Marion Zioncheck

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Marion Anthony Zioncheck)
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Marion Zioncheck
Marion Zioncheck 1936.jpeg
Zioncheck in 1936
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Washington's 1st district
In office
March 4, 1933 – August 7, 1936
Preceded byRalph Horr
Succeeded byWarren Magnuson
Personal details
Born
Marjan Antoni Zajaczek

(1900-12-05)December 5, 1900
Kęty, Austria-Hungary
DiedAugust 7, 1936(1936-08-07) (aged 35)
Seattle, Washington, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)
Rubye Louise Nix
(m. 1936)
Children0
Parents
  • Clemens Zajaczek (father)
  • Frances Wlodyga (mother)
Alma materUniversity of Washington
University of Washington School of Law
Occupation
  • Lawyer
  • politician

Marion Anthony Zioncheck (born Marjan Antoni Zajaczek; December 5, 1900 – August 7, 1936) was an American politician who served as a member of the United States House of Representatives from 1933 until his death. He represented Washington's 1st congressional district as a Democrat.

Early life[edit]

Zioncheck was born Marjan Antoni Zajaczek[1] in Kęty, Austria-Hungary (now in Poland), the son of Clemens and Frances (née Wlodiga) Zajaccek (later Zioncheck).[2][3] His family immigrated to the United States in 1904, and they settled in Seattle, Washington. He attended the University of Washington where in 1927 he became president of the student government (ASUW). He also earned a law degree from the University of Washington while making a name for himself as a left-wing leader in the Democratic Party and the Washington Commonwealth Federation, which supported his election to Congress in the 1932 election.

Congress[edit]

As a U.S. Representative, Zioncheck was known mostly for ardently championing Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal policies. But his tireless work on behalf of the New Deal often was overshadowed by his many personal escapades, which included dancing in fountains and driving on the White House lawn. Beset by the press and by critics of Roosevelt's policies, Zioncheck became depressed and stated that he would not seek reelection to a third term in 1936.[4] In his diary entry for April 30, 1936, Secretary of the Interior Harold L. Ickes recounted how Zioncheck had asked him to officiate at a wedding with his fiancée, Rubye Louise Nix. Ickes demurred, saying that he had no authority to do so; he was aware of Zioncheck's reputation and simply did not want to get involved. Ultimately, Zioncheck went to Annapolis, Maryland for the wedding and San Juan, Puerto Rico for his honeymoon.[5] On August 1, Zioncheck's friend and ally, King County Prosecutor Warren Magnuson, took him at his word regarding his retirement plans and filed to run for Zioncheck's House seat.

Marital and mental problems[edit]

Zioncheck at Gallinger Hospital in Washington, D.C.
(Top) Zioncheck holding his hand to his head as photos are taken of him in his hospital bed; (middle) Zioncheck holds up his hands while talking to reporters from his hospital bed; (bottom) Zioncheck wrapped in sheets and bound to a stretcher at Gallinger Hospital.

On May 30, 1936, his wife left him after an argument during a party at their apartment. On June 1, he became frantic and searched Washington, D.C. for her. He was arrested later that day on a lunacy warrant.[6] He was confined in Gallinger Municipal Hospital Psychopathic Ward, during which his wife returned to him.[7][8] Doctors blamed overwork and his hectic lifestyle.[9]

He was later transferred to a private facility in Towson, Maryland, but escaped and fled to Washington, where he received congressional immunity.[10]

Death[edit]

Zioncheck died after plummeting to the sidewalk from a window of his office on the fifth floor of the Arctic Building, at 3rd Avenue and Cherry Street in downtown Seattle, on August 7, 1936.[11] He struck the pavement directly in front of a car occupied by his wife. A note was found; it read, "My only hope in life was to improve the condition of an unfair economic system that held no promise to those that all the wealth of even a decent chance to survive let alone live."[12]

Zioncheck was mourned at his early death; both the University of Washington and Boeing closed down for half a day in his honor. He is buried in Evergreen Washelli Memorial Park in Seattle.

