Mohammed Valli Moosa (born 8 February 1957 in Johannesburg) is a South African politician who was active in the United Democratic Front. In the early 1990s, he participated for the ANC in the Negotiations to end Apartheid. In the government of national unity, he was Deputy Minister for Provincial and Constitutional Affairs (1994 - 1996), after the exodus of the National Party he became Minister in this department.
In 1999, he took office as the Environment and Tourism Minister of South Africa. In this position, he has worked to raise the awareness of the problem of litter, jokingly naming plastic shopping bags the "national flower" and pushing to introduce a minimum legal thickness of 30 micrometres to increase their cost, reusability, and recyclability. He was elected President of IUCN — the World Conservation Union at the 3rd World Conservation Congress in Bangkok in November 2004. He was also non-executive Chairman of Eskom and Sun International.
In April 2013,he was appointed the Independent Non-executive Chairman of Anglo American Platinum company.