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Vessels of the uterus and its appendages, rear view. (Uterine artery labeled at center right.)
|Source||internal iliac artery (i.e. hypogastric artery)|
|Supplies||round ligament of the uterus, ovary, uterus, vagina, uterine tube|
The uterine artery usually arises from the anterior division of the internal iliac artery. It travels to the uterus, crossing the ureter anteriorly, reaching the uterus by traveling in the cardinal ligament.
The uterine artery is the major blood supply to the uterus and enlarges significantly during pregnancy.
Branches and organs supplied
- round ligament of the uterus
- ovary ("Ovarian branches")
- uterus (arcuate vessels)
- vagina ("Vaginal branches" - azygos arteries of the vagina)
- uterine tube ("Tubal branch")
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