Middle colic artery

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Middle colic artery
The superior mesenteric artery and its branches. (Middle colic visible at center top.)
Colonic blood supply.svg
Colonic blood supply (Middle colic artery is #6)
Source superior mesenteric artery
Vein Middle colic vein
Supplies transverse colon
Latin arteria colica media
MeSH 12153955
TA A12.2.12.067
FMA 14810
Anatomical terminology

The middle colic artery is a branch of the superior mesenteric artery that mostly supplies the transverse colon. It arises just below the pancreas. It passes inferiorly and anteriorly between the layers of the transverse mesocolon, and divides into left and right branches. The right branch anastomoses with the right colic artery, and the left anastomoses with the left colic artery, a branch of the inferior mesenteric artery. This sequence of anastomses are frequently referred to as the marginal artery of the colon.

The arches thus formed are placed about two fingers’ breadth from the transverse colon, to which they distribute branches.

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This article incorporates text in the public domain from the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918)

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