Montignac, Dordogne

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Chateau of Coulonges
Chateau of Coulonges
Coat of arms of Montignac
Coat of arms
Montignac is located in France
Coordinates: 45°04′03″N 1°09′44″E / 45.0675°N 1.1622°E / 45.0675; 1.1622Coordinates: 45°04′03″N 1°09′44″E / 45.0675°N 1.1622°E / 45.0675; 1.1622
Country France
Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Department Dordogne
Arrondissement Sarlat-la-Canéda
Canton Montignac
Intercommunality Vallée de la Vézère
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Laurent Mathieu
Area1 37.15 km2 (14.34 sq mi)
Population (2008)2 2,852
 • Density 77/km2 (200/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 24291 / 24290
Elevation 73–273 m (240–896 ft)
(avg. 77 m or 253 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Montignac (Occitan: Montinhac), also called Montignac sur Vézère or Montignac-Lascaux, is a commune in the Dordogne department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France. It is a small town situated on the Vézère river and has been the capital of the canton of Montignac since 1790. In 2015 it became the capital of the newly created Canton de la Vallée de l'Homme.[1] The poet Pierre Lachambeaudie (1806–1872) was born in the village.


Montignac is a commune and small town in the department of Dordogne. It is situated in the historic region of Périgord noir, just below the confluence of the River Vézère and the Laurence, a small river which rises near the town of Thenon. Montignac is 11 km (7 mi) southeast of Thenon, 13 km (8 mi) southwest of Terrasson-Lavilledieu, and 19 km (12 mi) north of Sarlat-la-Canéda. The D704 district road from Brive-la-Gaillarde passes through the town where it intersects with the D65, D704e and D706. The area of the commune is 3,715 hectares. The highest point is in the northwest and the lowest point in the southwest where the Vézère leaves the commune.[2]


Montignac is situated at a strategic site with a fine bridge over the Vézère and from the eleventh to the fourteenth century was one of the seats of the Counts of Périgord. Their Château de Montignac now lies in ruins, though some wall bases, terraces and a single tower remain.[3]

Montignac was the home of the nineteenth-century French writer Eugène Le Roy, who was a district tax collector and wrote two celebrated novels about rural life in eighteenth-century Périgord. There is a small museum in the town dedicated to him.[3]


Montignac is the main centre for visiting the prehistoric sites in the Vézère valley.[4] The modern part of the town to the south of the river has several hotels and the tourist office. To the north of the river lies the old town, where there are a maze of streets with fourteenth- to sixteenth-century timbered houses. A market is held here twice weekly and there are restaurants where visitors can sit beside the river under medieval timbered beams.[4]

Montignac has a historic bridge, from which fireworks are launched on holidays such as Bastille Day and during the summer festival of world folklore and dance, which is held annually in July.[4]

The main attraction of the region is the Lascaux Cave, actually a complex of caves containing Upper Paleolithic painted art discovered in 1940 and estimated to be 17,300 years old. The cave was put on show in 1948, but it was found that the paintings were being damaged by the carbon dioxide exhaled by visitors, and in 1963, the cave was closed to the public. A replica cave, known as Lascaux II, was opened nearby in 1983, so that visitors could still experience the paintings without damaging the originals.[5] In 1979, Lascaux was added to the UNESCO World Heritage Sites list along with other prehistoric sites in the Vézère valley.[6]

Population of Montignac[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1962 2,809 —    
1968 2,949 +5.0%
1975 3,081 +4.5%
1982 3,135 +1.8%
1990 2,938 −6.3%
1999 3,030 +3.1%
2008 2,852 −5.9%

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Décret no 2014-218 du 21 février 2014 portant délimitation des cantons dans le département de la Dordogne". Légifrance. Retrieved 6 October 2015. 
  2. ^ Philips' Modern School Atlas. George Philip and Son, Ltd. 1973. pp. 42–43. ISBN 0-540-05278-7. 
  3. ^ a b Norton, Janette (2015). Walking in the Dordogne: Over 30 walks in southwest France. Cicerone Press. pp. 66–. ISBN 978-1-84965-931-4. 
  4. ^ a b c Dodd, Jan (2013). The Rough Guide to Dordogne & the Lot. Rough Guides Limited. pp. 223–224. ISBN 978-1-4093-2992-3. 
  5. ^ Bahn, Paul G. (2007). Cave Art: A Guide to the Decorated Ice Age Caves of Europe. Frances Lincoln. pp. 81–85. ISBN 0711226555. 
  6. ^ "Prehistoric Sites and Decorated Caves of the Vézère Valley". UNESCO World Heritage Center. Retrieved 30 December 2012.