Margaret Leisha Kilgallen
October 28, 1967
|Died||June 26, 2001 (aged 33)|
|Education||Colorado College (BFA, 1989),|
Stanford University (MFA, 2001)
|Known for||Painting, printmaking, and graffiti|
|Awards||San Francisco Arts Commission – Individual Grant: Cultural Equity (1997)|
Fleishhacker Foundation – Eureka Fellowship (1998)
Margaret Leisha Kilgallen (October 28, 1967 – June 26, 2001) was a San Francisco Bay Area artist who combined graffiti art, painting, and installation art. Though a contemporary artist, her work showed a strong influence from folk art. She was considered a central figure in the Bay Area Mission School art movement.
Life and career
Kilgallen was born in Washington, D.C., and grew up nearby in Kensington, Maryland. Because of her exposure to bluegrass music as a child, Kilgallen became an accomplished banjo player. She received a BFA in studio art and printmaking from Colorado College in 1989. After moving to San Francisco, she took up surfing and in 1990 met her future husband Barry McGee, who was also a surfer. After her time at Colorado College, Kilgallen had a few solo exhibitions in New York and California during 1997 through 1999. She also received a MFA from Stanford University in 2001.
Though she was diagnosed with breast cancer in late July 2001, Kilgallen opted to forgo chemotherapy so that she might carry a pregnancy to term. During this time she continued to work on art that would later be displayed in galleries after her death. She died in 2001, at age 33, three weeks after the birth of Asha, her daughter with her husband and collaborator Barry McGee. Kilgallen has since been the subject of several posthumous retrospectives.
Kilgallen's first major group exhibitions appeared in 1997 and included the first Bay Area Now show at Yerba Buena Center for the Arts. This was followed by a solo exhibition, Three Sheets to the Wind, at The Drawing Center in New York City in 1997. In 1998, Kilgallen had another solo exhibition, Sincere Sin, at the John Berggruen Gallery in San Francisco, CA. Following that exhibition, Kilgallen had two more solo exhibitions before her death in 2001. These two galleries were her 1999 To Friend and Foe, Deitch Projects, in New York, NY, and in 2000 her solo exhibition Hammer Projects: Margaret Kilgallen, in the UCLA Hammer Museum, Los Angeles, CA. A number of major exhibitions took place after her death. In 2002, her work was chosen for that year's Whitney Biennial. In 2005, a survey of her work titled, In the Sweet Bye & Bye, was shown at the Gallery at REDCAT. Her work was also an important part of the 2004–2006 touring exhibit, Beautiful Losers: Contemporary Art and Street Culture. In 2011, Kilgallen's Summer Selections exhibit was shown in the Ratio 3 gallery in San Francisco, CA. Through Jan 12-Jun 16, 2019, the Aspen Art Museum is showing Margaret Kilgallen: That's Where the Beauty is, a survey of her work from 1997 to 2001.
Other galleries that have exhibited her work include the Luggage Store in San Francisco; Gallery 16 in San Francisco; Forum for Contemporary Art in St. Louis; the Institute of Contemporary Art in Philadelphia; and The Geffen Contemporary at the Museum of Contemporary Art in Los Angeles.
Kilgallen's paintings and murals reflect a variety of influences, including hand-painted signs, elements of American folk art, mural painting, and a variety of formal painting strategies. At an early age, she was impressed by examples of works by Southwestern and Mexican artists, and she employed these artists' use of warm colors in her own painting. Her many works in gouache, acrylic, and randomly-mixed and recycled house paints on found paper (often discarded book endpapers), reflect an interest in typographic styles and symbology that can be traced to her work as a book conservator with Dan Flanagan at the San Francisco Public Library in the early to mid-1990s. Kilgallen rendered all her work by hand without preparatory drawings or masking tape in order to express the handmade quality of each piece. Her paintings showcase women engaging in a variety of everyday activities that include biking and surfing. In addition to her commissioned mural work, Kilgallen was also a graffiti artist under the tag names "Meta" and "Matokie Slaughter." The latter name, an homage to folk musician Matokie Slaughter, was specifically used for freight train graffiti. In addition to Kilgallen’s work, she also displayed themes of nostalgia as an important part of her artistic expression that revolved around sentimental values, and a person's sense of close solidarity within a community. This was based on Kilgallen’s real life values which established the idea of togetherness providing an element of belonging rather than isolation.
