List of monarchs of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies

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King of the Two Sicilies
Coat of arms of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies.svg
Coat of arms
Francesco II of the Two Sicilies.JPG
Francis II
Details
Style His/Her Majesty
First monarch Joachim I
Last monarch Francis II
Formation August 1, 1808
Abolition February 12, 1861
Residence

Four official residences:

Pretender(s)

Disputed:

The following is a list of rulers of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, until the fusion into the Kingdom of Italy in 1861.

History[edit]

Joachim Murat was the first king to rule a kingdom called "Two Sicilies" by the Edict of Bayonne, in 1808. Though he controlled the mainland, he never physically controlled the island of Sicily, where his Bourbon rival had fled from Naples.[1][2]

After the Congress of Vienna in 1815, the title of king of Two Sicilies was adopted by Ferdinand IV of Naples in 1816.[3] Under Ferdinand's rule, the Kingdom of Naples and the Kingdom of Sicily were unified. He had previously been king of both Naples and Sicily.

List of kings[edit]

House of Murat[edit]

Main article: House of Murat
Portrait Coat of arms Name Reign Relationship with predecessor(s) Title
Joachim Murat (Order of Two-Siciles).jpg Coat of Arms of Joachim Murat as King of Naples.svg Joachim I, the Dandy King[4]
(Gioacchino I, il Re Damerino)
1 August 1808 22 May 1815  • Brother-in-law of Joseph I[5] King of the Two Sicilies
(Re delle Due Sicilie)

House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies[edit]

Portrait Coat of arms Name Reign Relationship with predecessor(s) Title
Ferdinando I.jpg Great Royal Coat of Arms of theTwo Sicilies.svg Ferdinand I, the Conky King
(Ferdinando I, il Re Nasone)
22 May 1815 4 January 1825  • Son of Charles VII King of the Two Sicilies
(Re delle Due Sicilie)
FrancescoI.jpg Great Royal Coat of Arms of theTwo Sicilies.svg Francis I
(Francesco I)
4 January 1825 8 November 1830  • Son of Ferdinand I King of the Two Sicilies
(Re delle Due Sicilie)
Giovanni Salomone, Ritratto di Ferdinando II, 1851. Caserta, Palazzo Reale.jpg Great Royal Coat of Arms of theTwo Sicilies.svg Ferdinand II, the Bomb King
(Ferdinando II, il Re Bomba)
8 November 1830 22 May 1859  • Son of Francis I King of the Two Sicilies
(Re delle Due Sicilie)
Francesco2.jpg Great Royal Coat of Arms of theTwo Sicilies.svg Francis II, the Little Francis
(Francesco II, il Franceschiello)
22 May 1859 20 March 1861  • Son of Ferdinand II King of the Two Sicilies
(Re delle Due Sicilie)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Colletta P., History of the Kingdom of Naples: 1734–1825, p.71
  2. ^ Proclaims with Murat's title. (Italian)
  3. ^ Romeo R., Moments and problems of the Restoration in the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies (1815–1820), in Southern Italy and Sicily during the Risorgimento, Naples 1963, pp. 85–96. (Italian)
  4. ^ Neapolitan lira of 1813
  5. ^ Last king of Naples

See also[edit]