Mindel glaciation

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Extent of Alpine glaciation (blue: edge of the ice sheet in the Mindel and Riss glacial periods)

The Mindel glaciation (German: Mindel-Kaltzeit, also Mindel-Glazial, Mindel-Komplex or, colloquially, Mindel-Eiszeit) is the third oldest glacial stage in the Alps. Its name was coined by Albrecht Penck and Eduard Brückner, who named it after the Swabian river, the Mindel. The Mindel glacial occurred in the Middle Pleistocene; it was preceded by the Haslach-Mindel interglacial and succeeded by the Mindel-Riss interglacial (Holstein interglacial).

This Mindel glacial period (approx. 350,000 - 250,000 years before present) is called Elsterian Stage (Elster glaciation) in northern Europe, and Anglian Stage in United Kingdom.


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  • K.A. Habbe, in cooperation with D. Ellwanger and R. Becker-Haumann, T. Litt im Auftrag der Deutschen Stratigraphischen Kommission 2007, ed., "Stratigraphische Begriffe für das Süddeutsche Alpenvorland" (in German), Eiszeitalter und Gegenwart/Quaternary Science Journal (Stuttgart: E. Schweizerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung (Nägele und Obermiller)) 56, No. 1/2: pp. 66–83, ISSN 0424-7116 
  • T. Litt et al., "Das Quartär in der Stratigraphischen Tabelle von Deutschland 2002" (in German), Newsletters in Stratigraphie (Berlin, Stuttgart) 41 (1-3): pp. 385-399, http://www.deuqua.de/strat/dokumente/Erlaeuterungen_STD02.pdf 
  • Albrecht Penck; Eduard Brückner (1901-1909) (in German), Die Alpen im Eiszeitalter, Leipzig: C.H. Tauchnitz