Military Council of National Salvation
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The Military Council of National Salvation (Polish: Wojskowa Rada Ocalenia Narodowego, abbreviated WRON) was a military junta administering the People's Republic of Poland during the period of the martial law in Poland (1981–1983).
The Polish court ruled that WRON was an unlawful criminal armed enterprise in violation of Polish constitution.
The body was created on December 13, 1981, and was dissolved on July 22, 1983. It consisted of 21 members: 15 generals, one admiral and five colonels. Among the most notable members were generals Wojciech Jaruzelski, Florian Siwicki, Michał Janiszewski and Czesław Kiszczak. One member, Lt. Col. Mirosław Hermaszewski, was included without his consent and knowledge.
The rather unfortunate lettering of the Polish acronym (WRON; wrona means a crow in Polish) was immediately picked up by those that the regime sought to repress and widely used in a form of non-violent opposition through jokes. One saying was that "orła wrona nie pokona - the crow can't defeat the eagle" (the "White eagle" being the national symbol of Poland).
- WRON at Portal Wiedzy onet.pl Encyclopedia
- Tygodnik Powszechny. Między sprawiedliwością a wymiarem sprawiedliwości by Mateusz Szpytma. 07.12.2011
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