Mary Kim Joh
Mary C. Kim Joh (1904 – February 9, 2005), also known as Che Sik Cho, was a Korean-American music composer, academic and medical research scientist. Joh is best known for writing "School Bell" (학교종 Hak'kyo Jong) in 1945. This children's song is taught to pre-school students in South Korea.
Joh, née Kim Sam-sik (김삼식), was born in Seoul in 1904. She was the daughter of Kim Ik-seung, the founder of one of Korea's first joint-stock companies, and a niece of Kim Kyu-sik. She graduated from Ewha Womans University. In 1930, she was awarded a master's degree in music at the University of Michigan. Later in life, she earned a master's degree in science from Wayne State University.
Joh taught in the music department at Ewha. She was asked by the South Korean government to compose children's songs after the end of Japanese rule over the country. At the end of World War II, the Koreans had no Korean-language school materials. Her 1950 book on Korean folk songs is one of very few published on the subject.
In the United States, Joh changed professions. She began a second career working in a hospital laboratory.
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- Dunning, Jennifer. "Mary Kim Joh, 101, Who Wrote a Korean Anthem, Is Dead", New York Times. February 11, 2005; retrieved 2012-12-12.
- Campbell, Patricia Shehan. (1994). Roots and branches, p. 48.
- 전우용 [Jeon U-yong].《서울은 깊다 : 서울의 시공간에 대한 인문학적 탐사》[Deep Seoul: A humanistic exploration of place and time in Seoul], 돌베개 [Dolbegae], 2008, p. 364.
- "'학교종' 작곡 김메리씨 별세" ['School Bell' composer Mary Kim passes away], Hankyoreh, 2005-02-13; retrieved 2015-11-17.
- Bowman, Barbara G. "Music practices and teachers' needs for teaching music in public preschools of South Korea," Music Educators Journal. September 2008, Vol. 95, No. 1, pp. 48-53; retrieved 2012-12-13.
- WorldCat Identities: Cho, Che Sik; retrieved 2012-11-1.