Meteosat 8

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Meteosat 8
Artist's view of a Second Generation Meteosat (MSG)
Mission typeWeather satellite
COSPAR ID2002-040B Edit this at Wikidata
SATCAT no.27509
Mission duration≥ 14 years
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft typeMSG
ManufacturerAlcatel Space
Launch mass2,040 kilograms (4,500 lb)
Power600 watts
Start of mission
Launch date28 August 2002, 22:45:00 (2002-08-28UTC22:45Z) UTC
RocketAriane 5G V155
Launch siteKourou ELA-3
End of mission
Disposalraised 740km above Geostationary Ring, spin reduced to 20rpm, propulsion systems passivated, electronics deactivated
DeactivatedOctober 2022
Last contact13 October 2022 (2022-10-14)
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
Longitude3.4° West (2004-2008)
9.5° East (2008-2013)
3.5° East (2013-2016)
41.5° East (2016-2022)
Period24 hours
DCS (Data Collection Service)
GEOSAR (Geostationary Search and Rescue)
GERB (Geostationary Earth Radiation Budget)
SEVIRI (Spinning Enhanced Visible Infra-Red Imager)

Meteosat 8 is a weather satellite, also known as MSG 1. The Meteosat series are operated by EUMETSAT under the Meteosat Transition Programme (MTP) and the Meteosat Second Generation (MSG) program. Notable for imaging the first meteor to be predicted to strike the Earth, 2008 TC3.[1] Launched 28 Aug 2002 by an Ariane V155, this European Meteorology satellite is in a Geostationary orbit.

While Meteosat 8 meteorological instruments are working, solid state power amplifier SSPA-C failed in October 2002.

On 22 May 2007, the satellite experienced an unexpected orbit change. This was initially assessed as due to a hit by an unknown object, but that was later assessed not to be credible.[2] The thermal protection was damaged at the same time as the orbit change. Subsequent investigation assessed the Meteosat-8 spinning spacecraft's orbit change due to the mass release of thermal covering whose attachment failed. Meteosat-8 is still operating, and as of April 2013 is providing a backup capability to the Meteosat-10 primary 0-degree Full Earth Scan Service and also a backup to the Meteosat-9 Rapid Scan Service over Europe.

In May 2012 Meteosat-8 switched to operating in an Earth Sensor Mode due to a problem with the Sun sensor data on board. After modifying the ground image processing system the Rapid Scan Service image quality was restored back to nominal.[3]

On 29 June 2016, EUMETSAT approved the proposal of relocating Meteosat-8 to 41.5°E, for the continuation of the Indian Ocean Data Coverage (IODC), replacing Meteosat-7.[4] Meteosat-8 arrived at 41.5°E on 21 September. The distribution of IODC Meteosat-8 data, in parallel to Meteosat-7 data, started on 20 October.[5] On 1 February 2017, Meteosat-8 replaced Meteosat-7 as the official EUMETSAT geostationary satellite for the Indian Ocean.[6][7][8]

Meteosat-8 had used up most of its available fuel by 2020, leaving the remaining fuel to be used for safe removal to an altitude 740km above the geostationary ring and slowing the satellite's spin rate. Although not designed to comply with the more recent ISO-24113 guidelines for space debris mitigation, EUMETSAT chose to do so in the case of Meteosat-8 as it had done so the year before for the polar-orbiting Metop-A. Meteosat-8 was finally decommissioned in October 2022 after twenty years in orbit.[9]


  1. ^ "ASTEROID IMPACT". 2008-10-08. Retrieved 2008-10-08.
  2. ^ "Meteosat-8 [MSG-1]". EUMETSAT. 9 July 2007. Retrieved 2008-10-08.
  3. ^ "Sun Sensor Anomaly". EUMETSAT. 24 May 2012. Retrieved 2012-05-24.
  4. ^ "EUMETSAT Approves New Strategy and Move of Meteosat-8 Over the Indian Ocean". EUMETSAT. 29 June 2016. Archived from the original on 1 August 2018. Retrieved 30 June 2016.
  5. ^ Lean, K.; Bormann, N. (January 2018). "Indian Ocean AMVs: Moving to Meteosat-8 and assessing alternative options" (PDF). Retrieved November 5, 2022.
  6. ^ "Following a decision of the EUMETSAT Council in June 2016, Meteosat-8 replaced Meteosat-7 as the EUMETSAT geostationary satellite observing the Indian Ocean today". EUMETSAT. 2017-02-01. Archived from the original on 2020-10-24. Retrieved 2020-03-03.
  7. ^ "The distribution of IODC Meteosat-8 data, in parallel to Meteosat-7 data, is planned to start in October". EUMETSAT. 7 July 2016. Archived from the original on 1 August 2018. Retrieved 11 July 2016.
  8. ^ "Where old satellites go to die".
  9. ^ "Meteosat Second Generation (MSG) provides images of the full Earth disc, and data for weather forecasts". Archived from the original on 30 August 2020. Retrieved 19 October 2020.