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Platyberyx opalescens.jpg
Platyberyx opalescens
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Superfamily: Percoidea
Family: Caristiidae
T. N. Gill & H. M. Smith, 1905[1]

Caristiidae, the manefishes, are a family of perciform fishes which today includes 19 extant species distributed in four genera. Chalcidichthys malacapterygius and Absalomichthys velifer are extinct species from the Upper Miocene of Southern California.


They are deep-sea marine fishes[3] that eat siphonophores. An adult manefish is less than 25 cm in length and most of them are entirely black, which helps camouflage them from predators.[4]




  1. ^ Richard van der Laan; William N. Eschmeyer & Ronald Fricke (2014). "Family-group names of Recent fishes". Zootaxa. 3882 (2): 001–230. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.3882.1.1. PMID 25543675.
  2. ^ Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2013). "Caristiidae" in FishBase. February 2013 version.
  3. ^ "Bizarre deep sea manefish filmed". 2010-02-08. Retrieved 2019-07-09.
  4. ^ "The Family Manefish Revised Description 2019". 2019-07-03. Retrieved 2019-07-09.