Minuscule 623

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Minuscule 623
New Testament manuscript
Text Acts, Catholic epistles, Paul
Date 1037
Script Greek
Now at Vatican Library
Size 34.6 cm by 27.2 cm
Type mixed
Category III

Minuscule 623 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), α 173 (von Soden),[1] is a Greek diglot minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment. It is dated by a colophon to the year 1037. The manuscript is lacunose.[2] Tischendorf labeled it by 156a and 190p.[3]


The codex contains the text of the Acts of the Apostles, Catholic epistles, Pauline epistles on 187 parchment leaves (size 34.6 cm by 27.2 cm) with one lacuna (Acts 1:1-5:4). The text is written in two columns per page, 43-44 lines per page.[2]

The text is divided according to the κεφαλαια (chapters), whose numbers are given at the margin, and the τιτλοι (titles of chapters) at the top of the pages.[4]

It contains Prolegomena, tables of the κεφαλαια (tables of contents) before each book, lectionary markings (for liturgical use), subscriptions at the end of each book, στιχοι, and Euthalian Apparatus. The Pauline epistles have a commentary.[3][4]

The order of books: Book of Acts, Catholic epistles, and Pauline epistles. On the list of the Pauline epistles the Hebrews is placed before First Epistle to Timothy.[4]


The Greek text of the codex Aland placed it in Category III.[5]

Ending of the Epistle to the Romans has omitted verse 16:24 (as in codices Codex Sinaiticus A B C 5 81 263 1739 1838 1962 2127 itz vgww copsa,bo ethro Origenlat).[6]

In 1 Corinthians 3:3 it reads ἔρις διχοστασία for ἔρις καί διχοστασίαι (p46, D, 33, 88, 104, 181, 326, 330, 436, 451, 614, 629, 1241). Other manuscripts have reading ἔρις (11, א, B, C, P, Ψ, 81, 181, 630, 1739, 1877, 1881, it, vg).[7]


The manuscript was written in the city Reggio for the wish Nicolas Archbishop of Calabria by the cleric Theodore from Sicily.[3][4] Formerly it was held in Grottaferrata.[4]

The manuscript was examined by Zacagni, Johann Jakob Wettstein, Johann Jakob Griesbach, and Johann Martin Augustin Scholz. It was added to the list of New Testament manuscripts by Scholz. C. R. Gregory saw the manuscript in 1886.[4]

Formerly it was labeled by 156a and 190p. In 1908 Gregory gave the number 623 to it.[1]

The manuscript currently is housed at the Vatican Library (Vat. gr. 1650), at Rome.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 69.
  2. ^ a b c K. Aland, M. Welte, B. Köster, K. Junack, "Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments", Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, New York 1994, p. 84.
  3. ^ a b c Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament. 1 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 295.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments. 1. Leipzig: Hinrichs. p. 277.
  5. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 133. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1.
  6. ^ UBS3, p. 576.
  7. ^ UBS3, p. 583.

Further reading[edit]

  • Johann Martin Augustin Scholz, Biblisch-kritische Reise in Frankreich, der Schweiz, Italien, Palästine und im Archipel in den Jahren 1818, 1819, 1820, 1821: Nebst einer Geschichte des Textes des Neuen Testaments (Leipzig, 1823), pp. 99–100.
  • Kirsopp Lake & Silva Lake, Dated Greek Minuscule Manuscripts to the Year 1200, Boston VII, 283.
  • Bruce M. Metzger, Manuscripts of the Greek Bible (Oxford and New York, 1981), p. 35.

External links[edit]