Minimata Agam Dass Guru

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Minimata Agam Dass Guru (15 March 1916 - 1973) was an Indian politician from the Indian National Congress Party, and a member of parliament in the First, Second, Third, Fourth, and Fifth Lok Sabha (lower house of the Parliament of India).

Early life[edit]

Minimata was born in Nawagaon district in Assam in 1916.[1] She was educated at Girls School, Nawagon and Raipur.[2]

Political career[edit]

Minimata was elected to the first Lok Sabha in a bye-election in 1955 after the death of the sitting MP, her husband, Guru Agamdas.[1] She contested the same constituency on a Congress party nomination and won. In 1962, she contested for the Indian National Congress party in Madhya Pradesh state, in Baloda Bazar, a Scheduled Caste reserved constituency. She won with more than 52% of the vote, defeating the Prajya Socialist Party candidate.[3] In 1967, she contested for the Indian National Congress Party in the Schedule Caste reserved constituency of Janjgir, then in Madhya Pradesh state, winning with more than 62% of the vote.[4] Minimata contested the same constituency of Janjgir in 1971, again for the Indian National Congress Party, and again winning the election.[5] She died in 1973 before the end of her parliamentary term, prompting a by-election.

Besides her parliamentary work, she served as General Secretary, State Congress Committee; President of Guru Ghasidas Seva Sangh; President of Harijan Education Society; Vice-President, State Depressed Classes League; Secretary, Mahila Mandal, Raipur.[2] She was also a member of the Social Welfare Board, Raipur and a member of District Congress Committee, Raipur.[2]

Minimata was associated with Satnami politics, a form of Ambedkarite Dalit self-assertion.[6] After the death of her husband, she took on the leadership of the community.[6] She stood against casteism and untouchability, as well as child marriage and dowry.[1]

Personal life[edit]

She married Shri Agam Dass Guru on July 2, 1930.[2] Her parliamentary profile listed her hobbies as reading, knitting, embroidery, cooking and gardening, and debating and discussion on social and political affairs.[2]

Minimata died in an airplane crash on a flight from Raipur to Delhi; the plane crashed as it tried to land at Palam airport.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Kshīrasāgara, Rāmacandra (1994). Dalit movement in India and its leaders, 1857-1956. https://books.google.co.in/books/about/Dalit_movement_in_India_and_its_leaders.html?id=5WxuAAAAMAAJ: M.D. Publications. pp. 270–271.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Lok Sabha member profiles". Lok Sabha. Retrieved 29 July 2017.
  3. ^ Statistical Report on General Elections, 1962, to the Third Lok Sabha. http://eci.nic.in/eci_main/StatisticalReports/LS_1962/Vol_I_LS_62.pdf: Election Commission of India. p. 109.
  4. ^ Statistical Report on General Elections, 1967, to the Fourth Lok Sabha. http://eci.nic.in/eci_main/StatisticalReports/LS_1967/Vol_I_LS_67.pdf: Election Commission of India. p. 131.
  5. ^ Statistical Report on General Elections, 1971 to the Fifth Lok Sabha. http://eci.nic.in/eci_main/StatisticalReports/LS_1971/Vol_I_LS71.pdf: Election Commission of India. p. 142.
  6. ^ a b Singh, Yasna (2013). Satnami Self-Assertion and Dalit Activism: everyday life and caste in rural Chhattisgarh (central India) (PhD Dissertation). http://etheses.lse.ac.uk/689/1/Singh_Satnami_self-assertion.pdf: London School of Economics and Political Science e-theses.
  7. ^ Sen, Ilina (2014). Inside Chhattisgarh: A Political Memoir. Penguin.