Memorial to the Sinti and Roma Victims of National Socialism
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The Memorial to the Sinti and Roma Victims of National Socialism is a memorial in Berlin, Germany. The monument is dedicated to the memory of the 220,000 - 500,000 people murdered in the Porajmos – the Nazi genocide of the European Sinti and Roma peoples. It was designed by Dani Karavan and was officially opened on 24 October 2012 by German Chancellor Angela Merkel in the presence of President Joachim Gauck.
Location and design
The memorial was designed by the Israeli artist Dani Karavan  and consists of a dark, circular pool of water at the centre of which there is a triangular stone. The triangular shape of the stone is in reference to the badges that had to be worn by concentration camp prisoners. The stone is retractable and a fresh flower is placed upon it daily. In bronze letters around the edge of the pool is the poem 'Auschwitz' by Roma poet Santino Spinelli, although the monument commemorates all Roma and Sinti murdered during the Porajmos:
- Gaunt face
- dead eyes
- cold lips
- a broken heart
- out of breath
- without words
- no tears
Information boards surround the memorial and provide a chronology of the genocide of the Sinti and Roma.
The establishment of a permanent memorial to Sinti and Roma victims of the Nazi regime was a long-standing demand of the Central Council of German Sinti and Roma and the German Sinti Alliance. In 1992 the Federal Government agreed to build a monument but the memorial faced years of delay and disputes over its design and location. The city of Berlin initially wanted to place it in the less prominent district of Marzahn, where hundreds of Roma and Sinti were held in terrible conditions from 1936. In 2001 it was agreed to site it in the Tiergarten close to other Holocaust memorials but work did not officially commence until 19 December 2008, the commemoration day for victims of the Porajmos. The memorial was completed at a cost of 2.8 million euros and unveiled by Angela Merkel on 24 October 2012.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Memorial to the Sinti and Roma in Berlin-Tiergarten.|
- An official EU website on "The Fate of European Roma and Sinti During the Holocaust"
- BBC News "Merkel opens Roma Holocaust Memorial in Berlin" 24 October 2012. Retrieved on 10 August 2013
- Official website of Dani Karavan
- The German foundation "Foundation Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe"
- Kuhla, Karoline (24 October 2012). "A Monument to the Porajmos: Sinti and Roma Holocaust Victims Remembered in Berlin". Spiegel Online International. Retrieved 12 June 2014.
- "The Roma Holocaust memorial that wasn't built in a day". Haaretz.com. 14 September 2012. Retrieved 12 June 2014.