Uterine artery

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Uterine artery
Arteries of the female reproductive tract: uterine artery, ovarian artery and vaginal arteries. (Uterine artery labeled at center.)
Vessels of the uterus and its appendages, rear view. (Uterine artery labeled at center right.)
Source internal iliac artery (i.e. hypogastric artery)
Vein uterine veins
Supplies round ligament of the uterus, ovary, uterus, vagina, uterine tube
Latin arteria uterina
MeSH D055988
TA A12.2.15.029F
FMA 18829
Anatomical terminology

The uterine artery is an artery that supplies blood to the uterus in females.


The uterine artery usually arises from the anterior division of the internal iliac artery. It travels to the uterus, crossing the ureter anteriorly, to the uterus by traveling in the cardinal ligament.[1]

Uterine artery

It travels through the parametrium of the inferior broad ligament of the uterus.

It commonly anastomoses (connects with) the ovarian artery.

The uterine artery is the major blood supply to the uterus and enlarges significantly during pregnancy.

Branches and organs supplied[edit]

Additional images[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

  • Anatomy photo:43:13-0204 at the SUNY Downstate Medical Center - "The Female Pelvis: Branches of Internal Iliac Artery"
  • pelvis at The Anatomy Lesson by Wesley Norman (Georgetown University) (uterus)


  1. ^ Pelage, J. P.; Walker, W. J.; Dref, O. Le; Rymer, R. (2003-06-01). "Ovarian Artery: Angiographic Appearance, Embolization and Relevance to Uterine Fibroid Embolization". CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology. 26 (3): 227–233. doi:10.1007/s00270-002-1875-3. ISSN 0174-1551.