For the ancient pejorative term for foreign people in India, see Mleccha
|650 CE–900 CE|
|Capital||Harruppesvar (present-day Tezpur)|
• c. 650 - c. 670
• c. 815 – c. 832
• c. 890 – c. 900
|Historical era||Classical India|
|Part of a series on the|
|History of Kamarupa|
|Part of a series on the|
|History of Assam|
The Mlechchha dynasty (c. 650 - 900) ruled Kamarupa from their capital at Harruppesvar in the present-day Tezpur, Assam, after the fall of the Varman dynasty. The succeeding rulers were non-Indo-Aryan local chieftains, and like all other claimed lineages, their lineage from Narakasura was constructed to accord legitimacy to their rule. According to historical records, there were twenty one rulers in this dynasty, but the line is obscure and the names of some intervening rulers are not known.
The Mlechchha dynasty in Kamarupa was followed by the Pala kings.
It is not clear how Salasthambha, the first of this dynasty, came to power. An inscription from the reign of a king from the later Pala dynasty claims Salasthambha was a mlecchādhināth or lord of the mlecchas, which many scholars have interpreted to mean that Salasthambha was a mlechchha himself. Salasthambha is first mentioned in an inscription 175 years into the rule of the dynasty. Mleccha may be sanskritized form of tribal name mech..
Suniti Kumar Chatterji claims that Salastambha(650-670) was a Bodo-Kachari chief of Mech (Sanskritized as Mleccha). According to some historians, the remnant of the Mlechchha kingdom formed the later Kachari kingdom.
- Salastamba (650-670)
- Vijaya alias Vigrahastambha
- Harshadeva alias Harshavarman (725-745)
- Balavarman II
- Harjjaravarman (815-832)
- Vanamalavarmadeva (832-855)
- Jayamala alias Virabahu (855-860)
- Balavarman III (860-880)
- Tyagasimha (890-900)
- (Shin 2010:8)"Along with the inscriptional and literary evidence, the archaeological remains of the Kamakhya temple, which stands on top of the Nilacala, testify that the Mlecchas gave a significant impetus to construct or reconstruct the Kamakhya temple."
- Though mlechchha is a derogatory word, Harjaravarman, a king of this dynasty, explains the term (though illegible) in the Hayunthal copper plates (Sharma 1978:P.91).
- (Sen 1999:P.304)
- (Shin 2011:P.183)
- (Ray:P.242) harvcol error: no target: CITEREFRay (help)
- "(W)hen exactly Salasthambha occupied (the throne of Kamarupa) and under what circumstances cannot be determined in the present state of insufficient information." (Sircar 1990:122)
- "Salasthambha is called mlecchādhinath or lord of the Mlecchas in Ratnapalal's grant of the first half of the 10th century." (Sircar 1990:124)
- (Sircar 1990:125)
- (Shin 2011:178) According to D.C. Sircar, 'Mleccha' may be sanskritized form of tribal name 'mech'
- (Chatterji 1951:97)The distinct mention of Sala-stambha as being a lord of the Mlecchas, as in the Bargaon copper-plate of the 19th century, would appear to make it clear that he was a Bodo chief of the Mèch tribe (Sanskritised as Mlēccha), who followed Bhaskara-varman in assuming the rulership of Assam
- (Bhattacharjee 1992:393)
- Pralambha, read from the Tezpur plates, can be corrected to Salambha, in light of the Parbatiya plates, (Sarma 1978, p. 105) harv error: no target: CITEREFSarma1978 (help)
- Urban, Hugh (2009), The Power of Tantra: Religion, Sexuality and the Politics of South Asian Studies, Bloomsbury Publishing, ISBN 9780857715869
- Shin, Jae-Eun (2010). "Yoni, Yoginis and Mahavidyas : Feminine Divinities from Early Medieval Kamarupa to Medieval Koch Behar". Studies in History. 26 (1): 1–29. doi:10.1177/025764301002600101. S2CID 155252564.
- Nath, D. (1989). History of the Koch Kingdom, C. 1515-1615. Mittal Publications. ISBN 9788170991090.
- Baruah, S L (1986), A Comprehensive History of Assam (book), New Delhi: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers
- Ray, H.C. (1931). Dynastic History Of Northern India Vol. 1. New Delhi: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers.
- Bhattacharjee, J. B. (1992), "The Kachari state formation", in Barpujari, H. K. (ed.), The Comprehensive History of Assam, 2, Guwahati: Assam Publication Board, pp. 391–397
- Sharma, M M (1978), Inscriptions of Ancient Assam, Guwahati: Gauhati University
- Sircar, D. C. (1990), "The Mlechchha Dynasty of Salasthambha", in Barpujari, H. K. (ed.), The Comprehensive History of Assam, 1, Guwahati: Assam Publication Board
- Chatterji, S.K (1951). Kirata-Jana-Krti. Calcutta: The Asiatic Society.
- Shin, Jae Eun (2011). "Changing Dynasties, Enduring Genealogy: A Critical Study on the Political Legitimation in Early Medieval Kāmarūpa". Journal of Ancient Indian History. 27: 173–187.
- Sen, S.N. (1999). Ancient Indian History and Civilization. iNDIA: New Age International. ISBN 9788122411980.