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Megatripolis was an underground London nightclub created by Encyclopaedia Psychedelica/Evolution editor and founder of the Zippie movement Fraser Clark, and partner Sionaidh Craigen as well as a great many others. The club combined New Age ideology with Rave culture to create a vibrant, festival-like atmosphere presenting a wide variety of cross-cultural ideas and experiences. Club nights ran regularly on Thursdays from 1993 until 1996, being the focus of much of the Zippie movement. The club and its related activities also helped to popularise ideas such as cyberculture and the Internet between those years.
History and venues
The club first started at The Marquee in London when it was at 105 Charing Cross Road. Promoted by evolution / dream, and at first as a collaboration with Tribal Energy on Thursday nights in June 1993. The club hosted a lecture by Terence McKenna on its opening night. with DJs, Sequenci, Tribal Energy (Jez Turner), Solar Quest and Mixmaster Morris and featured an "ambient space" in the foyer and a "smart bar" on the terrace which sold various herbal drinks. With techno music playing, about 150 people attended.
The club ran weekly. After eight weeks, a disagreement between the Tribal Energy and Evolution / dream crews led to a split. Tribal Energy then continued at the Marquee with a club on the same night, called 'Metropolis', which ran for seven weeks before closing. The Evolution / dream crew consolidated and grew at the so-called Stansted Tree Party in September 1993 – a protest event to prevent woods near Stansted Airport in Essex being cleared to make way for housing development.
On 21 October 1993, the Heaven nightclub under Charing Cross railway station became home to the club. 3,000 people attended for the free opening night. Heaven was London's original gay-only nightclub, but had run non-gay (known as Pyramid) nights for many years, including clubs such as Rage, Earth, Spectrum and Land of Oz. The club had the distinction of being full or almost full for every night of its 155-week run at Heaven.
The Megatripolis 'Festival in a box' on Thursday nights attracted a diverse audience from a wide age range, many of whom would not otherwise have considered going clubbing. By early 1994, it had also taken over the adjoining Sound Shaft nightclub and turned it into an ambient space with frequent all-night sets by Mixmaster Morris on the club's fourth separate sound stage. The club had many DJs from across the broad spectrum of London's underground music scene. Megatripolis also promoted several large parties at Bagley's in Kings Cross and escalated its political agenda by renting an armoured car for the Criminal Justice and Public Order Bill protest rally in July 1994.
A three-CD album representing the club's music was released in July 1996 on Funky Peace Productions 2000 featuring mixes by DJ regulars and packaged in hemp (tree-free) paper. All production equipment owned by the club was distributed to members of the club's crew. The rented premises under St.Pancras station were handed over to what was to become "Escape from Samsara", a club formed by some of the original Megatripolis crew which went on to run weekly Friday nights for 7 years at The Fridge in Brixton.
A Megatripolis event was also staged at the Hacienda in Manchester, and several times at The Rocket in North London with Energique.
Culture and events
Megatripolis proved popular, although some reporting of it suggested a conflict between an avowed downplay of psychedelic drugs and an enthusiasm for substance use by some club-goers. In any event, the club provided a meeting place of like-minded people and served as a platform for social awareness and activism as well as more traditional nightclub fare.
Typical evenings combined lectures and workshops with live musical performances accompanied by live video mixing and theatre. Musical styles were diverse, and included progressive house, trance, deep house, minimal techno and dub. The club played a seminal role in promoting trance music. Visits from speakers such as Allen Ginsberg, Terence McKenna, George Monbiot, Howard Marks and Ram Dass were common. Ginsberg's 1995 appearance was made into the film Allen Ginsberg Live in London.
Guest DJs included James Monro, Colin Faver, Colin Dale, Alex Paterson, Andrew Weatherall, Mr. C, Tsuyoshi Suzuki, Youth and many others, but also featured sound system nights when Flying Rhino, Juno Reactor, Zero Gravity, Liberator and others took over the main dance floor which was the birth of Psychedelic Trance, the upgrade of Goa Trance and also Tripship, Sugarlump, Slack and others. The club's resident DJs were Darius Akashic, Sequenci, Richard Grey, and Marco Arnaldi, at least one of them was on the main dance floor every week. Marcus Pennell was resident VJ. Atmospheric music combined with sound effects was played along to films in the "chill-out rooms" set apart from the dance floors.
New-age stalls occupied the central hallway selling non-alcoholic energy (or "smart") drinks, body jewellery, alternative "small press" comics and magazines (such as the short-lived, but influential Head Magazine), as well as T-shirts and other clothing. The club also encouraged face and body painters, massage therapists, healers and magicians.
Also notable were early demonstrations of the World Wide Web at a time when most patrons were just beginning to be aware of what was then termed cyberculture, something seen as an important, if not defining, part of the Zippie future. Underground bulletin boards such as London's pHreak hosted live "cyber events" from the club. In what was seen as very progressive at the time, a live video interview with Arthur C Clarke was conducted from his home in Sri Lanka on a portable satellite phone system. Similarly, Timothy Leary was transmitted into the club via ISDN giving a video interview from his home in the Los Angeles hills, ISDN having been installed at his house for the link. Leary had been banned from entering the UK in person by the British government in the 1960s, a ban that was still in force at the time. The Dalai Lama also gave a lecture at the club from the Barbican via ISDN on Thursday 18 July 1996. This link didn't work properly and was the final reason for the club's closure in October 1996.
