Melilotus wolgicus

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Melilotus wolgicus
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Genus: Melilotus
Species: M. wolgicus
Binomial name
Melilotus wolgicus

Melilotus wolgicus, the Volga sweet-clover or Russian melilot, is native to Russia and Kazakhstan, where it is common in the lower Volga and Don valleys. The species is also naturalized in Manitoba and Saskatchewan, where the climate is similar to that of its native range.[1] The plant has been discussed as a potential forage crop, as it is tolerant to cold and to drought, and reportedly more productive than M. albus.[2][3]

Melilotus wolgicus is a biennial herb with a large taproot. Stems can reach a height of 150 cm (59 in), frequently branching above ground. Leaves are trifoliate with ovate to lanceolate leaflets. Flowers are up to 3.5 mm (0.14 in) long, white with pink veins.[4][5][6]


  1. ^ Boivin, B. 1967. Flora of the Prairie Provinces. Phytologia 15(6): 329–446.
  2. ^ Agroatlas, Interactive Ecological Agricultural Atlas of Russia and Neighboring Countries, N.I. Dzyubenko & E.A. Dzyubenko
  3. ^ Brezhnev D.D., Korovina O.N. 1980. Wild relatives of the cultivated plants of flora of the USSR. Leningrad: Kolos. 376 pp
  4. ^ Poiret, Jean Louis Marie, in Lamarck, Jean Baptiste Antoine Pierre de Monnet de. 1814. Encyclopédie Méthodique. Botanique, Supplément 3(2): 648.
  5. ^ Grossheim A.A. 1945. Genus Melilotus. Flora of the USSR. Vol. 11. Moscow-Leningrad: USSR.
  6. ^ Pavlov N.B., ed. 1961. Flora of Kazakhstan. Vol. 5. Alma-Ata: AN KazSSR. 515 pp.