Mary E. Switzer
|Mary Elizabeth Switzer|
February 16, 1900|
Newton Upper Falls, Massachusetts
|Died||October 16, 1971(aged 71)|
|Known for||Vocational Rehabilitation Act|
Mary Elizabeth Switzer (February 16, 1900 - October 16, 1971) was an American public administrator and social reformer. She is best remembered for her work on the 1954 Vocational Rehabilitation Act, which provided a great expansion of vocational rehabilitation service for people with disabilities. She publicized the government's growing role in vocational rehabilitation and encouraged expansion of vocational rehabilitation projects among non-governmental organizations.
Education and career
Switzer graduated from Radcliffe College in 1921 with a B.A. in international law and started working for the federal government: first as an assistant secretary to the Minimum Wage Board and then for U.S. Department of the Treasury under the Public Health Service and the Federal Security Agency, becoming increasingly concerned with health care issues. Switzer became director of the Office of Vocational Rehabilitation in the U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare in 1950 and the first administrator of the Social and Rehabilitation Service in 1967. She retired in 1970 as the highest ranking female bureaucrat in the federal government and became vice-president of the World Rehabilitation Fund until her death a year later.
Switzer was the first woman to serve on the Board of Directors at Georgetown University in 1969. She served as president of the National Rehabilitation Association from 1960 to 1961 and as advisor to many American health organizations, including the Menninger Foundation and St. Elizabeths Hospital. In recognition of her contributions to vocational rehabilitation, Switzer received the President's Certificate of Merit in 1948, the Albert Lasker Award in 1960 with Paul Wilson Brand and Gudmund Harlem, the American Association of Workers for the Blind's Ambrose M. Shotwell Memorial Award in 1962, and the Edward Miner Gallaudet Award in 1970.
- Mary Switzer Building, Washington D.C. houses the Department of Health and Human Services
- Mary E. Switzer Building, Woodrow Wilson Rehabilitation Center campus, Fishersville, VA, features a display of Switzer's memorabilia
- Mary Switzer Research Fellowships are administered by the U.S. Department of Education Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services
- "Mary Elizabeth Switzer (1900-1971)". Smithsonian Institution Archives. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 11 July 2013.
- Elliott, Carol K.; Joan L. Headley. "Mary Elizabeth Switzer". PolioPlace. Post-Polio Health International. Retrieved 11 July 2013.
- Tuttle, Dean; Naomi Tuttle. "Mary Elizabeth Switzer, inducted 2002". Hall of fame: Leaders and legends of the blindness field. American Printing House of the Blind, Inc. Retrieved 11 July 2013.
- "Edward Miner Gallaudet Award". Gallaudet University. Gallaudet University. Retrieved 11 July 2013.
- "Honorary Degress". Hofstra University. Hofstra University. Retrieved 11 July 2013.
- Walker, Martha Lentz (1985). Beyond bureaucracy: Mary Elizabeth Switzer and rehabilitation. University Press of America, Inc.