His widow, as Rubye Nix Wilson, would later become a well-known artist, and was exhibited at the Museum of Modern Art and the Kennedy Center.[13][14]

Legacy[edit]

Zioncheck is the subject of an unpublished book-length poem by Grant Cogswell, entitled Ode to Congressman Marion Zioncheck. The story of Zioncheck, and Cogswell's obsession with him, is detailed in Phil Campbell's 2005 book Zioncheck for President: A True Story of Idealism and Madness in American Politics (Nation Books; ISBN 1-56025-750-4). The option to make Campbell's book into a feature film was purchased in 2007 by producer/director Stephen Gyllenhaal.

Zioncheck is the subject of a song released by Nat Puff, better known as Left at London, in which she tells the story of Zioncheck's life. The song is entitled "The Ballad of Marion Zioncheck". The song released on June 3, 2021, and is the second track off of Puff's album T.I.A.P.F.Y.H..[15]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Survey of Conditions of the Indians in the United States". United States Senate Committee on Indian Affairs. 1940. Retrieved January 20, 2022.
  2. ^ "The Meteoric Rise and Fall of Seattle's Marion Zioncheck" (PDF). Columbia Magazine. Fall 2015. Retrieved January 20, 2022.
  3. ^ "Certificate of Death, Marion A. Zioncheck". Washington State Board of Health Bureau of Vital Statistics. August 11, 1936. Retrieved January 20, 2022.
  4. ^ "Out of Picture". Middletown Times Herald. Middletown, New York. August 3, 1936. p. 1. Retrieved January 4, 2017 – via Newspapers.com.
  5. ^ "Students Stone U.S. Congressman". The Ottawa Journal. May 14, 1936. p. 23. Retrieved January 4, 2017 – via Newspapers.com.
  6. ^ "Rep. Zioncheck Is Arrested On Lunacy Charge". The Evening Times. Sayre, Pennsylvania. June 1, 1936. p. 1. Retrieved January 4, 2017 – via Newspapers.com.
  7. ^ "Zioncheck Sick Man, Opines Psychiatrist". Spokane Daily Chronicle. June 2, 1936. Retrieved January 4, 2017 – via Google News Archive Search.
  8. ^ "Zioncheck's Last Stand?". The Fresno Bee The Republican. Fresno, California. June 3, 1936. p. 2. Retrieved January 4, 2017 – via Newspapers.com.
  9. ^ ""Over-Work" Is Blamed by Doctors for Odd Conduct Of Rep. Marion Zioncheck". The Evening News. Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. June 2, 1936. p. 1. Retrieved January 4, 2017 – via Newspapers.com.
  10. ^ "Zioncheck Again". The Daily Republican. Monongahela, Pennsylvania. July 2, 1936. p. 1. Retrieved January 4, 2017 – via Newspapers.com.
  11. ^ Connelly, Joel (November 19, 1999). "Turbulent years churned out lasting leaders". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Retrieved April 10, 2009.[permanent dead link]
  12. ^ "Rep. Zioncheck is Killed in Dive From Five-Story Window: Jumped Quickly". Corsicana Daily Sun. Corsicana, Texas. August 8, 1936. pp. 1, 7. Retrieved January 4, 2017 – via Newspapers.com.
  13. ^ "Installation view of work by Ruby Nix Wilson in the PS1 exhibition "Special Projects (Winter 1984)"". MoMA. 1984. Retrieved January 20, 2022.
  14. ^ "Artist Rubye Wilson dead at 77". Tucson Citizen. September 18, 1992. Retrieved January 20, 2022.
  15. ^ Milne, Stefan (June 22, 2021). "Left at London's New Album Is Radiantly Eclectic". Seattle Met. Retrieved November 12, 2021. One of its songs, called "The Ballad of Marion Zioncheck", is about the local 1930s congressman who fought for the New Deal, spent time in sanitariums, and died by suicide.

External links[edit]

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Washington's 1st congressional district

March 4, 1933-August 7, 1936
Succeeded by