Mihailo Apostolski

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Mihailo Apostolski
Mihailo Apostolski (WW II).JPG
Mihailo Apostolski
Native name
Михаило Апостолски
BornNovember 8, 1906
DiedAugust 7, 1987(1987-08-07) (aged 80)
NationalityMacedonian[1]
CitizenshipSFR Yugoslavia
EducationMilitary academy in Belgrade
Alma materMilitary Academy, Kingdom of Yugoslavia
Occupationcolonel general , politician , historian
Known forCommander of the Headquarters of the People's Liberation Army and Partisan detachments in Macedonia during World War II.[1]
Notable work
ASNOM
Home townŠtip
TitleDr., PhD.
TermPresident of the Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts (1976-1983)
PredecessorBlaže Koneski (1967-1975)
SuccessorJordan Pop Jordanov (1984-1991)
Political partyCommunist Party of Yugoslavia (since April 1942)
Spouse(s)Cveta Apostolska
Parent(s)Mite Apostolski and Vasa Apostolska

Mihailo Apostolski (Macedonian: Михаило Апостолски born Mihail Mitev Apostolov[2] Bulgarian: Михаил Митев Апостолов),[3] (November 8, 1906 – August 7, 1987) was a Yugoslav general, military theoretician, politician, historian, Commander of the Headquarters of the People's Liberation Army and Partisan detachments in Macedonia.[1][4]

Biography[edit]

Early life[edit]

Apostolski was born on November 8, 1906 at Štip, Kosovo Vilayet, in the Ottoman Empire.[1][4] He attended primary and secondary school in Štip. In 1927 graduated from the Military Academy in Belgrade, capital of Kingdom of Yugoslavia. In 1933 he graduated from the High Military Academy, and in 1938 graduated Commanding Academy as a major.

During World War II[edit]

During the invasion of Yugoslavia by Germany, Hungary, Italy and Romania, in April 1941, as a commander of the alpine units of the Royal Yugoslav Army, he ordered demolition of bridges in order to slow the progress of the German troops.[5] After the capitulation of Yugoslavia, Bulgarian troops entered Vardar Banovina and seized most of it. Meanwhile Apostolski was captured by the Italian army and was taken to the camp Vestone. Shortly after, his father, a Bulgarian army veteran, made a request to the Bulgarian Minister of War and it was granted soon after. Apostolski, as well as 12,000 other Macedonian POWs, were released with Bulgarian intervention by the German, Italian and Hungarian authorities.[6][7][8][9]

After his liberation from the prison, Apostolski filed an application for appointment in the Bulgarian army.[10] Because of his past, him was offered a captain's rank as a Bulgarian officer in Labour battalion, but he considered this unsatisfactory.[11] Meanwhile Apostolski entered the Sofia University, where he conducted underground work.[12] In April 1942 he became a member of the CPY, and in June of the same year he was appointed commander of the Headquarters of the Yugoslav partisan units of Macedonia. In May 1943 he was appointed Major General. During the Second Session of AVNOJ he was appointed to the Presidency of AVNOJ.[1] In addition to the Macedonian brigades operating under his command, in February 1944, he commanded the brigades from Kosovo and Southern Serbia.[1] He became a member of the Initiative Board for organization of ASNOM. He participated in the First Session of the ASNOM and was elected to its Presidency.[1]

After World War II[edit]

After the Second World War Apostolski became one of the military leaders of new SFRY. After the end of his active military service he began intensively to deal with history of the Macedonian nation. From 1965 to 1970 was head of the Institute of National History in Skopje. He was actively involved in formation of the Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts, of which he was member since its creation. He was president of Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts for the period 1976-1983.[1]

He was also member of:

He died on August 7, 1987 in Dojran, SFR Yugoslavia.[1][4]

Legacy[edit]

Mihailo Apostolski

In 1995 the Military Academy in Republic of Macedonia was named "General Mihailo Apostolski".

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Blaze Risteski (editor), Macedonian Encyclopedia (vol. I), MANU, 2009, Skopje.
  2. ^ ...He was born in Ottoman Empire in Bulgarian Exarhists family as Mihail Mitev Apostolov...: The Liberation struggles after the First World War, 1919-1944, Dobrin Michev, Macedonian Scientific Institute, Historical Institute (Bulgarian Academy of Sciences), 2003, ISBN 9548187612, p. 430.
  3. ^ Bulgarian Archives State Agency, Personalities; № 8: Mihail Mitev Apostolov. Archived 2016-03-03 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ a b c Narodni heroji Jugoslavije, Mladost, Beograd 1975.
  5. ^ Kiro Gligorov, Macedonia is Everything we Have, Izdavacki centar TRI, 2001, Skopje (in Macedonian) Киро Глигоров, Македонија е сè што имаме, Издавачки центар ТРИ, 2001, Скопје
  6. ^ Letter No.11660 From the Ministry of Ware to the Bulgarian Central Campaign Committee of Macedonia Sofia, May 28, 1941 CSA, fund 396, list 1, file 37, page 4. Original, typed.
  7. ^ Resolution from General Mitev was: Rome, to be set free, signed on 02.07.1941. CMA, f. 20, op. IV, a.e. 25.
  8. ^ Dimitre Minchev (Military Publishing House, Sofia, 2002) Bulgarian Camagne Committees in Macedonia - 1941, Shtip, July 23, 1941, Document № 41.
  9. ^ Bulgarian Central Military Archives (CMA), fund 20, list 4, file 25.
  10. ^ Ма кедонски научен институт, 13 юли, 2016 г. Михайло Апостолски иска да стане български чиновник.
  11. ^ Contested Ethnic Identity: The Case of Macedonian Immigrants in Toronto, 1900-1996, Chris Kostov, Peter Lang, 2010, p. 13., ISBN 3-0343-0196-0
  12. ^ Dimitris Livanios, The Macedonian Question: Britain and the Southern Balkans 1939-1949, OUP Oxford, 2008, ISBN 0191528722, p. 122.

External links[edit]