Mlechchha dynasty

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For the ancient pejorative term for foreign people in India, see Mleccha

Kamarupa Kingdom

Mlechchha dynasty
650 CE–900 CE
CapitalHarruppesvar (present-day Tezpur)
Religion
Polytheism
GovernmentMonarchy
Maharajadhiraja 
• c. 650 - c. 670
Salasthamba
• c. 815 – c. 832
Harjjaravarman
• c. 890 – c. 900
Tyagasimha
Historical eraClassical India
• Established
650 CE
• Disestablished
900 CE
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Varman dynasty
Pala dynasty (Kamarupa)

The Mlechchha dynasty[1] (c. 650 - 900) ruled Kamarupa from their capital at Harruppesvar in the present-day Tezpur, Assam,[2] after the fall of the Varman dynasty. The rulers were aboriginals (local clan, genetically non-diverse), and like all other claimed lineages, their lineage from Narakasura was constructed to accord legitimacy to their rule.[3] According to historical records, there were twenty one rulers in this dynasty, but the line is obscure and the names of some intervening rulers are not known.[4]

The Mlechchha dynasty in Kamarupa was followed by the Pala kings.

Suniti Kumar Chatterji claims that Salastambha(650-670) was a Bodo-Kachari chief of Mech tribe (Sanskritised as Mleccha).[5][6][7]

According to some historians, the remnant of the Mlechchha kingdom formed the later Kachari kingdom[8]

Rulers[edit]

The grants of Ratnapala give the list of 21 kings from Salastambha to his line. [4]

  • Salastamba (650-670)
  • Vijaya alias Vigrahastambha
  • Palaka
  • Kumara
  • Vajradeva
  • Harshadeva alias Harshavarman (725-745)
  • Balavarman II
  • Jivaraja
  • Digleswaravarman
  • Salambha[9]
  • Harjjaravarman (815-832)
  • Vanamalavarmadeva (832-855)
  • Jayamala alias Virabahu (855-860)
  • Balavarman III (860-880)
  • Tyagasimha (890-900)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Though mlechchha is a derogatory word, Harjaravarman, a king of this dynasty, explains the term (though illegible) in the Hayunthal copper plates (Sharma 1978:P.91).
  2. ^ (Sen 1999:P.304)
  3. ^ (Shin 2011:P.183)
  4. ^ a b (Ray:P.242)
  5. ^ Chatterji, Suniti Kumar (1951). Kirata-jana-krti. Kolkata: The Asiatic Society. p. 97. But the distinct mention of Sala-stambha as being a lord of the Mlecchas, as in the Bargaon copper-plate of the 19th century, would appear to make it clear that he was a Bodo chief of the Mèch tribe (Sanskritised as Mlēccha), who followed Bhaskara-varman in assuming the rulership of Assam.
  6. ^ The name Mech is almost a corruption of the Sanskrit word Mleccha i.e An outcast from the Brahmin point of view. (Endle 1911:81)
  7. ^ J. D. Anderson, I.C.S further added Mech, sc. Mleccha, barbarian, one who is ignorant of civilized speech. (The Kacharis & J. D. Anderson 1911:xv)
  8. ^ (Bhattacharjee 1992, p. 393)
  9. ^ Pralambha, read from the Tezpur plates, can be corrected to Salambha, in light of the Parbatiya plates, (Sarma 1978, p. 105)

Bibliography[edit]