Mlechchha dynasty

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

For the ancient pejorative term for foreign people in India, see Mleccha

Kamarupa Kingdom

Mlechchha dynasty
650 CE–900 CE
CapitalHarruppesvar (present-day Tezpur)
• c. 650 - c. 670
• c. 815 – c. 832
• c. 890 – c. 900
Historical eraClassical India
• Established
650 CE
• Disestablished
900 CE
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Varman dynasty
Pala dynasty (Kamarupa)

The Mlechchha dynasty[1] (c. 650 - 900) ruled Kamarupa from their capital at Harruppesvar in the present-day Tezpur, Assam,[2] after the fall of the Varman dynasty. The rulers were aboriginals (local clan, genetically non-diverse), and like all other claimed lineages, their lineage from Narakasura was constructed to accord legitimacy to their rule.[3] According to historical records, there were twenty one rulers in this dynasty, but the line is obscure and the names of some intervening rulers are not known.[4]

The Mlechchha dynasty in Kamarupa was followed by the Pala kings.

Suniti Kumar Chatterji claims that Salastambha(650-670) was a Bodo-Kachari chief of Mech tribe (Sanskritised as Mleccha).[5][6][7]

According to some historians, the remnant of the Mlechchha kingdom formed the later Kachari kingdom[8]


The grants of Ratnapala give the list of 21 kings from Salastambha to his line. [4]

  • Salastamba (650-670)
  • Vijaya alias Vigrahastambha
  • Palaka
  • Kumara
  • Vajradeva
  • Harshadeva alias Harshavarman (725-745)
  • Balavarman II
  • Jivaraja
  • Digleswaravarman
  • Salambha[9]
  • Harjjaravarman (815-832)
  • Vanamalavarmadeva (832-855)
  • Jayamala alias Virabahu (855-860)
  • Balavarman III (860-880)
  • Tyagasimha (890-900)


  1. ^ Though mlechchha is a derogatory word, Harjaravarman, a king of this dynasty, explains the term (though illegible) in the Hayunthal copper plates (Sharma 1978:P.91).
  2. ^ (Sen 1999:P.304)
  3. ^ (Shin 2011:P.183)
  4. ^ a b (Ray:P.242)
  5. ^ Chatterji, Suniti Kumar (1951). Kirata-jana-krti. Kolkata: The Asiatic Society. p. 97. But the distinct mention of Sala-stambha as being a lord of the Mlecchas, as in the Bargaon copper-plate of the 19th century, would appear to make it clear that he was a Bodo chief of the Mèch tribe (Sanskritised as Mlēccha), who followed Bhaskara-varman in assuming the rulership of Assam.
  6. ^ The name Mech is almost a corruption of the Sanskrit word Mleccha i.e An outcast from the Brahmin point of view. (Endle 1911:81)
  7. ^ J. D. Anderson, I.C.S further added Mech, sc. Mleccha, barbarian, one who is ignorant of civilized speech. (The Kacharis & J. D. Anderson 1911:xv)
  8. ^ (Bhattacharjee 1992, p. 393)
  9. ^ Pralambha, read from the Tezpur plates, can be corrected to Salambha, in light of the Parbatiya plates, (Sarma 1978, p. 105)