Michael Rose (British Army officer)
|Sir Michael Rose|
Michael Rose (left) with John Shalikashvili in 1994
5 January 1940 |
|Years of service||1959–1997|
|Commands held||United Nations Protection Force (1994–95)
UK Field Army (1993–94)
Staff College, Camberley (1991–93)
2nd Infantry Division (1989–91)
Director Special Forces (1988–89)
Special Air Service (1979–82)
|Awards||Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath
Commander of the Order of the British Empire
Distinguished Service Order
Queen's Gallantry Medal
South Atlantic Medal
Mentioned in Despatches (2)
General Sir Hugh Michael Rose KCB, CBE, DSO, QGM (born 5 January 1940), often known as Mike Rose, is a retired British Army general. As well as Special Air Service Regiment commanding officer, he was Commander UNPROFOR Bosnia in 1994 during the Yugoslav Wars.
He enlisted in the Territorial and Army Volunteer Reserve (TAVR) as a private soldier and was commissioned into the Gloucestershire Regiment TAVR on 17 March 1959, transferring to the Rifle Brigade as a second lieutenant on 1 June 1959. Rose was confirmed in this rank and promoted to lieutenant on 18 December 1960. and attached to the Inns of Court, (TAVR).
Rose transferred to the Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve (RAFVR) (General Duties Branch) as acting pilot officer, with the service number 207004, on a three-year commission on 2 November 1961, but relinquished the commission on 11 October 1963.
On graduation from university, having gained a Bachelor of Arts degree, he joined the Regular Army Coldstream Guards as second lieutenant on 22 October 1964. and was promoted lieutenant on the same day.
Rose was promoted major on 31 December 1972, and after attending the Staff College, Camberley, became the Brigade Major 16th Parachute Brigade from 1973 until 1975, serving in Northern Ireland attached to the Devon and Dorset Regiment and being awarded a Mention in Despatches. He was promoted lieutenant colonel on 30 June 1978. and was Commanding Officer of the regular and reserve SAS Regiments from 1979 to 1982, as part of which he was in control of the operation to free the hostages of the Iranian Embassy Siege in 1980. Rose was appointed an Officer of the Order of the British Empire on 7 January 1980. Serving in Northern Ireland in 1981 Rose earned a Queen's Gallantry Medal, which was finally gazetted in 1994.
Rose commanded Special Service operations in-theatre during the Falklands War, following which he was promoted to colonel on 30 June 1982, and Mentioned in Despatches. After being promoted brigadier on 31 December 1983, he served as the commander of the 39th Infantry Brigade from 1983 to 1985.
He was appointed a Commander of the Order of the British Empire in April 1986. In 1987, Rose was the Commandant of the School of Infantry until 1988, when he became the first Director Special Forces until 1989. He attended the Royal College of Defence Studies.
Rose was General Officer Commanding North East District and Commander 2nd Infantry Division based in York from 30 October 1989 to 30 September 1991, During this period he was promoted major general. Between 1991 and 8 April 1993 he served as Commandant of the Staff College, Camberley, following which he was promoted lieutenant general on 17 May 1993, and knighted as a Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath. From 26 April 1993 to 1994, Rose served as Commander UK Field Army and Inspector-General of the Territorial Army.
From 24 January 1994 to 23 January 1995 he was Commander, United Nations Protection Force, Bosnia-Herzegovina. His service in this period was recognised on 5 May 1995 when he was awarded the Distinguished Service Order.
On 14 March 1995 Rose resumed his appointment as Commander UK Field Army, and on 10 May 1995 became Honorary Colonel of the Oxford University Officer Training Corps. Rose became Adjutant-General on 7 July 1995, and Aide-de-Camp General to The Queen on 9 September 1995, in which role he served until 31 August 1997.
Rose was appointed Colonel of the Regiment of the Coldstream Guards on 23 August 1999. On 10 March 2000 his tenure as Honorary Colonel of the Oxford University Officer Training Corps came to a conclusion, and he was succeeded by General Sir Roger Wheeler.
Rose is a director of Control Risks Group, a private security and consulting company.
Opposition to Iraq war
In 2006 Rose came once again to public attention when he criticised British Prime Minister Tony Blair, and called for his impeachment for leading the country to war in Iraq under false pretences. This highlighted Rose's unease about the legality and practicality of the 2003 American-led invasion of Iraq.
In 2007, he called for the admission of defeat and withdrawal of Coalition forces from Iraq, describing the war as "hopeless" and comparing the situation to that faced by the British during the American Revolutionary War.
- The London Gazette: . 22 May 1959.
- The London Gazette: . 17 July 1959.
- The London Gazette: . 14 February 1961.
- The London Gazette: . 23 May 1961.
- The London Gazette: . 13 March 1962.
- The London Gazette: . 27 December 1963.
- The London Gazette: . 13 November 1964.
- The London Gazette: . 23 April 1965.
- The London Gazette: . 1 January 1973.
- The London Gazette: . 12 December 1977.
- The London Gazette: . 11 July 1978.
- The London Gazette: . 7 January 1980.
- The London Gazette: . 21 November 1994.
- The London Gazette: . 19 July 1982.
- The London Gazette: . 8 October 1982.
- The London Gazette: . 16 January 1984.
- "Army Commands" (PDF). 26 July 2016.
- The London Gazette: . 14 April 1986.
- SAS chief criticised for joining action quits
- The London Gazette: . 30 October 1989.
- The London Gazette: . 21 October 1991.
- The London Gazette: . 26 February 1990.
- The London Gazette: . 8 April 1993.
- The London Gazette: . 28 May 1993.
- The London Gazette: . 30 December 1993.
- The London Gazette: . 10 May 1993.
- The London Gazette: . 7 February 1994.
- The London Gazette: . 23 January 1995.
- The London Gazette: . 5 May 1995.
- The London Gazette: . 13 March 1995.
- The London Gazette: . 20 March 1995.
- The London Gazette: . 11 July 1995.
- The London Gazette: . 11 September 1995.
- The London Gazette: . 1 September 1997.
- The London Gazette: . 14 September 1999.
- The London Gazette: . 14 March 2000.
- Verbatim record of public sitting held on 24 March 2006
- The London Gazette: . 5 August 2003.
- Enough of his excuses: Blair must be impeached over Iraq The Guardian, 10 January 2006
- "Impeach Blair over Iraq". BBC News. 9 January 2006. Retrieved 18 July 2015.
- Insurgents 'right to take on US' BBC news, 3 May 2007
- Brendan Simms (2001), Unfinest Hour: Britain and the Destruction of Bosnia, Allen Lane The Penguin Press
|Director Special Forces
|General Officer Commanding the 2nd Infantry Division
|Commandant of the Staff College, Camberley
Sir Michael Wilkes
|Commander UK Field Army
Sir Richard Swinburn
Sir Michael Wilkes
Sir Alexander Harley
Hon. Sir William Rous
|Colonel of the Coldstream Guards
Sir James Bucknall