Michele J. Gelfand

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Michele J. Gelfand
Psychologist Michele Gelfand.jpg
Academic background
Alma mater
Academic work
Sub-disciplinecultural psychology

Michele J. Gelfand is an American cultural psychologist. She is both a professor of organizational behavior and the John H. Scully professor of cross-cultural management at the Stanford Graduate School of Business, and – by courtesy – a professor of psychology at the School of Humanities and Sciences of Stanford University.[1] She has published research on tightness–looseness theory.

Education and career[edit]

Gelfand graduated from Colgate University with a B.A. in psychology in 1989. In 1996 she completed a PhD in social psychology and organizational psychology at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign,[2] where she studied under Harry Triandis.[3] She was on the faculty of New York University from 1995 to 1996, and worked at the University of Maryland, College Park from 1996.[2]

She is an editor of Advances in Culture and Psychology, which she co-founded; Psychology of Conflict and Conflict Management in Organizations; and The Handbook of Negotiation and Culture.[4] She was the president of the International Association for Conflict Management from 2009 to 2010.[2][5]


Gelfand has published work on the influences of culture on conflict and resolution and on revenge and forgiveness. She has worked on theoretical frameworks such as individualismcollectivism and tightness–looseness theory;[2][3] her book on this topic, Rule Makers, Rule Breakers: How Tight and Loose Cultures Wire Our World, was published in 2018.[6] In 2021 she had an h-index of 54, according to Scopus.[7]

Awards and honors[edit]


  1. ^ "Michele J. Gelfand". Stanford Graduate School of Business. Retrieved September 21, 2021.
  2. ^ a b c d "Michele J. Gelfand Curriculum Vitae" (PDF). University of Maryland Department of Psychology. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 12, 2017. Retrieved March 9, 2017.
  3. ^ a b "Research: Culture and Psychology". Michele F. Gelfand. University of Maryland Department of Psychology. Archived from the original on October 18, 2015. Retrieved June 2, 2016.
  4. ^ Matthew (November 4, 2014). "Michele Gelfand, University of Maryland – American Regionalism". The Academic Minute. WAMC Northeast Public Radio. Retrieved June 1, 2016.
  5. ^ "24th Annual Conference of the International Association for Conflict Management". Association Française d'Economie Expérimentale. Retrieved June 1, 2016.
  6. ^ Gelfand, Michele J. (September 11, 2018). Rule makers, rule breakers : how tight and loose cultures wire our world (First Scribner hardcover ed.). New York, NY. ISBN 978-1-5011-5293-1. LCCN 2018010275. OCLC 1039191230. OL 26975086M.
  7. ^ Author last name "Gelfand" , Author first name "Michelle". Scopus. Accessed July 2021.
  8. ^ "Past SIOP Award Recipients". Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology. Retrieved June 3, 2016.
  9. ^ "Cummings Scholarly Achievement Award, Past Award Winners". Organizational Behavior Division of the Academy of Management. May 31, 2016. Retrieved June 3, 2016.
  10. ^ "IACM Outstanding Article or Book Chapter Award Recipients". International Association of Conflict Management. Retrieved June 3, 2016.
  11. ^ "Distinguished Scholar Teacher Recipients". University of Maryland Office of Faculty Affairs. Retrieved June 3, 2016.
  12. ^ "CMD Sponsored Awards". Academy of Management, Conflict Management Division. Archived from the original on January 14, 2007. Retrieved June 3, 2016.
  13. ^ "Gelfand Receives Anneliese Maier Research Award". Association for Psychological Science - Aps. October 4, 2012. Retrieved June 2, 2016.
  14. ^ "Gordon Allport Intergroup Relations Prize Winners" (PDF). Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues. Retrieved June 3, 2016.
  15. ^ "William A. Owens Scholarly Achievement Award, Past Recipients". American Psychological Association. Retrieved June 3, 2016.
  16. ^ "Diener Award in Social Psychology, Past Recipients". Society for Personality and Social Psychology. Retrieved June 3, 2016.
  17. ^ "Outstanding International Psychologist Awards, Past Recipients". American Psychological Association. Retrieved June 6, 2018.
  18. ^ "Two University of Maryland Faculty Elected to American Academy of Arts and Sciences". UMD Right Now :: University of Maryland. April 17, 2019. Retrieved March 8, 2020.
  19. ^ "News from the National Academy of Sciences". April 26, 2021. Retrieved July 2, 2021. Newly elected members and their affiliations at the time of election are: ... Gelfand, Michele J.; distinguished university professor, department of psychology, University of Maryland, College Park