Minimata Agam Dass Guru
Minimata Agam Dass Guru (15 March 1916 - 1973) was an Indian politician from the Indian National Congress Party, and a member of parliament in the First, Second, Third, Fourth, and Fifth Lok Sabha (lower house of the Parliament of India).
Minimata was elected to the first Lok Sabha in a bye-election in 1955 after the death of the sitting MP, her husband, Guru Agamdas. She contested the same constituency on a Congress party nomination and won. In 1962, she contested for the Indian National Congress party in Madhya Pradesh state, in Baloda Bazar, a Scheduled Caste reserved constituency. She won with more than 52% of the vote, defeating the Prajya Socialist Party candidate. In 1967, she contested for the Indian National Congress Party in the Schedule Caste reserved constituency of Janjgir, then in Madhya Pradesh state, winning with more than 62% of the vote. Minimata contested the same constituency of Janjgir in 1971, again for the Indian National Congress Party, and again winning the election. She died in 1973 before the end of her parliamentary term, prompting a by-election.
Besides her parliamentary work, she served as General Secretary, State Congress Committee; President of Guru Ghasidas Seva Sangh; President of Harijan Education Society; Vice-President, State Depressed Classes League; Secretary, Mahila Mandal, Raipur. She was also a member of the Social Welfare Board, Raipur and a member of District Congress Committee, Raipur.
Minimata was associated with Satnami politics, a form of Ambedkarite Dalit self-assertion. After the death of her husband, she took on the leadership of the community. She stood against casteism and untouchability, as well as child marriage and dowry.
She married Shri Agam Dass Guru on July 2, 1930. Her parliamentary profile listed her hobbies as reading, knitting, embroidery, cooking and gardening, and debating and discussion on social and political affairs.
Minimata died in an airplane crash on a flight from Raipur to Delhi; the plane crashed as it tried to land at Palam airport.
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- "Lok Sabha member profiles". Lok Sabha. Retrieved 29 July 2017.
- Statistical Report on General Elections, 1962, to the Third Lok Sabha. http://eci.nic.in/eci_main/StatisticalReports/LS_1962/Vol_I_LS_62.pdf: Election Commission of India. p. 109.
- Statistical Report on General Elections, 1967, to the Fourth Lok Sabha. http://eci.nic.in/eci_main/StatisticalReports/LS_1967/Vol_I_LS_67.pdf: Election Commission of India. p. 131.
- Statistical Report on General Elections, 1971 to the Fifth Lok Sabha. http://eci.nic.in/eci_main/StatisticalReports/LS_1971/Vol_I_LS71.pdf: Election Commission of India. p. 142.
- Singh, Yasna (2013). Satnami Self-Assertion and Dalit Activism: everyday life and caste in rural Chhattisgarh (central India) (PhD Dissertation). http://etheses.lse.ac.uk/689/1/Singh_Satnami_self-assertion.pdf: London School of Economics and Political Science e-theses.
- Sen, Ilina (2014). Inside Chhattisgarh: A Political Memoir. Penguin.