Mary Stuart MacDougall

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Mary Stuart MacDougall
Mary Stuart MacDougall.jpg
Born 1885[1]
Nationality American
Occupation Biologist

Mary Stuart MacDougall (born 1885) was an American biologist who studied protozoology. She wrote Biology: The Science of Life.

Education and career[edit]

MacDougall received her Bachelor of Arts from Randolph–Macon College in 1912 before proceeding to get her Master of Science from the University of Chicago and finally, her Ph.D. from Columbia University, in 1925.[1] In 1920, MacDougall would become the head of the biology department at Agnes Scott College. She worked at Agnes Scott until 1952, when she retired.[2] Every summer, for fourteen years, MacDougall was an instructor and researcher at the Marine Biological Laboratory.[1]

While at Agnes Scott, MacDougall studied protozoology and cytology.[1] She studied the polyploid and diploid of chilodonella uncinata, as well as mutation inheritances found in them. MacDougall also researched the chromosomes of plasmodium, avian malaria and neuromotors of chlamydodon.[2]

Notable awards[edit]


  • MacDougall, Mary Stuart. "Another mutation of Chilodon uncinatus produced by ultraviolet radiation, with a description of its maturation processes." Journal of Experimental Biology.. 1931: 58.1 (p. 229-236)
  • MacDougall, Mary Stuart. Biology: The Science of Life. New York: McGraw-Hill (1943).
  • MacDougall, Mary Stuart. "Cytological Observations on Gymnostomatous Ciliates, with a Description of the Maturation Phenomena in Diploid and Tetraploid Forms of Chilodon uncinatus." Quarterly Journal of Microscopical Science. 1925: 69.3.
  • MacDougall, Mary Stuart. "The neuromotor apparatus of chlamydodon sp." Biological Bulletin. 1928: 54.6 (p. 471-484).
  • MacDougall, Mary Stuart. Study of a Georgia hillside. Chicago: University of Chicago (1916).


  1. ^ a b c d "Mary Stuart MacDougall (b. 1885)". Acc. 90-105 - Science Service, Records, 1920s-1970s. Smithsonian Institution Archives. Retrieved 24 March 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c Marilyn Bailey Ogilvie; Joy Dorothy Harvey (2000). The Biographical Dictionary of Women in Science: L-Z. Taylor & Francis. p. 819. ISBN 978-0-415-92040-7. Retrieved 24 March 2012.