite shore.
Currently, Man-O-War's representatives on the Hope Town District Council, (which also includes two other neighboring Cays) are: Mr. Jeremy Sweeting and Mr. Arthur Elden. Mr. Jeremy Sweeting serves as the Chief Councillor for their District.
The island is famous for its boat-building history. William H. Albury was famous in the country for his tremendous boat building skills. He built his first schooner at the age of 14. Albury died in 1972, but the boat building on the Cay still lives on. The last big boat built by the William H. Albury Ship Yard and "Uncle Will", as he had come to be known, was the Esperanto. The Esperanto was later renamed The William H. Albury in his honor. Today, boat building consists primarily of fiberglass boats, as opposed to wooden vessels. Albury Brothers Boats builds small boats in its facility next to the water.
A number of workers commute each day from Marsh Harbour. There are two small grocery stores, a marina, a boat yard, a few gift shops, a hardware and lumber store, two restaurants and a bakery. Golf-carts are rented by several companies (the narrow roads, often unpaved outside of the town centre, only permit the use of golf-carts or other small vehicles). No liquor is sold on the island. During the summer some local houses are rented by vacationing families.
The home builders of Man-O-War are known throughout the Bahamas for building homes that "Are built like Ships, but bolted to the land". All the rafters and structure are joined together in a manner similar to ship construction and resist the hurricanes very well. The residents stand as a reminder of the independent thinking and self-reliance of the founders of the Bahamas. Several of the local boat builders still make the occasional "Abaco Dinghy" in their native woods of Madeira mahogany and other Bahamian hardwoods. They are today considered works of art and sought after by those who appreciate fine old world wooden vessels.
Public travel to Man-O-War Cay is via ferry from Marsh Harbour.
The community is very close-knit, and most of the residents are in some way or another related to the Albury family. The people are very conservative, and still hold deep affection and loyalty to the British Crown. The majority of the residents are avid church-goers. The island has four churches, one Non-denominational, one Pentecostal, one Methodist, and one Plymouth Brethren. The people are both friendly and good-natured. The island is very safe with very little crime and is clean and well kept.
The diving, snorkeling and water sports around the island are truly exceptional.
- "South Abaco Population by Settlement and Total Number of Occupied Dwellings: 2010 Census" (PDF). Government of the Bahamas. Retrieved 5 January 2019.
- Fedschun, Travis (September 1, 2019). "Hurricane Dorian, Category 5 storm, makes landfall in Bahamas with 185 mph winds". Fox News. Retrieved September 1, 2019.
- "Dorian Slows to a Crawl Over Grand Bahama | NOAA National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service (NESDIS)". www.nesdis.noaa.gov. Retrieved 2019-09-02.
- Turak, Robert Ferris,Natasha (2019-09-01). "'Catastrophic' Hurricane Dorian makes landfall on the east of Grand Bahama Island". CNBC. Retrieved 2019-09-02.
- Wnek, Samatha (September 1, 2019). "'Pure hell': Hurricane Dorian now Category 5 storm, makes landfall in northwest Bahamas". ABC News. Retrieved September 1, 2019.
- Yan, Holly (4 September 2019). "'There is nothing left' on this island in the Bahamas after Hurricane Dorian". CNN. Retrieved 9 September 2019.
- "Adirondack". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Archived from the original on 23 October 2012. Retrieved 5 January 2019.
- Albury, Haziel L. Man-O-War, My Island Home: A History of an Outer Abaco Island, Christian Year Publishing., 1977. ISBN 1-872734-04-9
- Rodriguez, Ruth, Out Island Portraits - Bahamas 1946-1956, Out Island Press, 1983.