After a force under Mariposa County Sheriff James Burney was found unequal to the task of defeating the Indians, Burney made an appeal to Governor John McDougal for help. This led to authorizing an organization of two hundred men into the Mariposa Battalion.
The Mariposa Battalion was mustered 12 February 1851. Sheriff Burney was the first choice for the major to command the unit, but Burney declined due to his other responsibilities in Mariposa. James D. Savage was then chosen as major, primarily due to his scouting abilities. The battalion was divided into three companies: Company A commanded by John J. Kuykendall, with seventy men; Company B under John Boling, with seventy-two men; and Company C, under William Dill, with fifty-five men. Other officers elected included M. B. Lewis as Adjutant, A. Brunson as surgeon and Vincent Hailor as guide.
- "Miners and the Mariposa Battalion". My Yosemite Park. Retrieved 2017-10-17.
- "Destruction and Disruption - Yosemite National Park (U.S. National Park Service)". www.nps.gov. Retrieved 2017-10-17.
- Tucker, Spencer; Arnold, James R.; Wiener, Roberta (2011-09-30). The Encyclopedia of North American Indian Wars, 1607–1890: A Political, Social, and Military History. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 9781851096978.
- "Yosemite Indians, white ally fell victim to white vigilantes". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2017-10-17.
- California and the Indian Wars: Mariposa Indian War, 1850-1851, by Warren A. Beck and Ynez D. Hasse
- California and the Indian Wars: The Mariposa War, By David A. Smith, Historian, The Burdick Military History Project, San Jose State University
- Short Overview of California Indian History