Hugh McCormick Smith

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Hugh McCormick Smith
HM Smith.jpg
Hugh McCormick Smith
Born (1865-11-21)November 21, 1865
Washington, D.C.
Died September 28, 1941(1941-09-28) (aged 75)
Washington, D.C.
Nationality American
Alma mater Georgetown University
Scientific career
Institutions Bureau of Fisheries
National Geographic Society
United States Fish and Wildlife Service
Smithsonian Institution

Hugh McCormick Smith, also H. M. Smith (November 21, 1865 – September 28, 1941) was an American ichthyologist and administrator in the Bureau of Fisheries.[1]


He was born in Washington, D.C. In 1888, he received a Doctor of Medicine from Georgetown University; then, in 1908, a Doctor of Law from Dickinson. He began working for the U. S. Fish Commission in 1886 as an assistant. He directed the scientific research centre there from 1897 to 1903. From 1901 to 1902, he directed the Marine Biological Laboratory at Woods Hole, Massachusetts. At the same time, he was on the faculty of Georgetown, teaching medicine from 1888 to 1902 and histology from 1895 to 1902.

From 1907—1910 he led the Philippine Expedition aboard the USS Albatross. He was an associate editor of the National Geographic Society from 1909 to 1919. He was the author of many articles and publications, both popular and scientific, about fish. With Charles Haskins Townsend he wrote The Pacific Salmons section of Trout and Salmon (New York: Macmillan, 1902), a volume of Caspar Whitney's prestigious American Sportsman's Library.[2] Smith was deputy commissioner of the U.S. Bureau of Fisheries (1903—1913) and then commissioner (1913—1922). After he was pressured to resign that position, he moved to Thailand during the reign of King Rama VI and was the first director general of Department of Fisheries, in the reign of the King Rama VII (1926).[3]

He moved back to the United States in 1933 and was curator of zoology at the Smithsonian Institution [4] until his death in Washington, D.C. in 1941.


  1. ^ "SMITH, Hugh McCormick". The International Who's Who in the World. 1912. pp. 965–966. 
  2. ^ "The Pacific Salmons by C. H. Townsend and H. M. Smith". In: Salmon and Trout. 1902. 
  3. ^ "ประวัติกรมประมง" (in Thai). Department of Fisheries. Retrieved 11 June 2016. 
  4. ^

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