Tezpur

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Tezpur

তেজপুৰ
City
Tezpur
Sunset at Ganesh Ghat near the Brahmaputra, Tezpur
Sunset at Ganesh Ghat near the Brahmaputra, Tezpur
Nickname(s): 
City of Eternal Romance, Cultural Capital of Assam
Tezpur is located in Assam
Tezpur
Tezpur
Location in Assam, India
Tezpur is located in India
Tezpur
Tezpur
Tezpur (India)
Coordinates: 26°38′N 92°48′E / 26.63°N 92.8°E / 26.63; 92.8Coordinates: 26°38′N 92°48′E / 26.63°N 92.8°E / 26.63; 92.8
Country India
StateAssam
DistrictSonitpur
Named forCity of Blood
Government
 • TypeMunicipality
 • BodyTezpur Municipality Board
Area
 • Total40 km2 (20 sq mi)
Area rank5th
Elevation
48 m (157 ft)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Total102,505
 • Rank7th
 • Density2,600/km2 (6,600/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Tezpuria
Languages
 • OfficialAssamese
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
ISO 3166 codeIN-AS
Vehicle registrationAS-12
Websitesonitpur.nic.in

Tezpur (/tɛzˈpʊər/) (Assamese: তেজপুৰ tezpur, Assamese pronunciation: [tɛspuɹ]) is a city and urban agglomeration in Sonitpur district, Assam state, India. It also serves as a district headquarter for Sonitpur district. Tezpur is on the banks of the river Brahmaputra, 175 kilometres (109 mi) northeast of Guwahati, and is the largest of the north bank towns with a population exceeding 100,000 as per Census 2011.[2]


Etymology[edit]

The name Tezpur comes from the word "Tez" meaning blood. The original name, however was Xonitpur, comes from "Sonit" in Sanskrit. When the battle between Krishna's army and Lord Shiva, his disciple Banasura's army fought for the rescue of Aniruddha (who was the grandson of Lord Krishna, according to legend) there was so much bloodshed that the place was stained red. This led to the name of the place becoming Tezpur.

History[edit]

Historical ruins from the 8th and 9th centuries dot the surrounding areas. The ruins of Da Parbatia are an example of the architecture around the 6th century AD. Tezpur is considered to be the capital of Assamese culture.

Modern Tezpur was founded by the British colonial administration in 1835 as the headquarters of Darrang district. During World War II, Tezpur received large numbers of refugees fleeing from Burma, particularly the corps. of Anglo-Burmese and Anglo-Indian nurses. Many Chinese soldiers who were captured as POWs during the 1962 India-China War, along with the nurses mixed with the local populace to form the greater Tezpur society.

Geography[edit]

Climate[edit]

The climate in Tezpur is warm and temperate. When compared with winter, the summers have much more rainfall. This location is classified as Cwa by Köppen and Geiger.[3] The average temperature in summer is around 28.5 °C (83.3 °F) while the average winter temperature is around 17 °C (63 °F).[4]

Administration[edit]

Tezpur is part of Tezpur (Lok Sabha constituency).[5]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.censusindia.gov.in/pca/SearchDetails.aspx?Id=306544
  2. ^ "Tezpur Metropolitan Urban Region Population 2011 Census". www.census2011.co.in. Retrieved 8 October 2018.
  3. ^ Template:Cite en.climate-data.org
  4. ^ Template:Cite https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/
  5. ^ "List of Parliamentary & Assembly Constituencies" (PDF). Assam. Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 May 2006. Retrieved 6 October 2008.

External links[edit]