Moisey Alexandrovich Markov (Russian: Моисей Александрович Марков; 13 May 1908 Rasskazovo, Tambov Governorate, Russian Empire - 1 November 1994, Moscow, Russia) was a Soviet physicist-theorist who mostly worked in the area of quantum mechanics, nuclear physics and particle physics  He is particularly known for having proposed the idea of underwater neutrino telescopes in 1960 that was originally developed in the master thesis of his student Igor Mikhailovich Zheleznykh.
Moisey Markov graduated from the Faculty of Physics of Moscow University in 1930. He worked at the Institute of Red Professors (1931-1933) and the Faculty of Physics of the Moscow State University (1933-1934). Since 1934 he worked for the Lebedev Physical Institute. In 1956-1962 he was the head of the Neutrino Physics Laboratory of the Institute for Nuclear Research.
Markov was a full member of the Soviet Academy of Sciences since 1966 (a corresponding member since 1953). In 1968-1988 he was the Secretary of the Department for Nuclear Physics of the Soviet Academy of Sciences. Markov was awarded Hero of Socialist Labor title and three Orders of Lenin.
- "Марков Моисей Александрович". Retrieved 2009-06-14.
- M.A.Markov, "The Neutrino," Dubna, 1963, translated in English by USSR Academy of Sciences, Lebedev Physics Institute, 1964.
- I. Zheleznykh, "Early years of high-energy neutrino physics in cosmic rays and neutrino astronomy, (1957-1962)," Int. J. Mod. Phys. A21S1 (2006) 1-11