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Afbeeldingen van zeldzaame gewassen (Tab. XVI) BHL285511.jpg
Melolobium aethiopicum
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Faboideae
Tribe: Genisteae[1]
Genus: Melolobium
Eckl. & Zeyh.

15; see text.

Melolobium is a genus of 15[2] species of flowering plants belonging to the legume family, Fabaceae. It is native to southern Africa, where it is found in south and east Namibia, southwest Botswana, and most of South Africa.

These plants are perennial herbs and small shrubs. Many are spiny. The leaves have three leaflets. The inflorescence is a terminal raceme of flowers. The flowers are yellow, sometimes fading orange or purple.[2]


Melolobium comprises the following species:[3][4][5]

Species names with uncertain taxonomic status[edit]

The status of the following species is unresolved:[5]

  • Melolobium collinum Eckl. & Zeyh.
  • Melolobium lampolobum (E.Mey.) Moteetee & B.-E.van Wyk
  • Melolobium macrocalyx Dümmer
  • Melolobium spicatum Eckl. & Zeyh.
  • Melolobium squarrosum Eckl. & Zeyh.


  1. ^ Cardoso D, Pennington RT, de Queiroz LP, Boatwright JS, Van Wyk BE, Wojciechowski MF, Lavin M (2013). "Reconstructing the deep-branching relationships of the papilionoid legumes". S Afr J Bot. 89: 58–75. doi:10.1016/j.sajb.2013.05.001. 
  2. ^ a b Moteetee, A., & van Wyk, B. E. (2006). A revision of the genus Melolobium (Genisteae, Fabacaeae). South African Journal of Botany, 72(1), 51-98.
  3. ^ "ILDIS LegumeWeb entry for Melolobium". International Legume Database & Information Service. Cardiff School of Computer Science & Informatics. Retrieved 15 April 2014. 
  4. ^ USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. "GRIN species records of Melolobium". Germplasm Resources Information Network—(GRIN) [Online Database]. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. Retrieved 15 April 2014. 
  5. ^ a b "The Plant List entry for Melolobium". The Plant List. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and the Missouri Botanical Garden. 2013. Retrieved 15 April 2014.