Minuscule 618

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Minuscule 618
New Testament manuscript
Text Acts, Catholic epistles, Paul
Date 12th century
Script Greek
Now at Biblioteca Estense
Size 18 cm by 13.8 cm
Type Byzantine text-type
Category V

Minuscule 618 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), α 261 (von Soden),[1] is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment. Palaeographically it has been assigned to the 12th century.[2] The manuscript is lacunose. Tischendorf labeled it by 142a and 178p.[3]


The codex contains the text of the Acts of the Apostles, Catholic epistles, Pauline epistles on 292 parchment leaves (size 18 cm by 13.8 cm) with some lacunae. The text is written in one column per page, 21-22 lines per page.[2]

It contains Prolegomena, subscriptions at the end of each book, and numbers of στιχοι.[3][4]

The order of books: Acts of the Apostles, Catholic epistles, and Pauline epistles. Hebrews is placed after Epistle to Philemon.[4]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Aland placed it in Category V.[5]

According to Scrivener it has valuable text, but with many errors.[3] Its text often resembling codex 460.[6]


The manuscript was added to the list of New Testament manuscripts by Johann Martin Augustin Scholz, who slightly examined its text in Book of Acts. C. R. Gregory saw the manuscript in 1886.[4]

Formerly it was labeled by 142a and 178p. In 1908 Gregory gave the number 618 to it.[1]

The manuscript currently is housed at the Biblioteca Estense (G. 243, a.F.1.28. (III B 17)), at Modena.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 69. 
  2. ^ a b c K. Aland, M. Welte, B. Köster, K. Junack, "Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments", Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, New York 1994, p. 83.
  3. ^ a b c Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament, vol. 1 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 294. 
  4. ^ a b c Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments, Vol. 1. Leipzig. p. 276. 
  5. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 139. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  6. ^ Frederick Henry Ambrose Scrivener, A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament (1894), vol. 1, p. 291.

Further reading[edit]

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