Minister of Defence (Soviet Union)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Standard of the Minister of Defence (1964–1991).

The Minister of Defence of the Soviet Union refers to the head of the Ministry of Defence who was responsible for defence of the communist Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic from 1917 to 1922 and the Soviet Union from 1922 to 1991.

List of ministers[edit]

People's Commissars for Military and Naval Affairs (1917–1934)[edit]

No. People's Commissar for Military and Naval Affairs Took office Left office Time in office
1
Council
Council
[a]
8 November 191715 November 19177 days
2
Nikolai Podvoisky
Podvoisky, NikolaiNikolai Podvoisky
(1880–1948)
15 November 191713 March 1918118 days
3
Leon Trotsky
Trotsky, LeonLeon Trotsky
(1879–1940)
13 March 191815 January 19256 years, 308 days
4
Mikhail Frunze
Frunze, MikhailMikhail Frunze
(1885–1925)
15 January 192531 October 1925 †289 days
5
Kliment Voroshilov
Voroshilov, KlimentKliment Voroshilov
(1881–1969)
6 November 192520 June 19348 years, 232 days

People's Commissars for Defence (1934–1946)[edit]

No. People's Commissar for Defence Took office Left office Time in office
1
Kliment Voroshilov
Voroshilov, KlimentMarshal of the Soviet Union
Kliment Voroshilov
(1881–1969)
20 June 19347 May 19405 years, 322 days
2
Semyon Timoshenko
Timoshenko, SemyonMarshal of the Soviet Union
Semyon Timoshenko
(1895–1970)
7 May 194019 July 19411 year, 73 days
3
Joseph Stalin
Stalin, JosephGeneralissimus of the Soviet Union
Joseph Stalin
(1878–1953)
19 July 194125 February 19464 years, 221 days

People's Commissars for the Navy (1937–1946)[edit]

No. People's Commissar for the Navy Took office Left office Time in office
1
Pyotr Smirnov
Smirnov, PyotrArmy Commissar of 1st rank
Pyotr Smirnov
(1897–1939)
30 December 193730 June 1938182 days
2
Mikhail Frinovsky
Frinovsky, MikhailKomandarm 1st rank
Mikhail Frinovsky
(1898–1940)
8 September 193820 March 1939193 days
3
Nikolay Kuznetsov
Kuznetsov, NikolayVice-admiral
Nikolay Kuznetsov
(1904–1974)
28 April 193925 February 19466 years, 303 days

People's Commissar for the Armed Forces (1946)[edit]

No. People's Commissar for the Armed Forces Took office Left office Time in office
1
Joseph Stalin
Stalin, JosephGeneralissimus of the Soviet Union
Joseph Stalin
(1878–1953)
25 February 194615 March 194618 days

Ministers of the Armed Forces (1946–1950)[edit]

No. Ministers of the Armed Forces Took office Left office Time in office
1
Joseph Stalin
Stalin, JosephGeneralissimus of the Soviet Union
Joseph Stalin
(1878–1953)
15 March 19463 March 1947353 days
2
Nikolai Bulganin
Bulganin, NikolaiMarshal of the Soviet Union
Nikolai Bulganin
(1895–1975)
3 March 194724 March 19492 years, 21 days
3
Aleksandr Vasilevsky
Vasilevsky, AleksandrMarshal of the Soviet Union
Aleksandr Vasilevsky
(1895–1977)
24 March 194925 February 1950338 days

Minister of War (1950–1953)[edit]

No. Minister of War Took office Left office Time in office
1
Aleksandr Vasilevsky
Vasilevsky, AleksandrMarshal of the Soviet Union
Aleksandr Vasilevsky
(1895–1977)
25 February 195015 March 19533 years, 18 days

Ministers of the Navy (1950–1953)[edit]

No. People's Commissar for the Navy Took office Left office Time in office
1
Ivan Yumashev
Yumashev, IvanAdmiral
Ivan Yumashev
(1895–1972)
25 February 195020 July 19511 year, 145 days
2
Nikolay Kuznetsov
Kuznetsov, NikolayAdmiral of the Fleet
Nikolay Kuznetsov
(1904–1974)
20 July 195115 March 19531 year, 238 days

Ministers of Defence (1953–1991)[edit]

No. Name Portrait Birth–Death Rank Tenure Note
Start End
1 Nikolai Bulganin Bundesarchiv Bild 183-29921-0001, Bulganin, Nikolai Alexandrowitsch.jpg 1895–1975 Marshal of the Soviet Union 15 March 1953 9 February 1955
2 Georgy Zhukov Zhukov-LIFE-1944-1945.jpg 1896–1974 Marshal of the Soviet Union 9 February 1955 26 October 1957 Dismissed by Nikita Khrushchev in the aftermath of the Anti-Party Group affair
3 Rodion Malinovsky Portrait of Marshal Rodion Malinovsky on USSR Stamp.jpg 1898–1967 Marshal of the Soviet Union 26 October 1957 31 March 1967 Died in office
4 Andrei Grechko Andrei Grechko 6 (enlarged).jpg 1903–1976 Marshal of the Soviet Union 12 April 1967 26 April 1976 Died in office
5 Dmitriy Ustinov Dmitry Ustinov (colorized, full).jpg 1908–1984 Marshal of the Soviet Union 30 July 1976 20 December 1984 Died in office
6 Sergei Sokolov Sergey Leonidovich Sokolov.jpg 1911–2012 Marshal of the Soviet Union 22 December 1984 30 May 1987 Dismissed by Mikhail Gorbachev as a result of the Mathias Rust affair
7 Dmitry Yazov Dmitry Timofeyevich Yazov 1.jpg 1924–2020 Marshal of the Soviet Union 30 May 1987 23 August 1991 Dismissed by Mikhail Gorbachev for being a member of the GKChP during the 1991 coup d'état attempt
8 Yevgeny Shaposhnikov Shaposhnikov170.png 1942–2020 Marshal of Aviation 23 August 1991 21 December 1991

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The committee of the People's Commissars for Military and Naval Affairs consisted of Vladimir Antonov-Ovseyenko, Pavel Dybenko, and Nikolai Krylenko. On 10 November 1917 Ovseyenko was taken hostage during the Petrograd Junker mutiny and was released next day with the help of American journalist Williams. Later Ovseyenko headed the Petrograd Military District until December when he was dispatched to Ukraine. Dybenko continued to supervise the naval affairs as the Supreme Navy College that was formed sometime in late November. He stayed in charge until 16 March 1918 when he was stripped of all posts and revoked membership in the Bolshevik Party due to desertion. On 25 November 1917 Krylenko was appointed the Supreme Commander-in-Chief of the Red Army.

See also[edit]