|Mohammed II al-Mahdi|
(محمد بن هشام بن عبد الجبار)
|4th Caliph of Córdoba|
|Successor||Sulayman ibn al-Hakam|
|Died||1010 (aged 33–34)|
|Father||Hisham bin Abd al-Jabbar bin Abd ar-Rahman III|
Muhammad II al-Mahdi (Arabic: محمد المهدي بالله, romanized: Muḥammad al-Mahdī bi-ʾllāh) was the fourth Caliph of Córdoba of the Umayyad dynasty in Al-Andalus (Moorish Iberia). After disbanding his army of 7,000 troops, he became the source of opposition to many of his subjects. Al-Mahdi sought to defend his title as Caliph after the rise of Suleiman II as a political opponent. After a turbulent rule, in which many warring factions rose to power in an attempt to supplant al-Mahdi, he was eventually deposed. After his death, many Muslim historians accused him of destroying the sanctity of the Amirid Harem.
- Peter C. Scales (31 December 1993). The Fall of the Caliphate of Córdoba: Berbers and Andalusis in Conflict. BRILL. pp. 61–74. ISBN 978-90-04-09868-8. Retrieved 19 July 2013.