June 13, 1891|
Harrison, New Jersey
|Died: July 28, 1960
|April 18, 1914, for the Detroit Tigers|
|Last MLB appearance|
|August 8, 1918, for the Detroit Tigers|
|Runs batted in||122|
Martin Joseph Kavanagh (June 13, 1891 – July 28, 1960) was an American baseball player. He played professional baseball for six years from 1913 to 1918, including five seasons in Major League Baseball with the Detroit Tigers (1914–1916, 1918), Cleveland Indians (1916–1917), and St. Louis Cardinals (1918). He appeared in 370 major league games, 172 as a second baseman, 73 as a first baseman, 23 as an outfielder, three as a third baseman, and two as a shortstop. During his major league career, he compiled a .249 batting average and a .330 on-base percentage.
Kavanagh was born in Harrison, New Jersey, in 1891. His parents Charles and Mary Kavanagh immigrated from Ireland in 1886. At the time of the 1900 U.S. Census, his father worked as a day laborer.
After the season, the Detroit Tigers bought his contract, and he made his major league debut the following season on April 18, 1914. In July 1914, Kavanagh forgot to set his alarm and missed part of a game; backup infielder Billy Purtell's poor play led to the Tigers losing the game as a result. Kavanagh finished the 1914 season with a .248 batting average and 16 stolen bases in 128 games. In 1915, he had his best year in professional baseball. In 113 games, 44 at first base and 42 at second base, he had a .295 batting average and 13 triples. In 1916, Kavanagh struggled; his average fell to .141 in 58 games for the Tigers.
On September 2, 1916, the Tigers released Kavanagh, and he joined the Cleveland Indians. He played 19 games for the Indians in the final month of the 1916 season. In one of those games, on September 24, Kavanagh hit a grand slam as a pinch hitter, the first time in American League history that had happened. He appeared in 14 games with the Indians in 1917 and 13 to start the 1918 season.
On May 25, 1918, Kavanagh signed as a free agent with the St. Louis Cardinals. He spent the rest of the 1918 season with the Cardinals, the minor league Milwaukee Brewers, and the Tigers, retiring from the game after the season ended.
In 370 major league games, he had a .249 batting average and .330 on-base percentage.
After retiring from professional baseball, Kavanagh worked as an iron worker in the construction industry. He was also a manager in the Detroit Amateur Baseball Federation. He died in Taylor, Michigan, in 1960 at age 69.
- "Marty Kavanagh Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference, LLC. Retrieved September 1, 2014.
- 1900 U.S. Census entry for Charles Kavanagh and family. Son Martin born June 1891 in New Jersey. Census Place: Harrison Ward 4, Hudson, New Jersey; Roll: 972; Page: 17A; Enumeration District: 0020; FHL microfilm: 1240972. Ancestry.com. 1900 United States Federal Census [database on-line].
- "Marty Kavanagh Minor League Statistics & History". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference, LLC. Retrieved September 1, 2014.
- Edwards, Henry P. (July 5, 1914). "Naps Win Morning Game But Lose In Afternoon". The Plain Dealer. p. 11.
- "Indians Get Kavanagh". Arizona Daily Star. September 3, 1916. p. 6.
- Nemec, David (2006). The Official Rules of Baseball Illustrated. Globe Pequot. p. 93. ISBN 9781592288441.
- "Cardinals Sign Marty Kavanagh". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. May 25, 1918. p. 14.
- Census entry for Martin Kavanagh, ball player. Census Place: Detroit Ward 8, Wayne, Michigan; Roll: T625_808; Page: 4B; Enumeration District: 240; Image: 784. Ancestry.com. 1920 United States Federal Census [database on-line].
- Census entry for Martin Kavanagh and family. Census Place: Newark, Essex, New Jersey; Roll: 1336; Page: 9B; Enumeration District: 0655; Image: 660.0; FHL microfilm: 2341071. Ancestry.com. 1930 United States Federal Census [database on-line].
- "Marty Kavanagh, A Tiger Infielder In 1914-15, Dies". Detroit Free Press. July 30, 1960. p. 13.