Margarita Tutulani

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Margarita Tutulani.

Margarita Tutulani (1925- July 6, 1943) was an anti-fascist and hero of Albania during World War II. Her brutal death inspired many to join the resistance against fascism in Albania.

Biography[edit]

Tutulani was born in Berat, in the Gorica neighborhood.[1] Her grandfather, Dhimiter Tutulani, was one of the signers of the Albanian Declaration of Independence in 1912 and her father was a member of the Albanian Parliament.[2] She attended the Queen Mother Pedagogical Institute in Tirana.[1]

When Italy invaded Albania in April 1939, Tutulani moved back to Berat, where she and her family protested and demonstrated against Italian rule of their country.[1] In 1942, she joined the Communist Party.[1] She was also a leading figure in the November 28, 1942 demonstration in Berat, which was an anti-fascist protest that drew thousands of people.[3] After November, she was wanted by the fascist government.[3]

Tutulani and her brother, Kristaq Tutulani, were eventually arrested in Berat on July 4, 1943.[2] After their arrest, they were then subjected to torture while in prison.[1] They were later moved out of the prison and shot in Gosa, near Kavaja,[1] on July 6, 1943.[2]

The city of Berat was shocked at the death of both brother and sister.[2] A "photo of her mangled body" circulated and eventually the brutality of her death inspired people to join the resistance against the fascist government.[1]

A statue of Tutulani is at the National Martyrs Cemetery of Albania.[4] Tutulani left behind writing which is now part of the Tutulani family archives, which included poetry, memoirs and essays.[3] The Albanian linguist Vehxhi Buharaja wrote a poem in her honor, "Margarita," ten days after she was killed.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Elsie, Robert (2012). A Biographical Dictionary of Albanian History. New York: I.B. Tauris & Co. Ltd. p. 452. ISBN 9781780764313.
  2. ^ a b c d e "In Memoriam/ Margarita Dhe Kristaq Tutulani". Lajme.gen.al (in Albanian). 6 July 2010. Retrieved 18 April 2017.
  3. ^ a b c "Si u ekzekutuan në sy të njëri-tjetrit motër e vëlla". Gazeta Dita (in Albanian). 7 July 2014. Retrieved 18 April 2017.
  4. ^ Gloyer, Gillian (2015). Albania (5th ed.). Bradt Travel Guides Ltd, UK. pp. 82–83. ISBN 9781841628554.