Morpeth Dock seen from the east in 2006
|Location||Birkenhead, United Kingdom|
Built between 1844 and 1847, it is named after Lord Morpeth, the 7th Earl of Carlisle, who was the First Commissioner of Woods and Forests. The dock was opened in 1847, and the branch dock was built between 1866 and 1868. By 1872, the dock had been significantly remodelled with the branch dock and a canal basin for the GWR's goods station. Morpeth Dock Goods station was used by the GWR as the Birkenhead end of cross-river traffic to the Manchester Dock. Morpeth Dock provided berths for the Bibby Line, the Brocklebank Line, Holt and the Pacific Steam Navigation Company, all of which worked to the Far East. The branch dock proved to be too small for ships, and was used to site one of the Queensway Tunnel ventilation towers in 1934, along with a water pumping station in 1955. The pumping station later became a water treatment plant, now replacing the entire basin of the branch dock.
Originally, the dock connected directly to the River Mersey via the locks of the Morpeth River Entrance, although the entrance channel has since been partially infilled and the locks removed after being disused for some years. Access to the Great Float via Egerton Dock has also been removed, making both docks effectively landlocked.
The dockside sheds of the former Morpeth Branch Dock were restored around 1992, and now contain the Pacific Road Arts Centre.
One O'Clock Gun
Situated close to the dock and overlooking the river, the One O'Clock Gun provided a time signal to shipping on the Mersey. It was fired electrically from Bidston Observatory for the first time on 21 September 1867 and the original cannon was a relic of the Crimean War. Due to the advent of radio and increasing maintenance costs, by 1932 it was proposed to discontinue the practice. Although this did not occur, firing was suspended during the Second World War. The tradition ceased altogether on 18 July 1969.
A One O'Clock Gun is still fired at Edinburgh Castle.
Birkenhead docks, as well as the surrounding area, were heavily bombed by the Luftwaffe during the Second World War. In May 2006, a 60-year-old, 500kg (1,102lb) bomb was discovered by the Royal Navy's Northern Diving Group and disposed of by the minesweeper HMS Atherstone. It was found embedded in mud in the river, near to the former entrance to Morpeth Dock and may have been disturbed during dredging work at the Twelve Quays ferry terminal. The bomb was later detonated in Liverpool Bay.
- McCarron & Jarvis 1992, pp. 65-66
- Ashmore 1982, p. 155
- Collard, Ian (2007), Birkenhead Docks, Tempus Publishing, p. 73, ISBN 978-0-7524-4259-4
- The Time Ball & The One O'Clock Gun, Proudman Oceanographic Laboratory, retrieved 12 October 2007
- Atherstone Sails Around Britain and Finds A Bomb!, Royal Navy, retrieved 12 October 2007
- Ward, David (17 May 2006), Bomb disrupts Mersey shipping, London: Guardian Unlimited, retrieved 12 April 2007
- Ashmore, Owen (1982). The Industrial Archaeology of North-west England. Manchester University Press. ISBN 9780719008207. OCLC 8555887.
- McCarron, Ken; Jarvis, Adrian (1992). Give a Dock a Good Name?. Birkenhead: Merseyside Port Folios. ISBN 9780951612941. OCLC 27770301.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Morpeth Dock.|