|Mariano Benlliure y Gil|
|Born||Mariano Benlliure y Gil
September 8, 1862
|Died||November 9, 1947
|Known for||Sculpting, Painting|
|Movement||Heroic realism, Neoclassicism|
He was born in El Grau quarter of Valencia. His earliest sculptures featured bullfighting themes, modeled in wax and cast in bronze. At the age of thirteen he showed a wax modello of a picador at the Exposición Nacional de Bellas Artes, 1876. Pursuing the thought of becoming a painter, he went to Paris his expenses paid by his master, Francisco Domingo Marqués. A trip to Rome in 1879, revealing at first hand the sculptures of Michelangelo convinced him to be a sculptor. In 1887 he established himself permanently in Madrid, where in that year's Exposición Nacional his portrait sculpture of the painter Ribera won him a first-prize.
Benlliure's style is characterized by detailed naturalism allied to an impressionistic spontaneity. His portrait busts and public monuments are numerous, and include:
- the tomb of Práxedes Mateo Sagasta in the Pantheon of Illustrious Men, Madrid
- monument to José de San Martín, Lima, Peru
- a bronze memorial to María Cristina de Borbón, Madrid
- the bronze equestrian statue of Alfonso XII of Spain, in Madrid's Buen Retiro Park, the centerpiece of a memorial designed by architect José Grases Riera
- Santiago Albano Pilar (1980). Juan Luna, the Filipino as painter. Eugenio Lōpez Foundation. p. 56.
- España es Cultura. "Mariano Benlliure". Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport, Government of Spain. Retrieved December 4, 2014.
- "Neoclassicism: Mariano Benlliure". Spanish Arts. 2011. Retrieved December 4, 2014.
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