Marguerite Chapuy (21 July 1852, Bordeaux – 23 September 1936, Dijon) was a French operatic soprano and the daughter of a former dancer at the Opéra. Her short professional career was concentrated on Paris but included appearances in London; she created several roles at the Opéra-Comique.
Life and career
As a pupil of François-Joseph Regnier, she first considered an acting career, however after a disappointing debut at the vaudeville theatre she inclined towards the lyric theatre. She undertook lessons with Arnoldi (her first teacher having been Belloni), and during the Franco-Prussian War of 1870 she moved to Brussels, where she continued her vocal studies, followed by stage appearances in Rennes.
In 1872, Chapuy sang Susanna in Le nozze di Figaro, and Haydée by Auber at the Opéra Comique. She created the role of Philomène in Le roi l'a dit by Delibes on 24 May 1873. In March 1874 she sang Mignon.
Most notably Chapuy was the first Micaëla in Bizet's Carmen on 3 March 1875.
After the initial run of Carmen, Chapuy sang Rosina in The Barber of Seville in July 1875 at the Drury Lane Theatre, London. Later that year, she sang Rose de Mai in the revival of Le val d'Andorre by Halévy on 14 October, and Késie in Le calife de Bagdad on 18 December in honour of the Boieldieu centenary.
In the premiere of Henri Maréchal's opéra comique Les amoureux de Catherine on 8 May 1876, Chapuy sang Catherine. She then sang Baucis in the first performance of the 2-act version of Gounod's Philémon et Baucis (16 May 1876).
- Soubies A, Malherbe C. Histoire de l'opéra comique – La seconde salle Favart 1840–1887. Flammarion, Paris, 1893.
- Le Ménestrel – Musique et Théâtres, 6 August 1876.
- Wolff S. Un demi-siècle d'Opéra-Comique (1900–1950). André Bonne, Paris, 1953.
- Curtiss Mina, Bizet and His World. New York, Vienna House, 1958 p. 426. "Admirers gave her a bouquet; attached to the ribbons was a small silver laurel wreath with the words 'Micaela. Carmen. Georges Bizet. Regrets!'"
- Kern Holoman D., The Société des Concerts du Conservatoire 1828–1967. University of California Press, 2004.
- Capitaine commandant; author of several pamphlets under the name André de Nuits.