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Sunset at Ganesh Ghat near the Brahmaputra, Tezpur
City of Eternal Romance, Cultural Capital of Assam
|Named for||City of Blood|
|• Body||Tezpur Municipality Board|
|• Total||40 km2 (20 sq mi)|
|Elevation||48 m (157 ft)|
|• Density||2,600/km2 (6,600/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|ISO 3166 code||IN-AS|
Tezpur (//) (Assamese: তেজপুৰ tezpur, Assamese pronunciation: [tɛspuɹ]) is a city and urban agglomeration in Sonitpur district, Assam state, India. It also serves as a district headquarter for Sonitpur district. Tezpur is on the banks of the river Brahmaputra, 175 kilometres (109 mi) northeast of Guwahati, and is the largest of the north bank towns with a population exceeding 100,000 as per Census 2011.
The name Tezpur comes from the word "Tez" meaning blood. The original name, however was Xonitpur, comes from "Sonit" in Sanskrit. When the battle between Krishna's army and Lord Shiva, his disciple Banasura's army fought for the rescue of Aniruddha (who was the grandson of Lord Krishna, according to legend) there was so much bloodshed that the place was stained red. This led to the name of the place becoming Tezpur.
Historical ruins from the 8th and 9th centuries dot the surrounding areas. The ruins of Da Parbatia are an example of the architecture around the 6th century AD. Tezpur is considered to be the capital of Assamese culture.
Modern Tezpur was founded by the British colonial administration in 1835 as the headquarters of Darrang district. During World War II, Tezpur received large numbers of refugees fleeing from Burma, particularly the corps. of Anglo-Burmese and Anglo-Indian nurses. Many Chinese soldiers who were captured as POWs during the 1962 India-China War, along with the nurses mixed with the local populace to form the greater Tezpur society.
The climate in Tezpur is warm and temperate. When compared with winter, the summers have much more rainfall. This location is classified as Cwa by Köppen and Geiger. The average temperature in summer is around 28.5 °C (83.3 °F) while the average winter temperature is around 17 °C (63 °F).
- Charles Alexander Bruce
- Bhupen Hazarika, Bharat Ratna
- Bishnu Prasad Rabha
- Jyoti Prasad Agarwalla
- Phani Sarma
- Northeast India
- North Eastern Council
- Ministry for Development of North Eastern Region
- "Tezpur Metropolitan Urban Region Population 2011 Census". www.census2011.co.in. Retrieved 8 October 2018.
- Template:Cite en.climate-data.org
- Template:Cite https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/
- "List of Parliamentary & Assembly Constituencies" (PDF). Assam. Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 May 2006. Retrieved 6 October 2008.
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