|Paulson Bott Press, Berkeley||Sloe||1998||36 x 24 1/2 inches||Color etching on soft white paper|
|Deitch Projects, New York||To Friend and Foe||1999||Variable||Mixed Media|
|Paulson Bott Press, Berkeley||Linda Mar||1999||26 x 19 inches||Color and sugarlift etching on soft white paper|
|Paulson Bott Press, Berkeley||Pilar||1999||23 x 18 inches||Color etching on soft white paper|
|Paulson Bott Press, Berkeley||Untitiled||1999||31 x 54 inches||Sugarlift etching on soft white paper|
|Ratio 3, San Francisco||Untitled||1999||17 1/4 x 7 1/2 inches||Acrylic on wood|
|Courtesy the Artists||Hand-painted trainyard photo||2000||Variable||Photograph with paint|
|Ratio 3, San Francisco||Untitled||2000||13 1/4 x 12 inches||Acrylic on paper|
|Ratio 3, San Francisco||Untitled||2000||26 1/2 x 33 inches||Acrylic on canvas|
Kilgallen was an avid reader, looking to Appalachian music, signage, letterpress printing, freight train graffiti art, and religious and decorative arts to inform her work. Her work demonstrates her respect for and engagement with craftsmanship and the stories of everyday peoples' lives.
- Baker, Alex (editor). (2005). Margaret Kilgallen: In the Sweet Bye & Bye. Valencia, CA: California Institute of the Arts. ISBN 0-9749831-2-8
- "Margaret Kilgallen, a San Francisco Artist, 33". The New York Times. 4 July 2001. Retrieved 13 August 2017.
- Townsend, Hannah (28 November 2017). "Margaret Kilgallen- Hannah Townsend". Cleveland State Art.
- "Margaret Kilgallen".
- Bonetti, David (7 July 2001). "S.F. graffiti artist Margaret Kilgallen". SFGate.
- Bigelow, C., "At this year’s ZooFest, donors paid $35,000 to name a tiger", San Francisco Chronicle, April 23, 2019.
- Kira Cochrane (7 August 2009). "Margaret Kilgallen: Art on the edge". The Guardian.
- Boehm, M., "There’s nowhere else to park this art exhibit", Los Angeles Times, November 12, 2005.
- "The young at art" by David Bonetti, San Francisco Examiner, June 18, 1997.
- Yerba Buena Center for the Arts. 1997. Bay Area Now: A Regional Survey of Contemporary Art.
- ""Margaret Kilgallen"". Ratio 3.
- beautifullosersfilm (14 February 2008). "Beautiful Losers film trailer". Retrieved 13 August 2017 – via YouTube.
- "Margaret Kilgallen". FAMSF Explore the Art. September 21, 2018. Retrieved February 27, 2019.
- Goodyear, Dana (2017-08-10). "A Ghost in the Family: Three Artists, One Love Story". The New Yorker. ISSN 0028-792X. Retrieved 2016-03-05.
- Deitch, Jeffrey (2011). Art in the Streets. Skira Rizzoli.
- Transit Project (1996) Meta "Meta." Online collection of graffiti art.
- Bissonnette, Meghan (2019-07-03). "Margaret Kilgallen: That's Where the Beauty Is: Exhibition at Aspen Art Museum, Aspen, Colorado, 12 January–9 June 2019. Exhibition touring to Museum of Contemporary Art Cleveland, Cleveland, Ohio, 24 January–17 May 2020. Curator: Courtenay Finn". Journal of Visual Art Practice. 18 (3): 277–279. doi:10.1080/14702029.2019.1640439. ISSN 1470-2029. S2CID 200996543.
- "Margaret Kilgallen" on Art:21, PBS.com, 2005.
- Berry, Colin. (2003). Like a folk tale. Print 57(1):102-107. (Abstract)
- Rose, Aaron and Strike, Christian (editors). (2004). Beautiful Losers: Contemporary Art and Street Culture. ISBN 1-891024-74-4
- Margaret Kilgallen: In the Sweet Bye and Bye, California Institute of the Arts (May 2007),ISBN 0974983128, ISBN 978-0974983127
- Kamps, Toby. The Old, Weird America: Folk Themes in Contemporary Art. ISBN 9781933619125
- San Francisco Art Institute. Energy That is All Around: Mission School: Chris Johanson, Margaret Kilgallen, Alicia McCarthy, Barry McGee, Ruby Neri. ISBN 9781452142180
- Zuckerman, H., Finn, C., & Porter, J., eds., Margaret Kilgallen: That's where the Beauty is (Aspen: Aspen Art Museum, 2019). ISBN 9780934324878
- Margaret Kilgallen on Instagram
- Margaret Kilgallen at Ratio 3, San Francisco
- "Femme Vital: Margaret Kilgallen Hand in Hand" by Michele Lockwood, Super X Media #2.2, 1998.
- "Art in Review: Margaret Kilgallen — 'To Friend and Foe'" by Holland Cotter, New York Times, October 1, 1999.