Michele J. Gelfand

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Michele J. Gelfand
Academic background
Alma mater
Academic work
Sub-disciplinecultural psychology

Michele J. Gelfand is an American cultural psychologist. She is both a professor of organizational behavior and the John H. Scully professor of cross-cultural management at the Stanford Graduate School of Business, and – by courtesy – a professor of psychology at the School of Humanities and Sciences of Stanford University.[1] She has published research on tightness–looseness theory.

Education and career[edit]

Gelfand graduated from Colgate University with a B.A. in psychology in 1989. In 1996 she completed a PhD in social psychology and organizational psychology at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign,[2] where she studied under Harry Triandis.[3] She was on the faculty of New York University from 1995 to 1996, and worked at the University of Maryland, College Park from 1996 to 2021. Thereafter, she began her current positions at Stanford University.[2]

She is an editor of Advances in Culture and Psychology, which she co-founded; Psychology of Conflict and Conflict Management in Organizations; and The Handbook of Negotiation and Culture.[4] She was the president of the International Association for Conflict Management from 2009 to 2010.[2][5]


Gelfand has published work on the influences of culture on conflict and resolution and on revenge and forgiveness. She has worked on theoretical frameworks such as individualismcollectivism and tightness–looseness theory;[2][3] her book on this topic, Rule Makers, Rule Breakers: How Tight and Loose Cultures Wire Our World, was published in 2018.[6] In 2023 she had an h-index of 85, according to Google Scholar[7]

Awards and honors[edit]


  1. ^ "Michele J. Gelfand". Stanford Graduate School of Business. Retrieved September 21, 2021.
  2. ^ a b c d Gelfand, Michele (April 18, 2023). "Michele J. Gelfand Curriculum Vitae". Michele Gelfand - About. Retrieved April 18, 2023.
  3. ^ a b "Research: Culture and Psychology". Michele F. Gelfand. University of Maryland Department of Psychology. Archived from the original on October 18, 2015. Retrieved June 2, 2016.
  4. ^ Matthew (November 4, 2014). "Michele Gelfand, University of Maryland – American Regionalism". The Academic Minute. WAMC Northeast Public Radio. Retrieved June 1, 2016.
  5. ^ "24th Annual Conference of the International Association for Conflict Management". Association Française d'Economie Expérimentale. Retrieved June 1, 2016.
  6. ^ Gelfand, Michele J. (September 11, 2018). Rule makers, rule breakers : how tight and loose cultures wire our world (First Scribner hardcover ed.). New York, NY. ISBN 978-1-5011-5293-1. LCCN 2018010275. OCLC 1039191230. OL 26975086M.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
  7. ^ "Michele Gelfand". scholar.google.com. Retrieved April 18, 2023.
  8. ^ "Past SIOP Award Recipients". Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology. Retrieved June 3, 2016.
  9. ^ "Cummings Scholarly Achievement Award, Past Award Winners". Organizational Behavior Division of the Academy of Management. May 31, 2016. Retrieved June 3, 2016.
  10. ^ "IACM Outstanding Article or Book Chapter Award Recipients". International Association of Conflict Management. Retrieved June 3, 2016.
  11. ^ "Distinguished Scholar Teacher Recipients". University of Maryland Office of Faculty Affairs. Retrieved June 3, 2016.
  12. ^ "CMD Sponsored Awards". Academy of Management, Conflict Management Division. Archived from the original on January 14, 2007. Retrieved June 3, 2016.
  13. ^ "Gelfand Receives Anneliese Maier Research Award". Association for Psychological Science - Aps. October 4, 2012. Retrieved June 2, 2016.
  14. ^ "Gordon Allport Intergroup Relations Prize Winners" (PDF). Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues. Retrieved June 3, 2016.
  15. ^ "William A. Owens Scholarly Achievement Award, Past Recipients". American Psychological Association. Retrieved June 3, 2016.
  16. ^ "Diener Award in Social Psychology, Past Recipients". Society for Personality and Social Psychology. Retrieved June 3, 2016.
  17. ^ "Outstanding International Psychologist Awards, Past Recipients". American Psychological Association. Retrieved June 6, 2018.
  18. ^ "Two University of Maryland Faculty Elected to American Academy of Arts and Sciences". UMD Right Now :: University of Maryland. April 17, 2019. Retrieved March 8, 2020.
  19. ^ "News from the National Academy of Sciences". April 26, 2021. Retrieved July 2, 2021. Newly elected members and their affiliations at the time of election are: ... Gelfand, Michele J.; distinguished university professor, department of psychology, University of Maryland, College Park