Environmental issues were an important part of the club's remit and another part of the Zippie agenda. Anti-road protests were advertised on its internal noticeboards, hemp fashion shows were staged, environmental lectures and debates took place in the talk room called "The Well", and bicycle-powered sound-systems played on several occasions in various rooms. megatripolis was the key mover in climate change promotion at this time and the club was continued after the crew split in early 1995 due to the importance of promoting environmental issues.
A UK tour took place in the spring / summer of 1996 including venues such as the Hacienda, Manchester, Junction, Cambridge, Zap Brighton and others. Two gigs were also held at the Mad club in Athens, Greece in 1996.
An offshoot of the club was started by Fraser Clark and others, in San Francisco in late 1994. It ran for five consecutive weeks before closing.
The sixth and final night of the club was a "launch rave" hosted by Ronin Publishing for Timothy Leary's book Chaos And Cyber Culture. In true "illegal UK rave" tradition, patrons were given the event's location at a nearby burger joint. Leary jammed and performed jazz skat with famous Bay Area musician Maruga. He was later kidnapped by the Zippie Soundsystem and forced to release a statement condemning the UK Prime Minister John Major and the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994, which famously banned outdoor parties with music that included an "emission of a succession of repetitive beats".
Leary exerted a powerful influence over the philosophy of the club and the Zippie movement overall. An indication of this can be found in the introduction to his posthumous book The Fugitive Philosopher (Ronin Press, September 2007) written by Fraser Clark. The original title of the piece, published in Clark's online magazine the UP!
Megatripolis in popular culture
Megatripolis is referenced in the BBC TV comedy 'Absolutely Fabulous' and on the Red Hot Chili Peppers album 'Stadium Arcadium'. Well-known people who attended the club as visitors included Malcolm McLaren, Lynne Franks, The Pet Shop Boys, Björk, Heather Small, and Richard Branson.
Megatripolis Reunion Benefit for Fraser Clark
In 2008 Fraser Clark announced that he had inoperable liver cancer. In farewell to him, a final Megatripolis was held at Heaven on 13 November. He died on 21 January 2009.
- Raynolds, Simon "Energy Flash", page 287 Picardor 1998
- Others involved at the beginning of the club included Allen Hyman, Marcus Pennell, Andy Lockwood, the Scooby Doobies, Matthew Freeth, Martin Kavanagh, Lucy Wills, Dorcas Perry, Martin and Lynn Tucker, Alistair Brook, Des O'Leary (and other members of the Evolution collective), Tribal Energy, Nik Sequenci, Eenasul Fateh and others
- BBC Two "yoof" DEF II news programme Reportage, Reportage on Megatripolis
- "10 venues where genres were invented". Mixmag.
- "Sir Arthur C Clarke at megatripolis" – via www.youtube.com.
- Guardian Staff (24 August 1999). "Disco divas turn the tables". the Guardian.
- "Absolutely Fabulous: Eddy & Patsy's New Year's Eve Happening" – via www.youtube.com.
- "YouTube – Megatripolis". Retrieved 28 May 2009.
- "YouTube – Sir Arthur C Clarke lecture, live archive clip Steve Teers". Retrieved 28 May 2009.
- "Home". Retrieved 28 May 2009.
- "Megatripolis @ Planetzed.co.uk". Retrieved 28 May 2009.
- "Big issue article". Retrieved 18 November 2011.
- "megatripolis flyers set, megatripolitans, few photos by Pav Modelski club photographer and others". Retrieved 26 September 2011.
- "Sir Arthur C Clarke interview archive film footage megatripolis Heaven nightclub – FULL interview". Retrieved 20 December 2011.
- "YouTube – mega-t archive film, promo footage Steve Teers". Retrieved 28 May 2009.
- "YouTube – Fifth Internationale – archive film of Allen Ginsberg at megatripolis youtube". Retrieved 28 May 2009.
- "Terence Mckenna archive film footage at megatripolis". Retrieved 28 May 2009.
- "Details magazine article June 94". Retrieved 9 December 2011.
- "Allen Ginsberg reads 'Hum Bom!' at megatripolis live archive footage Steve Teers". Retrieved 28 May 2009.
- "megatripolis album at discogs". Retrieved 28 May 2009.
- "megatripolis facebook page". Retrieved 28 May 2009.
- "Few press clippings". Retrieved 28 May 2009.
- "A delve in the archives- archive footage from the club edited by Steve Teers of Diva Pictures www.divapix.co.uk". Retrieved 28 May 2009.
- "mega-t 2nd birthday poster". Retrieved 4 September 2011.
- "Megatripolis archive footage clips 1994-1996". Retrieved 31 January 2021.
- "Short video clip of drumming, chanting at megatripolis 1994". Retrieved 18 February 2021.
- "Short video clip of Hex performance and stalls megatripolis 1994". Retrieved 18 July 2021.
- "Short film clip of a lady eco-warrior speaking at megatripolis late 1993". Retrieved 18 July 2021.